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Vaccination against COVID-19 during quarantine period: information sources and vaccination beliefs as predictors


Published: Feb 5, 2022
Keywords:
anticipated regret conspiracy theories mass media social norms vaccine beliefs vaccine intention
Ανθή Αργυρούδη
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3134-866X
Αντώνης Γαρδικιώτης
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5009-6002
Abstract

The present study explores people’s intention to get vaccinated against COVID-19 during the quarantine of the first wave of the pandemic. It focuses on variables predicting vaccination intention, such as, use of and trust in sources of information, deriving from the field of health communication, and participants’ beliefs (about vaccination, conspiracy theories, anticipated regret, and perceived social norms), deriving from psychological research. 325 participants (Mage = 41.58 years) responded to an online survey and 53.9% of them reported that they wouldn’t get vaccinated or they would be hesitant about it. Positive beliefs towards the vaccines, anticipated regret, and perceived social norms, were positively related with vaccination intention, while conspiracy and negative beliefs towards the vaccines negatively. Vaccination intention was positively related with official and scientific sources of information about COVID-19. These latter sources of information were also trusted by the participants. Social media were more frequently used as sources of information as compared to traditional media, although they were less trusted. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that participants’ beliefs predicted vaccination intention over and above the sources of information. Conclusively, in order to increase people’s intention to get vaccinated, communication campaigns should stress the importance of valid information, the debunking of conspiracy theories and negative beliefs and the use of official and scientific sources of information.

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