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ΑΡΙΣΤΟΤΕΛΙΚΗ ΠΑΙΔΕΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΗ ΣΤΗ ΜΕΣΑΙΩΝΙΚΗ ΔΥΣΗ (13ος-14ος ΑΙΩΝΑΣ). Ο DEFENSOR PACIS ΤΟΥ ΜΑΡΣΙΛΙΟΥ ΑΠΟ ΤΗΝ ΠΑΔΟΥΑ

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ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΣ Κ. ΓΙΑΝΝΑΚΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ
ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΣ Κ. ΓΙΑΝΝΑΚΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ

Abstract


Marsiglio Mainardino di Padova (c.1270-1343) was a prominent thinker who made an in-depth analysis of the political works of Aristotle in order to adapt the Greek philosopher’s ideas to a medieval political context, specifically the urban milieu of the Italian city-republics. The paper attempts to underline his crucial political role within the French and German monarchies in the fourteenth century, a role which differentiates Marsiglio from other theoretical scholastics of his time. A clear indication for this was his dynamic participation in the conflict between Pope John XXII and the German Emperor Ludwig IV (1323-1327). Marsiglio’s involvement in this crisis was the culmination of his study of the political situation since the end of the thirteenth century, a study which makes him a unique intellectual.

This is the framework within which his main work Defensor Pacis is set. By analyzing the main ideas of this work, the paper aims at highlighting the interaction of Aristotelian ideas with contemporary political and social status, as well as presenting the use of those ideas as “tools” in the hands of daring reformers, such as Marsiglio, towards an innovating transformation of the European establishment.

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In this year… There also arrived the emissaries sent by Karoulos and Pope Leo to the most pious Irene asking her to marry Karoulos and so unite the eastern and western parts.

C. Mango – R. Scott, The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor, Oxford 1997, p. 654

 

This “Union” of Byzantine East and Latin West might possibly have been realized, if all had gone well with the betrothal of Empress Irene the Athenian to the Frankish king Charles the Great, which the royal and papal emissaries from the West seem to have attempted to conclude in 802. However, the discussions with these emissaries merely precipitated the overthrow of Irene…

Aik. Christofilopoulou, Byzantine History, v. II1 (610-847), Athens 1984, p. 150