Municipal Welfare in 19th century Greece

Published: Apr 20, 2024
Updated: 2024-04-20
2024-04-20 (2)
Social role, Municipal welfare, municipal benefit, excise duties, redistribution of income.
Marianthi Kotea

Although during the 19th century the Greek
state did not organize a social policy, it assigned
social welfare to the municipalities,
which were responsible for the primary schools
and the charitable institutions in their district.
However, most municipalities failed to fulfill
their social role. This article refers to the legislation
on the municipal welfare policy, the concept
of a welfare city, and the use of the term
“municipal” (demofeles; δημωφελής) instead
of “public” (koinofeles; κοινωφελής) regarding
the benefits of municipal projects. Also, it presents
the objectives of municipal social policy
and the reasons why most municipalities failed
to provide welfare services.

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Author Biography
Marianthi Kotea, Panteion University

Marianthi Kotea is an Associate Professor in the Sociology Department at Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences. Her academic field is the Social and Economic History of Hellenic Cities during the 19th and 20th centuries. Her recent research interests concern the Piraeus economy and municipal excise duties. Contact address:

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