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The “governmental strategy” in lifelong education in Europe and Greece

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Ελένη Πρόκου
Ελένη Πρόκου


Since the early 1990s lifelong education in Greece has been formulated according to the “governmental strategy”; the lifelong learning system has been expanded and privatized to a significant extent, while responsibility for
participation in lifelong learning programmes facilitating entrance in the labor market has been passed on to the individual. The two basic goals for the establishment of the knowledge society relate to the enhancement of economic competitiveness and safeguarding social cohesion. Vocational training centers
(mainly private ones) acquired the biggest share of EU funds aimed at combating unemployment induced social exclusion. Focus was put on continuous vocational training with a parallel weakening of the general education provided to adults. The adopted strategy, by moving away from public educational policy
(through privatization and individualization) has ultimately hindered the attainment of social goals such as social inclusion and social cohesion.


Knowledge society; lifelong learning; economic competitiveness; social inclusion; government strategy; privatization; individualization


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