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W omen in artistic professions. An emblematic paradigm for gender studies

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Marie Buscatto
Marie Buscatto

Abstract


At the beginning of the 21st century, the boundaries between men and women are still present, yet along new dividing lines. A “horizontal segregation” divides them between masculine and feminine professions. Women are paid less than their male colleagues, even when they are equally qualified. A “vertical segregation” on the other hand makes access to prestigious positions more difficult for women than it is for men. How is it possible to explain such differences? Based on the emblematic paradigm of artistic professions the paper comments on the basic analyses developed in the framework of gender studies over the past twenty years. On the basis of the research conducted by the author on French women in jazz music, the paper will analyze key French and Anglo-Saxon gender theories on the gender-work nexus.

Keywords


Art; gender; work; inequalities; methods

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