| More

RUINS AS TROPES OF MODERNITY

Views: 94 Downloads: 28
Dragoş GHEORGHIU
Dragoş GHEORGHIU

Abstract


Ruins were a fascinating subject for the last half-millennium culture in Europe. Their rhetoric structure, determined by the work of Nature-Time upon materials, stimulated the arts and architecture between the Middle Ages and Post-Modernism. The paper discussed the analogy between the human body and architecture, together with the material tropes identified in iconography and illustrated with two iconic sites, Petra and Jerash. An example presented to show the use of the tropes of ruins in creating Modern Art is Constantin Brancusi’s monumental work for the World War’s I soldiers.

Keywords


Ruins, Rhetoric, Tropes, Nature, Time, Anthropomorphism, Brancusi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Augé, M., (2007). L’Architecture comme Illusion et comme Allusion. [The Architecture as Illusion and as Allusion]. Seminario «L’ Architettura e la Città nell’ Epoca della Globalizzazione », Laboratorio RISC, Incontro con Marc Augé, (9 Marzo 2007).

Bégin, R., and Habib, A. (2007). Présentation : Imaginaire des Ruines. [The Imaginary of the Ruins]. Protée, 35 (2): 5–6. http://doi:10.7202/017461ar

Borys, St., D., (2005). Documenting and Collecting Ruins in European Landscape Painting. In The Splendor of Ruins in French Landscape Painting, 1630-1800, edited by St., D., Borys, pp. 31-48. Ohio: Oberlin College.

Byron, G., (1812). Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. A Romaunt. London: John Murray.

Castañeda, Quetzil, E., (2017). In Search of Adventure: Simmel and Similar Travels Among Ruins. Anthropological Quarterly 90 (4), (Fall): 931-971.

Chateaubriand, F-R., (1966). Génie du christianisme. [The Genius of Christianity]. Paris: Garnier- Flammarion.

Chateaubriand, F-R. (1972). Mémoires d’Outre-tombe. [Memoirs from Beyond the Grave]. Paris: Ministère de l’Education Nationale.

Choay, Fr., (1992). Allégorie du Patrimoine. [The Invention of the Historic Monument]. Paris: Éd. du Seuil.

Colonna, F., (2005). Hypnerotomachia Poliphili. J., Godwin (trans). New York: Thames and Hudson.

DeSilvey, C., and Edensor, T., (2012). “Reckoning with Ruins.” Progress in Human Geography 37 (4): 465–485.

Dillon, B., (2012). Ruins (Documents of Contemporary Art). London: Whitechapel Gallery; Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Edgerton, S., (1975). The Renaissance Rediscovery of Linear Perspective. New York: Basic Books.

Fabricius Hansen, M., (2015). The Spolia Churches of Rome: Recycling Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Fabricius Hansen, M., (2016). Telling Time: Representations of Ruins in the Grotesques of Sixteenth-Century Italy. Journal of Aesthetics & Culture 8 (1): 30402. https://doi.org/10.3402/jac.v8.30402.

Gheorghiu, D., (1995a). Gates and columns in Brancusi’s anthropology. Annuaire Roumain d’ Anthropologie, 32.

Gheorghiu, D., (1995b). Eros-Thanatos: Religion and Rites of Passage in Brancusi’s Art. Revue Roumaine de l’ Histoire de l Art, XXXII.

Gheorghiu, D., (1996). Brancusi and Popular Othodoxy. Revue de l’ Historie des Religions, Presses Universitaires de France.

Gheorghiu, D., (2000). The Archaeology of Space: Ritual and Metaphor. In The Archaeology of Buildings, G. Malm (edit.). Oxford: Archaeopress, British Archaeological Reports.

Gheorghiu, D., (2003). Rhetoric and Design in Premodern Buildings.” In Archaeotecture. Archaeology of Architecture. X., Ayan Vila et al. (edit.). Oxford: Archaeopress, British Archaeological Reports.

Ginsberg, R., (2004). The Aesthetics of Ruins. New York: Rodophi B.V.

Greenblatt, S., (2011). The Swerve. How Renaissance Began. London: The Bodley Head.

Hadot, P., (2004). Le Voile d’Isis. Essai sur l’Histoire de l’Idée de la Nature. [The Veil of Isis: An Essay on the History of the Idea of Nature.] Paris: Gallimard.

Hancock, B., H., and Garner, R., (2014). Reflections on the Ruins of Athens and Rome: Derrida and Simmel on Temporality, Life and Death.

History of the Human Sciences 27: 77 originally published online 23 April 2014, http://doi.org/10.1177/0952695114529116.

Harris, J., (2017). Constantinople. Capital of Byzantium. London and New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, Bloomsbury Academic.

Hetzler, Fl., M., (1988). Causality: Ruin Time and Ruins. Leonardo 21 (1): 51-55.

Hetzler, Fl., M., (1982). The Aesthetics of Ruins: A New Category of Being. Journal of Aesthetic Education 16 (2) (Summer): 105-108.

Hui, A., (2017). The Poetics of Ruins in Renaissance Literature. New York: Fordham University Press.

Huyssen, A., (2006). Nostalgia for Ruins. Grey Room, No. 23 (Spring): 6-21.

Ingold, T., (2007). Materials Against Materiality. Archaeological Dialogues 14 (1): 1–16.

Kaderka, K., (ed.) (2011). Les Ruines Entre Destruction et Construction de l’Antiquité à nos Jours. [The Ruins Between Destruction and Construction of Antiquity in Our Days]. Rome: Campisano Editore.

Lacroix, S., (2008). Ruine. [Ruin]. Paris: Editions de la Vilette.

Lacroix, S., (2015). Ce que Disent les Ruines. La Fonction Critique des Ruines. [This, That the Ruins Say. The Critical Function of the Ruins]. Paris: L’ Harmattan, 5.

Light, D., and Watson, S., (2016). The Castle Imagined: Emotion and Affect in the Experience of Ruins. In Heritage, Affect and Emotion: Politics, Practices and Infrastructures, edited by D., P., Tolia-Kelly, E., Waterton and S., Watson, 154-178. London: Routledge.

Lowenthal, D., (1985). The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Macaulay, R., (1966). Pleasure of Ruins. New York: Walker and Company.

Maxwell, R., (2013). Ancient Wisdom and Modern Know-how. Learning to Live with Uncertainty. London: Artifice.

Merchant, C., (1980). The Death of Nature. Women, Ecology and the Scientific Revolution. San Francisco: Harper and Row.

Murchadha, F., O., (2002). Being as Ruination. Heidegger, Simmel, and the Phenomenology of Ruins. Philosophy Today, September Supplement: 10-18.

Nietzsche, F., (2008). The Birth of Tragedy. D., Smith (trans.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nochlin, L., (1994). The Body in Pieces. The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity. New York: Thames and Hudson.

Panofsky, E., (1924-1925). Die Perspective als “Symboliche Form”. [Perspective as Symbolic Form]. Leipzig-Berlin: Vorträge des Bibliothek Warburg.

Panofsky, E., (1946). Abbot Suger on the Abbey Church of Saint Denis and its art treasures. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Panofsky, E., (1960). Renaissance and Renascences in Western Art. Stockholm: Almquist and Wiksells.

Peregalli, R., (2010). Les Lieux et la poussière. Sur la beauté de l’imperfection. [The Premises and the Dust. About the Beauty of the Imperfection.] Paris: Arléa.

Renfrew, C., (2006). Figuring it out. The Parallel Vision of Artists and Archaeologists. London: Thames and Hudson.

Riegl, A., (1928). The Modern Cult of Monuments: Its Essence and Its Development. K., Brucker and K., Williams (trans.). In Gesammelte Aufsatze, 144-93. Augsberg, Vienna: Dr. Benno Filser Verlag.

Roth, M., S., Lyons, Cl., and Merewether, Ch., (eds.) (1997). Irresistible Decay: Ruins Reclaimed. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities.

Ruskin, J., (1849/1961). The Seven Lamps of Architecture. London: Allen & Unwin.

Schnapp, A., (2018). What Is a Ruin? The Western Definition. Know. A Journal on the formation of knowledge 2 (1) :155-173.

Schnapp, A., (2016). The Poetics of Ruins in Ancient Greece and Rome. In The Archaeology of Greece and Rome: Studies in Honour of Anthony

Snodgrass, edited by J. Bintliff and N. Keith Rutter, 382-401. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Schnapp, Alain. “What Is a Ruin? The Western Definition.” Know: A journal on the formation of knowledge 2, no.1 (2018): 155-173.

Serres, M., (2014). Statues. Le Second Livre des Fondations [Statues. The Later Book of the Foundations.] Paris: Flammarion.

Simmel, G., (1919). Die Ruine. [The Ruin]. In Philosophische Kultur, edited by G., Simmel, 125-133. Leipzig: Kröner.

Starkey, P., and Starkey, J., (eds.) (2020). Pious Pilgrims, Discerning Travelers, Curious Tourists: Changing Patterns of Travel to the Middle East from Medieval to Modern Times. Publications of the Association for the Study of Travel in Egypt and the Near East. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2020. ISBN 9781789697520.

Stoneman, R., (2010). Land of Lost Gods. The Search for Classical Greece. London: Tauris Parke Paperbacks.

Trigg, D., (2006). The Aesthetics of Decay: Nothingness, Nostalgia and the Absence of Reason. New York: Peter Lang.

Vitruvius. (1960). The Ten Books of Architecture. M., Hicky Morgan (trans.). New York: Dover.

Wittkower, R., (1971). Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism. New York: Northon Library.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 2732-6926