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“New Alien Mediterranean Biodiversity Records” (November 2021)

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FABIO CROCETTA, SARA A.A. AL MABRUK, ERNESTO AZZURRO, RIGERS BAKIU, MICHEL BARICHE, IOANNIS E. BATJAKAS, TAREK BEJAOUI, JAMILA BEN SOUISSI, JUSTIN CAUCHI, MARIA CORSINI-FOKA, ALAN DEIDUN, JULIAN EVANS, JOHANN GALDIES, RAOUIA GHANEM, THODOROS E. KAMPOURIS, STELIOS KATSANEVAKIS, GERASIMOS KONDYLATOS, LOVRENC LIPEJ, ANDREA LOMBARDO, GIULIANA MARLETTA, ENEID MEJDANI, SAVVAS NIKOLIDAKIS, PANAYOTIS OVALIS, LOTFI RABAOUI, MICHAIL RAGKOUSIS, MANJA ROGELJA, JOELLE SAKR, IOANNIS SAVVA, VALENTINA TANDUO, CEMAL TURAN, ALI UYAN, ARGYRO ZENETOS
FABIO CROCETTA, SARA A.A. AL MABRUK, ERNESTO AZZURRO, RIGERS BAKIU, MICHEL BARICHE, IOANNIS E. BATJAKAS, TAREK BEJAOUI, JAMILA BEN SOUISSI, JUSTIN CAUCHI, MARIA CORSINI-FOKA, ALAN DEIDUN, JULIAN EVANS, JOHANN GALDIES, RAOUIA GHANEM, THODOROS E. KAMPOURIS, STELIOS KATSANEVAKIS, GERASIMOS KONDYLATOS, LOVRENC LIPEJ, ANDREA LOMBARDO, GIULIANA MARLETTA, ENEID MEJDANI, SAVVAS NIKOLIDAKIS, PANAYOTIS OVALIS, LOTFI RABAOUI, MICHAIL RAGKOUSIS, MANJA ROGELJA, JOELLE SAKR, IOANNIS SAVVA, VALENTINA TANDUO, CEMAL TURAN, ALI UYAN, ARGYRO ZENETOS

Abstract


This Collective Article includes records of 29 alien and cryptogenic species in the Mediterranean Sea, belonging to eight Phyla (Rhodophyta, Ochrophyta, Cnidaria, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, and Chordata) and coming from 11 countries. Notes published here can be divided into three different categories: occupancy estimation for wide areas, new records for the Mediterranean Sea, and new records of species expanding within the Mediterranean Sea. The first category includes a visual survey held along the coastline of Peloponnese (Greece), which yielded records of 15 species. The second category includes the first Mediterranean records of the Coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch (Greece) and of the Arabian monocle bream Scolopsis ghanam (Tunisia). The third category includes new records for countries (Ganonema farinosum in Malta, Cassiopea andromeda in Libya, Cingulina isseli in Greece, Okenia picoensis in Italy, Callinectes sapidus in Slovenia, Charybdis cf. hellerii in Malta, Urocaridella pulchella in Cyprus, Ablennes hians and Aluterus monoceros in Lebanon, and Fistularia petimba in Greece and Lebanon), new records for MSFD areas or regional seas (Septifer cumingii in the Greek Ionian Sea and F. petimba in the Marmara Sea), and confirmation of old, doubtful, or spurious records/statements (Branchiomma luctuosum in Tunisia, Thalamita poissonii in the Saronikos Gulf, and Pterois miles in Albania). Noteworthy, the three new records of F. petimba suggest that it may soon spread further in the Mediterranean Sea, as already happened for its congeneric Fistularia commersonii. Distributional data reported here will help tracing colonization routes of alien species in the basin and may facilitate the development of mitigation measures.


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