“New Alien Mediterranean Biodiversity Records” (March 2021)

Published: Mar 26, 2021

This article includes twenty (20) new records of alien and cryptogenic species in the Mediterranean Sea, belonging to six (6) Phyla (Rhodophyta, Tracheophyta, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Bryozoa, and Chordata) distributed from the Eastern Mediterranean to the Sea of Alboran. The records are reported from nine (9) countries and can be classified into two categories: new records for the Mediterranean Sea and new records of non-indigenous species expanding within the Mediterranean Sea. The first category includes the gastropod Turbo radiatus from Lebanon coasts, the portunid crab Charybdis (Charybdis) natator from Tunis southern lagoon, the mollusc Thuridilla mazda from South Spain, and the nudibranch Okenia picoensis from the Alboran coasts of Spain and from Malta. The second category includes the bivalve Nudiscintilla cf. glabra from the Aegean coast of Turkey, the rhodophyte Colaconema codicola from the North Aegean coasts of Greece, the naked band gaper Champsodon nudivittis from the Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Also, the brachyuran Gonioinfradens giardi from the Greek Ionian waters, the codlet Bregmaceros nectabanus from the Croatian coasts of the Adriatic Sea, and the bryozoan Arbopercula tenella and copepod Parvocalanus crassirostris both from the Gulf of Trieste, Slovenian and Italian coasts, respectively. New records were also reported for the ascidian Distaplia bermudensis from brackish the Gulf of Naples, Italy, the damselfish Abudefduf cf. saxatilis and the seagrass Halophila stipulacea from Sardinia, Tyrrhenian Sea, and for the fish Paranthias furcifer from the harbour of Almeria, Alboran Sea, Spain. Through these records, an understanding of the expanding mechanisms and processes and, if possible, the development of mitigation measures within the region will be further facilitated.

Article Details
  • How to Cite
  • ORFANIDIS, S., ALVITO, A., AZZURRO, E., BADREDDINE, A., BEN SOUISSI, J., CHAMORRO, M., CROCETTA, F., DALYAN, C., FORTIČ, A., GALANTI, L., GEYRAN, K., GHANEM, R., GORUPPI, A., GRECH, D., KATSANEVAKIS, S., MADRENAS, E., MASTROTOTARO, F., MONTESANTO, F., PAVIČIĆ, M., PICA, D., POLA, L., PONTES, M., RAGKOUSIS, M., ROSSO, A., SÁNCHEZ-TOCINO, L., TIERNO DE FIGUEROA, J. M., TIRALONGO, F., TIRELLI, V., TSIOLI, S., TUNÇER, S., VRDOLJAK, D., VULETIN, V., ZAOUALI, J., & ZENETOS, A. (2021). “New Alien Mediterranean Biodiversity Records” (March 2021). Mediterranean Marine Science, 22(1), 180–198. https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.25294
  • Section
  • Collective Article A
Download data is not yet available.
Albano, P.G., Steger, J., Bošnjak, M., Dunne, B., Guifarro, Z. et al., 2021a. Native biodiversity collapse in the eastern Mediterranean. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 288 (1942), 20202469.
Albano P.G., Steger J., Bakker P.A.J., Bogi C., Bošnjak M. et al., 2021b. Numerous new records of tropical non-indigenous species in the Eastern Mediterranean highlight the challenges of their recognition and identification. Zookeys, 1010, 1-95.
Alf, A., Kreipl , K., 2003. A Conchological Iconography. Family Turbinidae. Subfamily Turbininae, Genus Turbo. Conch- Books, Hackenheim, Germany, 78 pp., 95 pl.
Apel, M., Spiridonov, V.A., 1998. Taxonomy and zoogeography of the portunid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) of the Arabian Gulf and the adjacent waters. Fauna of Arabia, 17, 159-331.
Azzurro, E., Broglio, E., Maynou, F., Bariche, M., 2013. Citizen science detects the undetected: The case of Abudefduf saxatilis from the Mediterranean Sea. Management of Biological Invasions, 4, 167-170.
Bianchi, C.N., Morri, C., Chiantore, M., Montefalcone, M., Parravicini, V. et al., 2012. Mediterranean Sea biodiversity between the legacy from the past and a future of change. In: Life in the Mediterranean Sea: A Look at Habitat Changes. Stambler, N. (Ed.), Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp. 1-55.
Bosch, D., Bosch, E., 1989. Seashells of southern Arabia. Motivate Publishing, United Arab Emirates, 123 pp.
Brunetti, R., Mastrototaro, F., 2017. Ascidiacea of the European waters. Milan, Edagricole New Business Media II, 447 pp.
Carmona, L., Malaquias, M.A.E., Gosliner, T.M., Pola, M., Cervera, J.L., 2011. Amphi-Atlantic distributions and cryptic species in sacoglossan sea slugs. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77 (4), 401-412.
Cecere, E., Portacci, G., Petrocelli, A., 2016. Alien seaweeds as indicators of environmental impact: the case of the Phlegrean Lakes Fusaro and Miseno (Gulf of Naples, Tyrrhenian Sea). Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 23 (1), 106.
Chartosia, N., Anastasiadis, D., Bazairi, H., Crocetta, F., Deidun, A. et al., 2018. New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (July 2018). Mediterranean Marine Science, 19 (2), 398-415.
Çiçek, E., Bilecenoglu, M., 2009. A new alien fish in the Mediterranean Sea: Champsodon nudivittis (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Champsodontidae). Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 39, 67-69.
Cirik, S., Zeybek, N., Aysel, V., 1990. Note preliminaire sur le vegetation marine de l’ile de Gokceada (mer Egee Nord, Turquie). Thalassographica, 13, 33-37.
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Alongi, G., 2017. Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bullettin of the Gioenia Academy of Natural Sciences of Catania, 50 (380), FP1-FP391.
Corsini-Foka, M., Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A., Kondylatos, G., Kalogirou, S., 2010. Gonioinfradens paucidentatus (A. Milne Edwards, 1861) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Portunidae): a new alien crab in the Mediterranean Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 11 (2), 331-340.
Crocetta, F., Bitar, G., Zibrowius, H., Oliverio, M., 2020. Increase in knowledge of the marine gastropod fauna of Lebanon since the 19th century. Bulletin of Marine Science, 96 (1), 1-22.
Dalyan, C., Gonulal, O., Kesici, N.B., Yapici, S., 2021. The northernmost record of Champsodon nudivittis (Ogilby, 1895) in the Mediterranean Sea. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 36, 85-88.
Dragičević, B., Fricke, R., Ben Soussi, J., Ugarković, P., Dulčić, J. et al., 2021. On the occurrence of Abudefduf spp. (Pisces: Pomacentridae) in the Mediterranean Sea: a critical review with new records. BioInvasions Records, 10, (1), 188-199.
Dulčić, J., Bello, G., Dragičević, B., 2020. Bregmaceros nectabanus Whitley, 1941 (Teleostei: Bregmacerotidae), a new Lessepsian migrant in the Adriatic Sea. BioInvasions Records, 9 (4), 808-813. EC, 2008.
Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive). Official Journal of the European Union, L164, 19-40.
EU, 2014. Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species. Official Journal of the European Union, L315, 35-55.
Ferrario, J., Rosso, A., Marchini, A., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., 2018. Mediterranean non‑indigenous bryozoans: an update and knowledge gaps. Biodiversity and Conservation, 27, 2783-2794. Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W., Fong, J., 2020. CAS - Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes - Genera/Species by Family/Subfamily. Available at: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/ research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp (Accessed 1 December 2020).
Fritsch, C., 1895. Über die Auffindung einer marinen Hydrocharidee im Mittelmeer. Verhandllungen der kaiserlichkongiglichen zoologish-botanishen Gesellschaft in Wien, 45, 104-106.
Froese, F., Pauly, D., 2020. Fish Base. http://www.fishbase.org (Accessed 29 December 2020). Froglia, C., 2012. First record of Charybdis japonica (Crustacea: Decapoda: Portunidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity Records, 5, e33.
Galil, B.S., Douek, J., Gevili, R., Goren, M., Yudkovsky, Y. et al., 2018. The resurrection of Charybdis (Gonioinfradens) giardi (Nobili, 1905), newly recorded from the SE Mediterranean Sea. Zootaxa, 4370, 580-590.
Georgiou, D., Alexandre, A., Luis, J., Santos, R., 2016. Temperature is not a limiting factor for the expansion of Halophila stipulacea throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 544, 159-167.
Grilli, F., Accoroni, S., Acri, F., Aubry, F.B., Bergami, C. et al., 2020. Seasonal and Interannual Trends of Oceanographic Parameters over 40 Years in the Northern Adriatic Sea in Relation to Nutrient Loadings Using the EMODnet Chemistry Data Portal. Water, 12, 2280.
Harold, A.S., Golani, D., 2016. Occurrence of the Smallscale Codlet, Bregmaceros nectabanus in the Mediterranean Sea, previously misidentified as B. atlanticus in this region. Marine Biodiversity Records, 9 (1), 1-7.
Heemstra, P., Randall, J.E., 1993. Groupers of the World. FAO Species Catalogue, Rome, 382 pp.
Heiman, E.L., Holtzer, E., Mienis, H.K., Singer, B.S., 2012. Shells of East Sinai, an illustrated list. Turbinidae. Triton, 25, 6-7.
Kalogirou, S., Corsini-Foka, M., 2012. First record of the Indo- Pacific Champsodon nudivittis (Ogilby, 1895) (Perciformes, Champsodontidae) in the Aegean waters (eastern Mediterranean Sea). BioInvasions Records, 1, 229-233.
Katsanevakis, S., Wallentinus, I., Zenetos, A., Leppäkoski, E., Çinar, M.E. et al., 2014. Impacts of invasive alien marine species on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a pan-European review. Aquatic Invasions, 9 (4), 391-423.
Katsanevakis, S., Tempera, F., Teixeira, H., 2016. Mapping the impact of alien species on marine ecosystems: the Mediterranean Sea case study. Diversity and Distributions, 22, 694-707. Korpinen, S.,
Klančnik, K., Peterlin, M., Nurmi, M., Laamanen, L. et al., 2019, Multiple pressures and their combined effects in Europe’s seas. ETC/ICM Technical Report 4/2019: European Topic Centre on Inland, Coastal and Marine waters, 164 pp.
Kondylatos, G., Kampouris, T., Kouloumperis, V., Corsini-Foka, M., 2017. The Indo-Pacific brachyuran Charybdis (Gonioinfradens) paucidentatus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1861) (Brachyura, Portunidae) in the Cyclades, Aegean Sea. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 41, 1118-1120.
Kondylatos, G., Crocetta, F., Corsini-Foka, M., Froglia, C., 2020. Crustacea Decapoda from the Rhodes Island Area (Eastern Mediterranean): New Records and an Updated Checklist. Diversity, 12 (6), 246.
Lüning, K., 1990. Seaweeds: their environment, biogeography, and ecophysiology. John Wiley & Sons, Canada.
Lützen, J., Nielsen, C., 2005. Galeommatid bivalves from Phuket, Thailand. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 144 (3), 261-308.
Mačić, V., Albano, P.G., Almpanidou, V., Claudet, J., Corrales, X. et al., 2018. Biological invasions in conservation planning: a global systematic review. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5 (178), 1-13.
Malaquias, M., Calado, G., Cruz, J., Jensen, K., 2012. On the occurrence of the Caribbean sea slug Thuridilla mazda in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Marine Biodiversity Records, 5, e50.
Mannino, A.M., Balistreri, P., Deidun, A., 2017. The marine biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea in a changing climate: the impact of biological invasions, in Mediterranean Identities. In: Environment, Society, Culture. Fuerst-Bjelis, B. (Ed.). London, Intech, 101-112.
Mastrototaro, F., Brunetti, R., 2006. The non-indigenous ascidian Distaplia bermudensis in the Mediterranean: comparison with the native species Distaplia magnilarva and Distaplia lucillae sp. nov. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86 (1), 181.
Mastrototaro, F., Montesanto, F., Salonna, M., Grieco, F., Trainito, E. et al., 2019. Hitch-hikers of the sea: concurrent morphological and molecular identification of Symplegma brakenhielmi (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) in the western Mediterranean Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 20 (1), 197-207.
MedECC, 2020. Climate and Environmental Change in the Mediterranean Basin – Current Situation and Risks for the Future. First Mediterranean Assessment Report. [Cramer, W., Guiot, J., Marini, K. (Eds.)], Union for the Mediterranean, Plan Bleu, UNEP/MAP, Marseille, France, 600 pp.
Mifsud, C., Ovalis P., 2012. A galeommatid bivalve new to the Mediterranean Sea. Triton, 26, 6-8. Moro, L., Ortea, J., Bacallado, J.J., 2016. Nuevas citas y nuevos datos anatómicos de las babosas marinas (Mollusca: Heterobranchia) de las islas Canarias y su entorno. Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias, 28, 9-52.
Nguyen, H.M., Yadav, N.S, Barak, S., Lima, F.P, Sapir, Y. et al., 2020. Responses of invasive and native populations of the seagrass Halophila stipulacea to simulated climate change. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 812.
Orfanidis, S., 1991. Temperature responses and distribution of macroalgae belonging to the warm-temperate Mediterranean- Atlantic distribution group. Botanica Marina, 34, 541-552.
Orfanidis, S., Venekamp, L.A.H., Breeman, A.M., 1999. Ecophysiological adaptations of two Mediterranean red algae in relation to distribution. European Journal of Phycology, 34, 469-476.
Orlando-Bonaca, M., Lipej, L., Bonanno, G., 2019. Non-indigenous macrophytes in Adriatic ports and transitional waters: Trends, taxonomy, introduction vectors, pathways and management. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 145, 656-672.
Ortea, J., Buske, Y., 2014. Una nueva especie de Thuridilla Bergh, 1872 (Mollusca: Sacoglossa) de la isla de Martinica, Antillas Menores. Revista de la Real Academia Canaria de Ciencias, 26, 189-194.
Ortea, J., Espinosa, J., 2000a. New species of the genus Okenia Menke, 1830 (Mollusca Nudibranchia) from Cuba. Avicennia, 12 (13), 84-86.
Ortea, J., Espinosa, J., 2000b. New species of the genus Thuridilla Bergh, 1872 (Mollusca: Sacoglossa) from Cuba and Costa Rica. Avicennia, 12 (13), 87-90.
Ortea, J., Moro, L., Bacallado, J.J., 2015. Babosas marinas canarias. Turquesa Ediciones, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 138 pp.
Ӧzgul, A., Akyol, O., 2017. On the occurrence of the smallscale codlet, Bregmaceros nectabanus (Bregmacerotidae), off the Urla Coast in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea, Eastern Mediterranean), Annales, Series Historia Naturalis, 27 (1), 69-74.
Paz-Sedano, S., Ortigosa, D., Pola, M., 2017. A new Okenia Menke, 1830 from the Azores Islands, Portugal. Spixiana, 40 (1), 13-22. Pola, M., 2015. The Identity of Okenia zoobotryon (Smallwood, 1910) (Nudibranchia: Goniodorididae): Redescription and Proposed Designation of a Neotype. American Malacological Bulletin, 33 (1), 1-6.
Pola, M., Paz-Sedano, S., Macali, A., Minchin, D., Marchini, A. et al., 2019. What is really out there? Review of the genus Okenia Menke, 1830 (Nudibranchia: Goniodorididae) in the Mediterranean Sea with description of two new species. PLoS ONE, 14 (5), e0215037.
Ragkousis, M., Abdelali., M., Azzurro, E., Badreddine, A., Bariche, M. et al., 2020. New Alien Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (October 2020). Mediterranean Marine Science, 21 (3), 631-652.
Raitsos, D. E., Beaugrand, G., Georgopoulos, D., Zenetos, A., Pancucci-Papadopoulou, A. M. et al., 2010. Global climate change amplifies the entry of tropical species into the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 55 (4), 1478-1484.
Razouls, C., Desreumaux, N., Kouwenberg, J., de Bovée, F., 2005-2020. Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at http://copepodes. obs-banyuls.fr/en [Accessed November 02, 2020].
Ribotti, A., Puillat, I., Sorgente, R., Natale, S., 2004. Mesoscale circulation in the surface layer off the southern and western Sardinia island in 2000-2002. Chemical Ecology, 20 (5), 345-363. Rosso, A., 1994. Segnalazione di Electra tenella (Hincks) (Bryozoa) lungo le coste sud-orientali della Sicilia. Bollettino dell’ Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, 27 (346), 241-251.
Sakai, T., 1976. Crabs of Japan and the Adjacent Seas. Kodansha Ltd, Tokyo, 773 pp. Smith C.L., 1971. A revision of the American Groupers: Epinephelus and allied genera. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 146, 241 pp.
Stern, N., Gouws, G., Golani, D., Goren, M., Gon, O., 2020. Champsodontidae (Pisces: Trachinoidei) in the Eastern Mediterranean: how many species are there? Journal of Natural History, 53, (47-48), 2869-2881.
Sumpton, W.D., 1990. Morphometric growth and fisheries biology of the crab, Charybdis natator (Herbst) in Moreton Bay, Australia (Decapoda, Brachyura). Crustaceana, 59, 113-120.
Tardent, P., 1959. Capture d’un Abudefduf saxatilis vaigiensis Q. und G. (Pisces, Pomacentridae) dans le Golfe de Naples. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 66, 347-351.
Thessalou-Legaki, M., Aydogan, Ö., Bekas, P., Bilge, G., Boyaci, Y.O. et al., 2012. New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (December 2012), Mediterranean Marine Science, 13 (2), 312-327.
Thiel, M., Gutow, L., 2005. The ecology of rafting in the marine environment. II. The rafting organisms and community. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 43, 279-418.
Tsiamis, K. Panayotidis, P., 2019. Seaweeds of the Greek coasts: Rhodophyta excluding Ceramiales. Acta Adriatica: international journal of Marine Sciences, 60 (1), 3-23.
Tsiamis, K., Azzurro, E., Bariche, M., Çinar, M.E., Crocetta, F. et al., 2020. Prioritizing marine invasive alien species in the European Union through horizon scanning. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 30 (4), 794-845.
Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F., Boudouresque, C.F., 2015. CIESM Atlas of exotic species. 4. Macrophytes. CIESM Publisher, Monaco, 362 pp.
Vidjak, O., Bojanić, N., Ninčević Gladan, Ž., Skejić, S., Grbec, B., 2016. First record of small tropical calanoid copepod Parvocalanus crassirostris (Copepoda, Calanoida, Paracalanidae) in the Adriatic Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 17 (3), 627-633.
Vidjak, O., Bojanić, N., de Olazabal, A., Benzi, M., Brautović, I. et al., 2019. Zooplankton in Adriatic port environments: Indigenous communities and non-indigenous species. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 147, 133-149.
Wee, D.P.C., Ng, P.K.L., 1995. Swimming crabs of the genera Charybdis de Haan, 1833, and Thalamita Latreille, 1829 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) from Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 1, 1-128.
Winters, G., Beer, S, Willette, D.A., Viana, I.G., Chiquillo, K.L. et al., 2020. The tropical seagrass Halophila stipulacea: reviewing what we know from its native and invasive habitats, alongside identifying knowledge gaps. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, 300.
Yaglıoglu, D., Deniz, T., Erguden, E., Gurlek, M., Turan, C., 2014. Age and growth of the nakedband gaper, Champsodon nudivittis (Ogilby, 1895), from the Iskenderun Bay, Northeastern Mediterranean. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 55, 347-351.
Zenetos, Α., Galanidi, Μ., 2020. Mediterranean non indigenous species at the start of the 2020s: recent changes. Marine Biodiversity Records, 13, 10.
Zenetos, A., Miliou, A., 2020. Abudefduf cf. saxatilis in the Saronikos Gulf. Unaided introduction or human aided transfer? Annales, Series Historia Naturalis, 30 (2), 227-230.
Zenetos, A., Ovalis, P., Giakoumi, S., Kontadakis, C., Lefkaditou, E. et al., 2020a. Saronikos Gulf: a hotspot area for alien species in the Mediterranean Sea. BioInvasions Records, 9 (4), 873-889.
Zenetos, A., Karachle, P.K., Corsini-Foka, M., Gerovasileiou, V., Simboura, N. et al., 2020b. Is the trend in new introductions of marine non-indigenous species a reliable criterion for assessing good environmental status? Τhe case study of Greece. Mediterranean Marine Science, 21 (3), 775-793.
Most read articles by the same author(s)