Marine alien species in Italy: A contribution to the implementation of descriptor D2 of the marine strategy framework directive

Published: May 10, 2019
Μarine alien species trends MSFD Italy.

The re-examination of marine alien species or Non-indigenous species (NIS) reported in Italian Seas by December 2018, is here provided, particularly focusing on establishment success, year of first record, origin, potential invasiveness, and likely pathways. Furthermore, their distribution is assessed according to marine subregions outlined by the European Union (EU) Marine Strategy Framework Directive: Adriatic Sea (ADRIA), Ionian Sea and Central Mediterranean Sea (CMED), and Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED). In Italy, 265 NIS have been detected with the highest number of species being recorded in the CMED (154 species) and the WMED (151 species), followed by the ADRIA (143). Most of these species were recorded in more than one subregion. The NIS that have established stable populations in Italian Seas are 180 (68%), among which 26 have exhibited invasive traits.

Among taxa involved, Macrophyta rank first with 65 taxa. Fifty-five of them are established in at least one subregion, mostly in the ADRIA and the CMED. Crustacea rank second with 48 taxa, followed by Polychaeta with 43 taxa, Mollusca with 29 taxa, and Pisces with 28 taxa, which were mainly reported from the CMED. In the period 2012-2017, 44 new alien species were recorded, resulting in approximately one new entry every two months. Approximately half of the NIS (~52%) recorded in Italy have most likely arrived through the transport-stowaway pathway related to shipping traffic (~28% as biofoulers, ~22% in ballast waters, and ~2% as hitchhikers). The second most common pathway is the unaided movement with currents (~19%), followed by the transport-contaminant on farmed shellfishes pathway  (~18%). Unaided is the most common pathway for alien Fisshes, especially in CMED. Escapes from confinement account for ~3% and release in nature for ~2% of the NIS. The present NIS distribution hotspots for new introductions were defined on the first recipient area/location in Italy. In ADRIA the hotspot is Venice which accounts for the highest number of alien taxa introduced in Italy, with 50 newly recorded taxa. In the CMED, hotspots of introduction are the Taranto and Catania Gulfs, hosting 21 first records each. The Strait of Sicily represents a crossroad between the alien taxa from the Atlantic Ocean and the Indo-Pacific area. In the WMED, hotspots of bioinvasions include the Gulfs of Naples, Genoa and Livorno.

This review can serve as an updated baseline for future coordination and harmonization of monitoring initiatives under international, EU and regional policies, for the compilation of new data from established monitoring programs, and for rapid assessment surveys.


Article Details
  • Section
  • Review Article
Download data is not yet available.
Airoldi, L., Rindi, F., Piazzi, L., Cinelli, F., 1995. Distribuzione di Polysiphonia setacea Hollenberg (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) in Mediterraneo e possibili modalità di diffusione. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 2, 343-344.
Airoldi, L., Turon, X., Perkol-Finkel, S., Rius, M., 2015. Corridors for aliens but not for natives: effects of marine urban sprawl at a regional scale. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 755-768.
Albano, P.G., Rinaldi, E., Evangelisti, F., Kuan, M., Sabelli, B., 2009. On the identity and origin of Anadara demiri (Bivalvia: Arcidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 89 (6), 1289-1298.
Albertelli, G., Chiantore, M., Drago, N., 1995. Macrobenthic assemblages in Pelagie Islands and Pantelleria (Ionian Sea, Mediterranean). Oebalia, 21, 115-123.
Andaloro, F., Falautano, M., Perzia, P., Maricchiolo, C., Castriota, L., 2012. Identification and distribution of non-indigenous species in the Mediterranean Sea: the Italian challenges. Aliens: The Invasive Species Bulletin, 32, 13-19.
Andaloro, F., Castriota, L., Falautano, M., Azzurro, E., Deidun, A. et al., 2016. Public feedback on early warning initiatives undertaken for hazardous non-indigenous species: the case of Lagocephalus sceleratus from Italian and Maltese waters. Management of Biological Invasions, 7 (4), 313-319.
Arias, A., Giangrande, A., Gambi, M.C., Anadón, N., 2013. Biology and new records of the invasive species Branchiomma bairdi (Annelida: Sabellidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 14 (1), 162-171.
Armeli-Minicante, S., 2013. 219-Pyropia yezoensis (Ueda) M.S. Hwang et H.G. Choi: Prima segnalazione in Adriatico. In: Biodiversity of the Lagoon of Venice and of the venetian Northern Adriatic coast. Records (219-222). Bollettino del Museo di Storia Naturale di Venezia, 64, 141-147.
Athanasiadis, A., 2009. Typification of Antithamnion nipponicum Yamada et Inagaki (Antithamnieae, Ceramioideae, Ceramiaceae, Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina, 52 (3), 256-261.
Atzori, G., López, E., Addis, P., Sabatini, A., Cabiddu, S., 2016. First record of the alien polychaete Naineris setosa (Scolecida; Orbiniidae) in Tyrrhenian Sea (Western Mediterranean). Marine Biodiversity Records, 9 (1), 5.
Azzurro, E., Andaloro, F., 2004. A new settled population of the Lessepsian migrant Siganus luridus (Pisces: Siganidae) in Linosa Island-Sicily Strait. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 84, 819-821.
Azzurro, E., Giardina, F., 2017. First record of Siganus rivulatus in the Pelagie Islands, Strait of Sicily. In: New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (December, 2017). Stamouli, C., Akel, E., Azzurro, E., Bakiu, R., Bas, A.A. et al. Mediterranean Marine Science, 18 (3), 534-556.
Azzurro, E., Ben Souissi, J., Boughedir, W., Castriota, L., Deidun, A. et al., 2014. The Sicily Strait: a transnational observatory for monitoring the advance of non indigenous species. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 21 (1), 105-106.
Azzurro, E., Castriota, L., Falautano, M., Bariche, M., Broglio, E. et al., 2016. New records of the silver-cheeked toadfish Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) in the Tyrrhenian and Ionian Seas: early detection and participatory monitoring in practice. BioInvasions Records, 5 (4), 295-299.
Azzurro, E., Stancanelli, B., Di Martino, V., Bariche, M., 2017. Range expansion of the common lionfish Pterois miles (Bennett, 1828) in the Mediterranean Sea: an unwanted new guest for Italian waters. BioInvasions Records, 6 (2), 95-98.
Azzurro, E., Bolognini, L., Dragičević, B., Drakulović, D., Dulčić, J. et al., 2018a. Detecting the occurrence of indigenous and non-indigenous megafauna through fishermen knowledge: A complementary tool to coastal and port surveys. Marine Pollution Bulletin. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.01.016.
Azzurro, E., Zannaki, K., Andaloro, F., Giardina, F., Tiralongo, F., 2018b. First record of Ophioblennius atlanticus (Valenciennes, 1836) in Italian waters, with considerations on effective NIS monitoring in Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas. Bioinvasions Records, 7 (4), 437-440.
Balistreri, P., Ghelia, M., 2015. First record of Rhopilema nomadica from Italy. In: New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (October 2015). Crocetta, F., Agius, D., Balistreri, P., Bariche, M., Bayhan, Y.K. et al.. Mediterranean Marine Science, 16 (3), 682-702.
Balistreri, P., Spiga, A., Deidun, A., Gueroun, S.K., Yahia, M.N.D., 2017. Further spread of the venomous jellyfish Rhopilema nomadica Galil, Spannier & Ferguson, 1990 (Rhizostomeae, Rhizostomatidae) in the western Mediterranean. BioInvasions Records, 6 (1), 19-24.
Bartolini, S., Innocenti, L., Carlesi A., 2010. Conferma di Fulvia fragilis (Forskål, 1775) alla spiaggia di Calambrone. Notiziario S.I.M., 28 (1), 21.
Bavestrello, G., Piraino, S., 1991. On two Eudendrium (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) species from the Mediterranean Sea. Oebalia, 17, 197-207.
Bedulli, D., Bianchi, C.N., Zurlini, G., Morri, C., 1986. Caratterizzazione biocenotica e strutturale del macrobenthos delle coste pugliesi. p.227-255. In: Indagine ambientale del sistema marino costiero della regione Puglia. Viel, M., Zurlini, G. (a cura di). ENEA, Roma.
Belluscio, A., Ardizzone, G.D., Conticelli, M., Pellicciari, C., 2004. Prima documentazione fotografica di una femmina ovigera di Tremoctopus sp. (Octopoda, Tremoctopodidae) nel Mediterraneo. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 11 (2), 556-559.
Benedetti Cecchi, L., Cinelli, F., 1989. Note on a Polysiphonia sp. (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales) collected at Rosignano Solvay (Western Mediterranean). Giornale Botanico Italiano, 123, 49-54.
Berdar, A., Riccobono, F., 1986. Le meraviglie dello Stretto di Messina. EDAS (Ed.), Messina, 672 pp.
Berdar, A., Costa, F., D'Orazio, E., Giordano, D., Mento, G. et al., 1996. Insediamento di Lepas anatifera Linneo, 1797 e di Megabalanus tintinnabulum tintinnabulum (Linn.) 1758 (Crustacea: Cirripedia) nello Stretto di Messina. Rivista di Parassitologia, 57, 241-250.
Bianchi, C.N., Morri, C., 1993. Range extensions of warm-water species in the northern Mediterranean: evidence for climatic fluctuations? Porcupine Newsletter, 5 (7), 156-159.
Bianchi, C.N., Morri, C., 1994. Southern species in the Ligurian Sea (northern Mediterranean): new records and a review. Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici dell’Università di Genova, 58-59, 181-197.
Bianchi, C.N., Caroli, F., Guidetti, P., Morri, C., 2017. Seawater warming at the northern reach for southern species: Gulf of Genoa, NW Mediterranean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 9 (1), 1-12.
Bini, G., 1983. Immissione antropica di molluschi esotici nel Mediterraneo: I°- Il lago di Caprolace. Studi per l'Ecologia del Quaternario, 5, 113-125.
Biodivalue, 2016. Final Report. Program Italia – Malta – Cohesion Policy 2007–2013. Code Project B1.2.8/1.
Blake, J.A., Giangrande, A., 2011. Naineris setosa (Verrill) (Polychaeta, Orbiniidae), an American-subtropical tropical polychaete collected from an acquaculture facility in Brindisi (Adriatic Sea, Italy): A possible alien species. Italian Journal of Zoology, 78 (Suppl. 1), 20-26.
Boero, F., Di Camillo, C., Gravili, C., 2005. Phantom aliens in Mediterranean waters. Aquatic Invasions. MarBEF Newsletter, 3, 21-22.
Boero, F., Putti M., Trainito E., Prontera E., Piraino S. et al., 2009. First records of Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora) from the Ligurian, Thyrrhenian and Ionian Seas (Western Mediterranean) and first record of Phyllorhiza punctata (Cnidaria) from the Western Mediterranean. Aquatic Invasions, 4 (4), 675-680.
Bombace, G., 1967. Sul rinvenimento di alcuni esemplari di Pinctada radiata (Leach) nelle acque del Canale di Sicilia (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Natura, 58 (4), 298-304.
Brambati, A., Ghirardelli, E., Giaccone, G., Orel, G., Vio, E., 1980. Bionomia del Canale di San Pietro (Sardegna): ricerche sedimentologiche, idrologiche e rilievo aerofotogrammetrico in funzione della tipologia e della distribuzione delle comunità bentoniche. Nova Thalassia, 4, 135-171.
Brancato, A., Reitano, A., 2009. Segnalazione di Fulvia fragilis (Forskål, 1775) e Musculista senhousia (Benson in Cantor, 1842) nelle acque del porto grande di Siracusa (Sicilia sud-orientale) (Mollusca Bivalvia). Il Naturalista Siciliano, 33 (1-2), 207-212.
Brinckmann-Voss, A., 1987. Seasonal distribution of hydromedusae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from the Gulf of Naples and vicinity, with observations on sexual and asexual reproduction in some species. p. 133-141. In: Modern trends in the Systematics, Ecology and Evolution of Hydroids and Hydromedusae. Bouillon, J., Boero, F., Cicogna, F., Cornelius, P.F.S. (Eds). Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Brunetti, R., Menin, F., 1977. Ascidians of the Laguna Veneta II Distribution and Ecological Observations. Italian Journal of Zoology, 44 (4), 337-352.
Carlton, J.T., 1996. Biological Invasions and Cryptogenic Species. Ecology, 77 (6), 1653-1655.
Caruso, A., Cosentino C., 2014. The first colonization of the genus Amphistegina and other exotic benthic foraminifera of the Pelagian Islands and south-eastern Sicily (central Mediterranean Sea). Marine Micropaleontology, 111, 38-52.
Castelli, A., Abbiati, M., Badalamenti, F., Bianchi, C.N., Cantone, G. et al., 1995. Annelida Polychaeta, Pogonophora, Echiura, Sipuncula. In: Checklist della Fauna italiana. Minelli A., Ruffo S., La Posta S. (Eds). Calderini, Bologna, 19, 1-45.
Castelli, A., Bianchi, C.N., Cantone, G., Çinar, M.E., Gambi, M.C. et al., 2008. Annelida Polychaeta. p. 323-373. In: Checklist della Flora e della Fauna dei mari italiani (parte I). Relini G. (Ed.). Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 15 (Suppl.).
Castriota, L., Andaloro, F., Costa, F., 2009. Old findings of the lessepsian immigrants Platycephalus indicus (Platycephalidae) and Saurida undosquamis (Synodontidae) along the Italian coasts. Marine Biodiversity Records, 2, e130.
Cattaneo-Vietti, R., 1986. On the probable presence of Chromodoris quadricolor quadricolor (Mollusca: Nudibranchia) in the Mediterranea sea. Bollettino Malacologico, 22, 167-168.
CBD, 2014. UNEP/CBD/SBSTT A/18/9/Add.1. Pathways of introduction of invasive species, their prioritization and management. Montreal, 26 June 2014.
Cecere, E., Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Petrocelli, A., Saracino, O. et al., 1996. Benthic algal flora of Cheradi Islands (Gulf of Taranto, Mediterranean Sea). Nova Hedwigia, 62, 191-214.
Cecere, E., Petrocelli, A., Saracino, O.D., 2000. Undaria pinnatifida (Fucophyceae, Laminariales) spread in the central Mediterranean: its occurrence in the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Ionian Sea, Southern Italy). Cryptogamie, Algologie, 21, 305-309.
Cecere, E., Alabiso, G., Carlucci, R., Petrocelli, A., Verlaque, M., 2016a. Fate of two invasive or potentially invasive alien seaweeds in a central Mediterranean transitional water system: failure and success. Botanica Marina, 59, 451-462.
Cecere, E., Petrocelli, A., Belmonte, M., Portacci, G., Rubino, F., 2016b. Activities and vectors responsible for the biological pollution in the Taranto Seas (Mediterranean Sea, southern Italy): a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23, 12797-12810.
Cesari, P., 1994. I molluschi della laguna di Venezia. Arsenale Editrice, Venezia, 189 pp.
Cesari, P., Pellizzato, M., 1985. Molluschi pervenuti in Laguna di Venezia per apporti volontari o casuali. Acclimazione di Saccostrea commercialis (Iredale and Roughley, 1933) e di Tapes philippinarum (Adams and Reeve, 1850). Bollettino Malacologico, 21, 237-274.
Cesari, P., Pellizzato, M., 1990. Biologia di Tapes philippinarum. p. 23-46. In: Tapes philippinarum, Biologia, sperimentazione. Agostini, D. Alessandra, G. (Eds). Ente Sviluppo Agricolo Veneto, Centro Scientifico Didattico, Trieste.
Chimenz, C., Brignoli, P.M., Basciano, G., 1980. Pantopodi del porto di Civitavecchia e dintorni (Italia Centrale). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 20, 471-497.
Cillari, T., Andaloro, F., Castriota, L., 2018. First documented record of Cassiopea cf andromeda (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa) in Italian waters. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 59, 193-195.
Cinelli, F., Sartoni, G., 1971 (1969). Acrothamnion J. Ag. (Rhodophyta, Ceramiaceae): genere algale nuovo per il mare Mediterraneo. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli, 37, 567-574.
Ciriaco, S., Lipej, L., 2015. First record of Oplegnathus fasciatus from Italy and the Adriatic Sea. In: New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (October 2015). Crocetta, F., Agius, D., Balistreri, P., Bariche, M., Bayhan, Y.K. et al., Mediterranean Marine Science, 16 (3), 682-702.
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Giaccone, G., Serio, D., 2004. Alien macrophytes in the Mediterranean Sea: a review. Recent Research Developments in Environmental Biology, 1, 153-202.
Corsini-Foka, M., Deidun, A., Insacco, G., Zava, B., 2017. First occurrence of Erugosquilla massavensis (Kossmann, 1880) in Italian waters (Ionian Sea). BioInvasions Records, 6 (4), 369-372.
Cosentino, A., Giacobbe, S., 2006. A case study of mollusc and polychaete soft‐bottom assemblages submitted to sedimentary instability in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Ecology, 27 (2), 170-183.
Costantino, G., Quaranta, L., De Zio, V., Pastorelli, A.M., Rositani, L. et al., 2002. Sulla recente presenza di Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J. Agardh sui fondi costieri dell’Adriatico sud-occidentale. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 9, 613-615.
Crocetta, F., 2005. Prime segnalazioni di Fulvia fragilis (Forskål in Niebuhr, 1775) (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Cardiidae) per i mari italiani. Bollettino Malacologico, 41 (5-8), 23-24.
Crocetta, F., 2012. Marine alien Mollusca in Italy: a critical review and state of the knowledge. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 92(6), 1357-1365.
Crocetta, F., Renda, W., Vazzana, A., 2009a. Alien Mollusca along the Calabrian shores of the Messina Strait area and a review of their distribution in the Italian Seas. Bollettino Malacologico, 45, 15-30.
Crocetta, F., Renda, W., Colamonaco, G., 2009b. New distributional and ecological data of some marine alien molluscs along the southern Italian coasts. Marine Biodiversity Records, 2, e23.
Crocetta, F., Macali, A., Furfaro, G., Cooke, S., Villani, G. et al., 2013. Alien molluscan species established along the Italian shores: an update, with discussions on some Mediterranean "alien species" categories. ZooKeys, 277, 91-108.
Crocetta, F., Pitacco, V., Lipej, L., 2017. Brachidontes pharaonis in the Adriatic Sea-a distributional review with the first record from Slovenia. In: New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (March 2017), Lipej, L., Acevedo, I., Akel, E.H.K., Anastasopoulou, A., Angelidis, A. et al., Mediterranean Marine Science, 18 (1), 179-201.
Cruscanti, M., Innocenti, G., Bremer, J.A., Galil, B.S., 2015. First report of the brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus Ives, 1891 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Marine Biodiversity Records, 8 (e81), 1-4.
Curiel, D., Marzocchi, M., Bellemo, G., 1996. First report of fertile Antithamnion pectinatum (Ceramiales, Rhodophyceae) in the North Adriatic Sea (Lagoon of Venice, Italy). Botanica Marina, 39, 19-22.
De Olazabal, A., Tirelli, V., 2011. First record of the egg-carrying calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus marinus in the Adriatic Sea. Marine Biodiversity Records, 4, e85.
De Olazabal, A., Comici, C., Fonda Umani, S., 2006. Prima osservazione di Paracartia grani Sars, 1904 (Copepoda: Calanoida) nel Golfo di Trieste. Biologia marina del Mediterraneo, 13(1), 964-967.
Deidun, A., Piraino, S., 2017. First record of an adult-sized red emperor snapper, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier, 1816), in the Mediterranean Sea. In: New Mediterranean biodiversity records (July 2017). Gerovasileiou, V., Akel, E.H.Kh., Akyol, O., Alongi, G., Azevedo, F. et al., Mediterranean Marine Science, 18 (2), 355-384.
Deidun, A., Sciberras, J., Sciberras, A., Gauci, A., Balistreri, P. et al., 2017. The first record of the white-spotted Australian jellyfish Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld, 1884 from Maltese waters (western Mediterranean) and from the Ionian coast of Italy. BioInvasions Records, 6 (2), 119-124.
Deidun, A., Zava, B., Insacco, G., Corsini-Foka, M., 2018. First record of the Por’s goatfish Upeneus pori (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Mullidae) from Italian waters (western Ionian Sea). Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 48 (1), 93-97.
De Longis, P., 1987. Studi e ricerche sulle conchiglie del mare ligure e dintorni della sottoprovincia mediterranea. Casa editrice Genova, 132 pp.
Del Pasqua, M., Schulze, A., Tovar-Hernández, M.A., Keppel, E., Lezzi, M. et al., 2018. Clarifying the taxonomic status of the alienspecies Branchiomma bairdi and Branchiomma boholense (Annelida: Sabellidae) using molecular and morphological evidence. PLoS one, 13 (5), e0197104.
Delle Chiaje, S., 1822. Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del regno di Napoli. Società Tipografica, Napoli, 109 pls.
Delos, A.-L., Giangrande, A., 2011. Hesionura serrata along the Apulian Coast (Ionian Sea). In: New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (December 2011). Eleftheriou, A., Anagnostopoulou–Visilia, E., Anastasopoulou, E., Ateş, S.A., Bachari, N.El.I. et al., Mediterranean Marine Science, 12 (2), 491-508.
Diciotti, R., Culurgioni, J., Serra, S., Trentadue, M., Chessa, G. et al., 2016. First detection of Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora, Bolinopsidae) in Sardinia (S’Ena Arrubia Lagoon, Western Mediterranean): a threat for local fishery and species recruitment. Mediterranean Marine Science, 17 (3), 714-719.
Di Geronimo, I., 1971. Prima segnalazione sulle coste italiane di Brachidontes variabilis Krauss. Bollettino delle sedute della Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania, 4 (4) 10 (10), 847-852.
Di Geronimo, I., 1990. Biogeografia dello zoobenthos del Mediterraneo: origine e problematiche. Oebalia, 16 (1), 31-49.
Di Natale, A., 1982. Extra-Mediterranean species of mollusca along the southern Italian coast. Malacologia, 22, 571-580.
Dulčić J., Scordella G., Guidetti, P., 2008. On the record of the Lessepsian migrant Fistularia commersonii (Rüppell, 1835) from the Adriatic Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 24, 101-102.
EEA, 2015. EEA/NSV/10/002-ETRC/ICM. Delineation of the MSFD Article 4 marine regions and subregions. 14/07/2015.
EU, 2017. COMMISSION DECISION (EU) 2017/848 of 17 May 2017 laying down criteria and methodological standards on good environmental status of marine waters and specifications and standardised methods for monitoring and assessment, and repealing Decision 2010/477/EU Official Journal of the European Union, L125, 43-74.
Faccia, I., Alyakrinsky, A., Bianchi, C.N., 2009. The crab that came in from the cold: first record of Paralithoides camtschaticus (Tilesius, 1815) in the Mediterranean Sea. Aquatic Invasions, 4, 715-718.
Falautano, M., Castriota, L., Andaloro, F., 2006. First record of Etrumeus teres (Clupeidae) in the central Mediterranean Sea. Cybium, 30 (3), 287-288.
Falautano, M., Castriota, L., Battaglia, P., Romeo, T., Andaloro, F., 2014. First record of the Lessepsian species Hemiramphus far (Hemiramphidae) in Italian waters. Cybium, 38 (3), 235-237.
Farabegoli, A.I., Ferrari, I., Manzoni, C., Pugnetti, A., 1989. Prima segnalazione nel Mare Adriatico del copepode calanoide Acartia tonsa. Nova Thalassia, 10, 207-208.
Ferrario, J., Marchini, A., Caronni, S., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., 2017. Role of commercial harbours and recreational marinas for the spread of fouling non-indigenous species. Biofouling, 33, 651-660.
Froglia, C., Marchini A., 2014. Considerazioni sulla diffusione di Crostacei Decapodi alieni nei mari italiani. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 21 (1), 34-36.
Furnari, G., 1974. Segnalazione di Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot nel Lago di Faro (Messina). Memorie di Biologia Marina e di Oceanografia, University of Messina, 4, 193-198.
Galil, B.S., Gevili, R., 2014. Zoobotryon verticillatum (Bryozoa: Ctenostomatida: Vesiculariidae), a new occurrence on the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Marine Biodiversity Records, 7, e17.
Gambi, M.C., Terlizzi, A., 1998. Record of large population of Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J. Agardh (Chlorophyceae) in the gulf of Salerno (Southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy). Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 5, 553-556.
Gambi, M.C., Lorenti, M., Patti, F.P., Zupo, V., 2016. An annotated list of alien marine species of the Ischia Island (Gulf of Naples). Notiziario della Società Italiana di Biologia Marina, 70, 64-68.
Garavelli, C.L., Melone, N., 1967. Ritrovamenti malacologici nel Mediterraneo. (IIa parte). Conchiglie, 3 (11-12), 184-192.
Ghisotti, F., 1966. Il Callinectes sapidus Rathbun nel Mediterraneo
(Crustacea, Decapoda). Natura, Milano, 57 (3), 177-180.
Giordani Soika, A., 1951. Il Neptunus pelagicus (L.) nell' alto Adriatico. Natura, Milano, 42, 18-20.
Graeffe, E., 1900. Uebersicht der Fauna des Golfes von Triest nebst Notizen über Vorkommen, Lebensweise, Erscheinungs- und Laichzeit der einzelnen Arten. V. Crustacea. Arbeiten aus den Zoologischen Institute der Universität Wien und der Zoologischen Station in Triest, 13 (1), 33-80.
Gravili, C., 2017. Alien jellyfish in expansion: The contribution of
taxonomy to ecology. Chapter 2. p. 27-49. In: Jellyfish. Ecology, Distribution Patterns and Human Interactions. Mariottini, G.L. (Ed.). Nova Publishers, New York.
Gravili, C., D' Ambrosio, P., Di Camillo, C., Renna, G., Bouillon, J. et al., 2008. Clytia hummelincki (Hydroidomedusae: Leptomedusae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 88 (8), 1547-1553.
Gravili, C., Belmonte, G., Cecere, E., Denitto, F., Giangrande, A. et al., 2010. Nonindigenous species along the Apulian coast, Italy, Chemistry and Ecology, 26 (Suppl. 1), 121-142.
Gravili, C., De Vito, D., Di Camillo, C.G., Martell, L., Piraino, S. et al., 2015. The non-Siphonophoran Hydrozoa (Cnidaria) of Salento, Italy with notes on their life-cycles: an illustrated guide. Zootaxa, 3908 (1), 1-187.
Guardiola, M., Froster, J., Ageli, G., Uriz, M.J., 2010. Temporal variation in connectivity and genetic structure among populations of a foreign calcareous sponge in the western Mediterranean: approaching the invasive capacity of the species. p. 152. In: Abstracts XVI Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina, Alicante, España, 6-10 Septembre 2010.
Guidetti, P., Giardina, F., Azzurro, E., 2010. A new record of Cephalopholis taeniops in the Mediterranean Sea, with considerations on the Sicily channel as a biogeographical crossroad of exotic fish. Marine Biodiversity Records, 3, e13.
Guidetti, P., Magnali, L., Navone, A., 2016. First record of the acanthurid fish Zebrasoma xanthurum (Blyth, 1852) in the Mediterranean Sea, with some considerations on the risk associated with aquarium trade. Mediterranean Marine Science, 17 (1), 147-151.
Harrower, C.A., Scalera, R., Pagad, S. Schonrogge, K., Roy, H.E., 2018. Guidance for interpretation of CBD categories on introduction pathways. European Commision, (CEH Project no. C06225) 100 pp.
Hyams-Kaphzan, O., Almogi-Labin, A., Sivan, D., Benjamini, C., Ramon, M., 2008. Benthic foraminifera assemblage change along the southeasternMediterranean inner shelf due to fall-off of Nile-derived siliciclastics. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, 248 (3), 315-344.
Insacco, G., Zava, B., 2017. Chlorurus rhakoura Randall & Anderson, 1997 (Perciformes, Scaridae), an Indo-Pacific fish new for the Mediterranean Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 18 (2), 285-291.
Insacco, G., Zava, B., Corsini-Foka, M., 2017. Trachysalambria palaestinensis (Steinitz, 1932) (Decapoda, Penaeidae), a new alien prawn for the Italian water. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 58, 497-500.
Joseph, H., 1919. Über einen mutmaßlichen Primitivzustand eines Schweressinnesorganes. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 69 (1-2), 27-34.
Katsanevakis, S., Deriu, I., D’Amico, F., Nunes, A.L., Pelaez Sanchez, S. et al., 2015. European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): supporting European policies and scientific research. Management of Biological Invasions, 6, 147-157.
Kawai, H., Kogishi, K., Hanyuda, T., Arai, S., Gurgel, C.F. et al., 2016. Phylogeographic analysis of the brown alga Cutleria multifida (Tilopteridales, Phaeophyceae) suggests a complicated introduction history. Phycological Research, 64, 3-10.
Knight-Jones, P., Knight-Jones, W., Ergen, Z., 1991. Sabelliform polychaetes, mostly from Turkey’s Aegean coast. Journal of Natural History, 25, 837-858.
Koukousioura, O., Dimiza, M.D., Triantaphyllou, M.V., 2010. Alien foraminifers from Greek coastal areas (Aegean Sea, eastern Mediterranean). Mediterranean Marine Science, 11 (1), 155-172.
Krapp, F., Sconfietti, R., 1983. Ammothea hilgendorfi (Böhm, 1879), an adventitious Pycnogonid new for the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Ecology, 4 (2), 123-132.
Krapp, T., Lang, C., Libertini, A., Melzer, R.R., 2006. Caprella scaura Templeton, 1836 sensu lato (Amphipoda: Caprellidae) in the Mediterranean. Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 6, 77-81.
Krapp-Schickel, G., 1993. Do algal-dwelling amphipods react to the ‘critical zones’ of a coastal slope? Journal of Natural History, 27, 883-900.
Langeneck, J., Barbieri, M., Maltagliati, F., Castelli, A., 2015a. The low basin of the Arno River (Tuscany, Italy) as alien species hotspot: first data about Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Crustacea, Panopeidae). Transitional Waters Bulletin, 9 (1), 1-10.
Langeneck, J., Boyer, M., De Cecco, P.G., Luciani, C., Marcelli, M. et al., 2015b. First record of Acanthurus chirurgus (Perciformes: Acanthuridae) in the Mediterranean Sea, with some distributional notes on Mediterranean Acanthuridae. Mediterranean Marine Science, 16 (2), 427-431.
Langeneck, J., Marcelli, M., Bariche, M., Azzurro, E., 2017. Social networks allow early detection of non-indigenous species: first record of the red drum Sciaenops ocellatus (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Sciaenidae) in Italian waters. Acta Adriatica: international journal of marine sciences, 58 (2), 365-370.
Langer, M.R., 2008. Foraminifera from the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. In: Por, F.D. (Ed.): Aqaba-Eilat, the Improbable Gulf. Environment, Biodiversity and Preservation. Magnes Press, Jerusalem: 396-416.
Langer, M.R., Hottinger, L., 2000. Biogeography of selected larger foraminifera. In: Lee, J. J. (Ed.). Biology of Foraminifera. 46, Suppl. 1, 105-126.
Langer, M.R., Mouanga, G.H., 2016. Invasion of amphisteginid foraminifera in the Adriatic Sea. Biological Invasions, 18 (5), 1335-1349.
Langer, M.L., Weinmann, A.E., Lötters, S., Rödder, D., 2012. ''Strangers'' in paradise: Modeling the biogeographic range expansion of the foraminifera Amphistegina in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 42 (3), 234-244.
Langer, M.R., Weinmann, A.E., Lötters, S., Bernhard, JM., Rödder, D., 2013. Climate-Driven Range Extension of Amphistegina (Protista, Foraminiferida): Models of Current and Predicted Future Ranges. PLOS ONE DOI:
Lezzi, M., Del Pasqua, M., Pierri, C., Giangrande, A., 2018. Seasonal non-indigenous species succession in a marine macrofouling invertebrate community. Biological Invasions, 20, 937-961.
Licciano, M., Giangrande, A., Gambi, M.C., 2002. Reproduction and simultaneous hermaphroditism in Branchiomma luctuosum (Polychaeta, Sabellidae) from the Mediterranean Sea. Invertebrate Biology, 121 (1), 55-65.
Lodola, A., Dos Santos, T.R., Paganelli, D., Marchini, A., Savini, D. et al., 2012. Native and alien peracarids in Italian harbours (La Spezia, Olbia and Lampedusa) and neighbouring Marine Protected Areas (Cinque Terre, Tavolara Punta Coda Cavallo and Linosa island). In: 73rd Congresso Nazionale dell’Unione Zoologica Italiana (UZI), Firenze, Book of Abstracts. Baistrocchi, E., Zaccaroni, M. (Eds). Firenze University Press, Florence, 154.
Longo, C., Mastrototaro, F., Corriero, G., 2007. Occurrence of Paraleucilla magna (Porifera: Calcarea) in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87, 1749-1755.
Lorenti, M., Dappiano, M., Gambi, M.C., 2009. Occurrence and ecology of Mesanthura (Crustacea: Isopoda: Anthuridea) in two Italian harbours. Marine Biodiversity Records, 2, e48.
Lorenti, M., Keppel, E., Petrocelli, A., Sigovini, M., Tagliapietra, D. 2016. The non-indigenous Paranthura japonica Richardson, 1909 (Isopoda: Anthuroidea: Paranthuridae) from the Mar Piccolo lagoon, Taranto (Italy, Mediterranean Sea). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23, 12791-12796.
Malaquias, M.A.E., Zamora-Silva, A., Vitale, D., Spinelli, A., De Matteo, S. et al., 2016. The Mediterranean Sea as a gateway for invasion of the Red Sea: the case of the Indo-West Pacific head-shield slug Chelidonura fulvipunctata Baba, 1938. Aquatic Invasions, 11 (3), 247-255.
Malej, A., Tirelli, V., Lučić, D., Paliaga, P., Vodopivec, M. et al., 2017. Mnemiopsis leidyi in the northern Adriatic: here to stay? Journal of Sea Research, 124, 10-16.
Mannino, A., Balistreri, P., Iaciofano, D., Galil, B., Lo Brutto, S., 2015. An additional record of Kyphosus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (Osteichthyes, Kyphosidae) from Sicily clarifies the confused situation of the Mediterranean kyphosids. Zootaxa, 3963 (1), 45-54.
Mannino, A.M., Parasporo, M., Crocetta, F., Balistreri, P., 2017. An updated overview of the marine alien and cryptogenic species from the Egadi Islands Marine Protected Area (Italy). Marine Biodiversity, 47, 469-480.
Marchini, A., Ferrario, J., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., 2013. Recent additions to the alien marine biota along Italian coasts. Rapport de la Commission Internationale pour l’Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Méditerrané, 40, 887.
Marchini, A., Ferrario, J., Sfriso, A., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., 2015. Current status and trends of biological invasions in the Lagoon of Venice, a hotspot of marine NIS introductions in the Mediterranean Sea. Biological invasions, 17 (10), 2943-2962.
Marini, M., Russo, A., Paschini, E., Grilli, F. Campanelli, A., 2006. Short-term physical and chemical variations in the bottom water of middle Adriatic depressions. Climate Research, 31 (2-3), 227-237.
Mastrototaro, F., Brunetti, R., 2006. The non-indigenous ascidian Distaplia bermudensis in the Mediterranean: comparison with the native species Distaplia magnilarva and Distaplia lucillae sp. nov. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86, 181-185.
Mastrototaro, F., Matarrese, A., D'Onghia, G., 2003. Occurrence of Musculista senhousia (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the Taranto seas (eastern-central Mediterranean Sea). Journal of Marine Biology Association of the United Kingdom, 83, 1279-1280.
Mastrototaro, F., Carlucci, R., Capezzuto, F., Sion, L., 2007. First record of dwarf flathead Elates ransonnetii (Platycephalidae) in the Mediterranean Sea (North-western Ionian Sea). Cybium, 31 (3), 393-394.
Mateu-Vicens, G., Holzmann, M., Nadal, M.V., Khokhlova, A., Ferriol, P. et al., 2018. First occurrence of the large benthic foraminifer Parasorites sp. in the Mediterranean. FORAMS 2018, Program with Abstracts, Edinburgh 17-22 June.
Mazzarelli, G., 1923. Un tentativo di acclimatazione di un'ostrica perlifera (Meleagrina radiata Desh.) nel lago Fusaro. Estratto degli Atti del R. Istituto d'incoraggiamento di Napoli, Serie 6, 75 (1).
Mazzocchi, M.G., Di Capua, I., 2010. Copepodi planctonici/planktonic copepods: Calanoida, Cyclopoida, Harpacticoida, Mormonilloida, Siphonostomatoida. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 17 (Suppl. 1), 420-431.
Monniot, C., Monniot, F., 1987. Discussion sur la valeur de deux genres d’ascidies à propos d’espèces nouvelles en Méditerranée. Annales de l’Institut océanographique, Paris, 63 (2), 119-130.
Monterosato, T.A., 1917. Molluschi viventi e quaternari raccolti lungo le coste della Tripolitania dall’ing. Camillo Crema. Bollettino Zoologico Italiano, serie 3, 4, 1-28.
Moscatello, S., Belmonte, G., 2007. The plankton of a shallow submarine cave (‘Grotta di Ciolo’, Salento Peninsula, SE Italy). Marine Ecology, 28 (Suppl. 1), 47-59.
Mouanga, G.H. Langer M.R., 2014. At the front of expanding ranges: Shifting community structures atamphisteginid species range margins in the Mediterranean Sea. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 271 (2), 141-150.
Munari, C., Mistri, M., 2008. Biodiversity of soft-sediment benthic communities from Italian transitional waters. Journal of Biogeography, 35, 1622-1637.
Munari, C., Bocchi, N., Parrella, P., Granata, T., Moruzzi, L. et al., 2017. The occurrence of two morphologically similar Chaetozone (Annelida: Polychaeta: Cirratulidae) species from the Italian seas: Chaetozone corona Berkeley & Berkeley, 1941 and C. carpenteri McIntosh, 1911. The European Zoological Journal, 84 (1), 541-553.
Mura, G., Kappas, I., Baxevanis, A.D., Moscatello, S., D'Amico, Q. et al., 2006. Morphological and Molecular Data Reveal the Presence of the Invasive Artemia franciscana in Margherita di Savoia Salterns (Italy). International Review of hydrobiology, 91 (6), 539-554.
Murina, G.-V., 1977. Marine worms of the Arctic and boreal waters of Europe. Works on the fauna of USSR. Akademii Nauk USSR, Leningrad, 283 pp.
Occhipinti Ambrogi, A., 2000. Biotic invasions in a Mediterranean lagoon. Biological Invasions, 2 (2), 165-176.
Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., Savini, D., 2003. Biological invasions as a component of global change in stressed marine ecosystems. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46, 542-551.
Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., Marchini, A., Cantone, G., Castelli, A., Chimenz, C. et al., 2011. Alien species along the Italian coasts: an overview. Biological Invasions, 13, 215-237.
Ojaveer H., Galil B.S., Campbell M.L., Carlton J.T., Canning-Clode J. et al., 2015. Classification of non-indigenous species based on their impacts: considerations for application in marine management. PLoS Biology, 13, e1002130.
Olivi, G., 1792. Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e delle lagune di Venezia. Bassano, Venezia, 334 pp.
Orsi Relini, L., 2002. The occurence of the South American fish Pinguipes brasilianus (Pinguipedidae) in the Mediterranean. Cybium, 26 (2), 147-149.
Paccagnella, W., 1967. Conchiglie del Mar di Sicilia. Conchiglie, 3, 169-183.
Pais, A., Merella, P., Follesa, M.C., Garippa, G., 2007. Westward range expansion of the Lessepsian migrant Fistularia commersonii (Fistulariidae) in the Mediterranean Sea, with notes on its parasites. Journal of Fish Biology, 70(1), 269-277.
Parenzan, P., 1970. Carta d'identità delle conchiglie del Mediterraneo, Vol. I, Gasteropodi. Bios Taras (Ed.), Taranto, 283 pp.
Pastore, M., 1976. Decapoda Crustacea in the Gulf of Taranto and the Gulf of Catania with a discussion of a new species of Dromidae (Decapoda Brachyura) in the Mediterranean Sea. Thalassia Jugoslavica, 8 (1)[1972], 105-117, 1pl.
Pastore, M., 1995. The genus Calappa in the Ionian Sea. Oebalia, 21, 187-196.
Perrone, A., 1995. Una specie di nudibranchi del genere Cuthona Alder & Hancock 1855 nuova per il Mediterraneo: Cuthona perca Marcus, 1958 (Opisthobranchia: Nudibranchia). Bollettino Malacologico, 31 (1-4), 28-36.
Petrocelli, A., Cecere, E., Verlaque, M., 2013. Alien marine macrophytes in transitional water systems: new entries and reappearances in a Mediterranean coastal basin. BioInvasions Records, 2 (3), 177-184.
Piazzi, L., Balestri, E., Cinelli, F., 1994. Presence of Caulerpa racemosa in the North-Western Mediterrean. Cryptogamie, Algologie, 15, 183-189.
Pipitone, C., Badalamenti, F., Sparrow, A., 2001. Contribution to the knowledge of Percnon gibbesi (Decapoda, Grapsidae), an exotic species spreading rapidly in Sicilian waters. Crustaceana,74 (10), 1009-1017.
Poli, J.X., 1791. Testacea utriusque Siciliae eorumque historia et anatome tabulis aeneis illustrata. Tomus primus. Parmae.
Relini, G., 1968. Segnalazione di due Cirripedi nuovi per l'Adriatico. Bollettino della Società Adriatica di Scienze, Trieste, 56 (2), 218-225.
Relini, G., 1969. La distribuzione dei Cirripedi Toracici nei mari italiani. Archivio Botanico e Biogeografico Italiano, 14 (4), 168-186.
Relini, G., Montanari, M., 1973. Introduzione di specie marine attraverso le navi. p. 263-280. In: Atti del III Simposio Nazionale sulla Conservazione della Natura, Bari.
Relini, G., Bertrand, J., Zamboni, A., 1999. SYNDEM Synthesis of the knowledge on Bottom Fishery Resources in Central Mediterranean (Italy and Corsica). Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 6 (Suppl.), 1-869.
Ricordi, P., 1993. Segnalazione di Pinctada radiata (Leach, 1814) per il Tirreno meridionale. Notiziario S.I.M., 11, 41-42.
Riedl, R., 1966. Biologie der Meereshöhlen. Parey P., Hamburg, 636 pp.
Riera, F., Grau, A.M., Pastor, E., Pou, S., 1995. Faunistical and demographical observations in balearic ichthyofauna. Meridionalization or subtropicalization phenomena. Act Coll Sci OKEANOS 95: La Méditerranée: variabilités climatiques, environnement et biodiversité, pp. 213–220. Montpellier 6-7 April 1995.
Rinaldi, A., 2012. Atlante della fauna e flora marina dell’Adriatico nord-occidentale. La Mandragora (Ed.), Imola, 639 pp.
Rinaldi, A., 2017. Atlante della fauna e flora marina dell’Adriatico nord-occidentale. La Mandragora (Ed.), Imola, 718 pp.
Rossi, L., 1961. Idroidi viventi sulle scogliere del promontorio di Portofino (Golfo di Genova). Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova, 72, 69-85.
Rullier, F., 1955. Quelques stations nouvelles de Mercierella enigmatica Fauvel sur le littoral méditerranéen, aux environs de Marseille et sur la côte italienne. Vie Milieu, 6, 74-82.
Scorrano, S., Aglieri, G., Boero, F., Dawson, M.N., Piraino, S., 2017. Unmasking Aurelia species in the Mediterranean Sea: an integrative morphometric and molecular approach. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 180 (2), 243-267.
Scuderi, D., Terlizzi, A., 2012. Manuale di malacologia dell'Alto Jonio. Edizioni Grifo, 188 pp.
Scuderi, D., Eernisse, D.J., 2016. A new alien limpet for the Mediterranean: Lottia sp. (Patellogastropoda Lottiidae). Biodiversity Journal, 7 (2), 287-293.
Servello, G., Crocetta, F., 2016. First record of living specimens of Anadara transversa in the Gulf of Naples (Italy). In: New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (July 2016). Dailianis, T., Akyol O., Babali, N., Bariche, M., Crocetta, F. et al., Mediterranean Marine Science, 17 (2), 608-626.
Simonini, R., Massamba-N'Siala, G., Grandi, V., Prevedelli, D., 2009. Distribution of the genus Ophryotrocha (Polychaeta) in Italy: new records and comments on the biogeography of Mediterranean species. Vie et milieu, 59 (1), 79-88.
Somaschini, A., 1988. Policheti della biocenosi ad alghe fotofile (facies a Corallina elongata) nel Lazio settentrionale. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie Serie B, 95, 83-94.
Sperone, E., Giglio, G., Abate, M., Giglio, S., Madeo, E. et al., 2015. Contribution to the knowledge of the animal xenodiversity along Calabrian coasts (southern Italy, central Mediterranean). Acta Adriatica, 56 (2), 245-257.
Stasolla, G., Riolo, F., Macali, A., Pierri, C., Crocetta, F., 2014. Further spreading in the Italian seas of already established non-indigenous mollusc species. Marine Biodiversity Records, 7, e120.
Stiasny, G., 1908. Beobachtungen über die marine Fauna des Triester Golfes im Jahre 1907. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 32, 748-752.
Streftaris, N., Zenetos, A., 2006. Alien marine species in the Mediterranean–the 100 ‘worst invasives’ and their impact. Mediterranean Marine Science, 7 (1), 87-118.
Tagliapietra, D., Keppel, E., Sigovini, M., Lambert, G., 2012. First record of the colonial ascidian Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002 in the Mediterranean: Lagoon of Venice (Italy). BioInvasions Records, 1 (4), 247-254.
Tardent, P., 1959. Capture d'un Abudefduf saxatilis vaigiensis Q. und G. (Pisces, Pomacentridae) dans le Golfe de Naples. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 66, 347-351.
Tiralongo, F., 2016. First Italian record of Charybdis (Charybdis) feriata (Linnaeus, 1758). In: New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (March 2016), Karachle, P.K., Angelidis, A., Apostolopoulos, G., Ayas, D., Ballesteros, M. et al., Mediterranean Marine Science, 17 (1), 230-252.
Tiralongo, F., Lipari, R., Mancini, E., 2018. A new exotic fish for the Mediterranean Sea: Chaetodon auriga Forsskål, 1775 (Perciformes: Chaetodontidae). Mediterranean Marine Science, 19 (3), 491-493.
Torchio, M., 1967. Il Callinectes sapidus Rathbun nelle acque siciliane (Crustacea, Decapoda). Natura, 58, 81.
Torchio, M., 1969. Minacce per l’ittiofauna mediterranea: le forme esotiche. Atti della Società Italiana di scienze naturali, 109 (1), 91-96.
Tortonese, E., 1965. La comparsa di Callinectes sapidus Rath. (Decapoda, Brachyura) nel Mar Ligure. Doriana, supplemento agli Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova, 4 (165), 1-3.
Trainito E., 2004. Atlante di flora e fauna del Mediterraneo. Il Castello (Eds), 336 pp.
Trainito E., Baldacconi, R., 2014. Atlante di flora e fauna del Mediterraneo. Il Castello (Eds), 432 pp.
Trono, D., 2006. Nuovi dati sulla malacofauna del Salento (Puglia meridionale). Bollettino Malacologico, 42 (5-8), 58-84.
Tsiamis, K., Zenetos, A., Gervasini, E., Cardoso, A.C., 2018. Assessing the origin of the European marine alien species. Aquatic Invasions 13 (2), 187-198.
Turano, F., Neto, G., 2001. Sott’acqua in Mediterraneo. Flora e fauna degli ambienti sommersi. SSI Italia (Ed.), 258 pp.
Turolla, E., 1999. Nuovi ospiti per la sacca di Goro. Laguna, 4, 32-35.
Turolla, E., 2006. Considerazioni sul ritrovamento di esemplari adulti di Mercenaria mercenaria (Linnaeus, 1758) in due lagune del Delta del Po. Bollettino Malacologico, 42, 1-4.
Turolla, E., 2007. Atlante dai Bivalvi dei mercati italiani. Grafiche Adriatica, 95 pp.
Turolla, E., 2008. L’allevamento della vongola verace nel Delta del Po. Grafiche Adriatica, Taglio di Po, 111 pp.
Ulman, A., 2016. Alien Ascidian Taxonomy and Identification Training. Cost Action Alien Challenge, Universidad de Alicante, 05-20 November 2016.
Ulman, A., Ferrario, J., Occhpinti-Ambrogi, A., Arvanitidis, C., Bandi, A. et al., 2017. A massive update of non-indigenous species records in Mediterranean marinas. Peer J, 5, e3954.
Vacchi, M., Chiantore, M.C., 2000. Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825): a tropical damselfish in Mediterranean Sea. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 7 (1), 841-843.
Vacchi, M., Psomadakis, P.N., Repetto, N., Würtz, M., 2010. First record of the dog snapper Lutjanus jocu in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Fish Biology, 76 (3), 723-728.
Vidjak, O., Bojanić, N., de Olazabal, A., Benzi, M., Brautović, I. et al., 2018. Zooplankton in Adriatic port environments: Indigenous communities and non-indigenous species. Marine Pollution Bulletin. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.06.055
Vitousek, P.M., D’Antonio, C.M., Loope, L.L., Westbrooks, R., 1996. Biological invasions as global environmental change. American Scientist, 84, 468-478.
Weinmann, A.E., Rödder, D., Lötters, S., Langer, M.R., 2013a. Heading for New Shores: Projecting Marine Distribution Ranges of Selected Larger Foraminifera. PLoS ONE, 8 (4), e62182.
Weinmann, A.E., Rödder, D., Lötters, S., Langer, M.R., 2013b. Traveling through time: the past, present and future biogeographic range of the invasive foraminifera Amphistegina spp. in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 42, 234-244.
Zaniolo, G., Manni, L., Burighel, P., 1993. Ovulation and embryo-parent relationship in Botrylloides aff. violaceus (Tunicata). XXXIX Annual Meeting of the Italian Embryology Group. Abstracts, 2 (2), 139.
Zava, B., Insacco, G., Galil, B.S., 2018. The first record of the brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus Ives, 1891 in the central Adriatic coast of Italy. BioInvasions Records, 7 (3), 293-296.
Zenetos, A., 2010. Trend in aliens species in the Mediterranean. An answer to Galil, 2009 «Taking stock: inventory of alien species in the Mediterranean Sea». Biological Invasions, 12, 3379-3381.
Zenetos, A., 2017. Progress in Mediterranean bioinvasions two years after the Suez Canal enlargement. Acta Adriatica, 58 (2), 347-358.
Zenetos, A., Gofas, S., Verlaque, M., Çinar, M., Garcia Raso, J. et al., 2010. Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science, 11 (2), 381-493.
Zenetos, A., Gofas, S., Morri, C., Rosso, A., Violanti, D. et al., 2012. Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2012. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part 2. Introduction trends and pathways. Mediterranean Marine Science, 13 (2), 328-352.
Zenetos, A., Çinar, M.E., Crocetta, F., Golani, D., Rosso, A. et al., 2017. Uncertainties and validation of alien species catalogues: The Mediterranean as an example. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 191, 171-187.
Most read articles by the same author(s)