The tabanid fauna (Diptera: Tabanidae) of the Chirpan Eminences (Bulgaria)

Published: Jan 8, 2012
Bulgaria Chirpan Eminences dominance structure species composition taba-nids zoogeographical aspects
Diana Ganeva
Milena Kalmushka

 The study of the Chirpan Eminences tabanid fauna was completed by means of a route collection in 2008 and regular monthly collections from two localities during the active tabanid sea-sons in years 2010-2011. The research resulted in the capturing of 1202 tabanid specimens, 1124 of them were females and 78 males. Within this collected sample 24 species and subspecies from 8 genera were determined: Chrysops (2 species), Atylotus (1 species), Therioplectes (1 species and 1 subspecies), Hybomitra (3 species), Tabanus (12 species and 1 subspecies), Haematopota (1 species), Dasyrhamphis (1 species) and Philipomyia (1 species). On the basis of literary data and of the species identified in this research, it may be asserted that the tabanid fauna in the Chirpan Eminences is represented by 28 species. Thirteen of them were identified for the first time for this region. From a zoogeographical point of view, predominant for the tabanid fauna of the Chirpan Eminences are the elements of the Mediterranean subregional fauna (64.29 % of the species).

Article Details
  • Section
  • Articles
Download data is not yet available.
Asenov, А. 2006. Biogeography of Bulgaria. АN-DI, Sofia, 543 pp. [in Bulgarian].
Chvála M. 1988. Family Tabanidae. In: Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, Ed. by Soos A. and L. Papp, Vol. 5: 97-191, Akadémiai kiadó, Budapest.
Chvála, M., L. Lyneborg and J. Moucha. 1972. The Horse Flies of Europe (Diptera, Tabanidae). Entomological Society of Copenhagen. Copenhagen, 500 pp.
Drensky, P. 1929. Blood-sucking flies of fam. Tabanidae (obody) in Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Royal Institutes of Natural Sciences, Sofia, 2: 55-128. [in Bulgarian, German summary].
Evenhuis, N.L., T. Pape, A.C. Pont and F.C. Thompson. 2008. BioSystematic Database of World Diptera. http// Last accessed: 3 June 2008.
Ganeva, D. 2002. New localities of tabanids (Tabanidae, Diptera) in Bulgaria. In: Reports of the Scientific conference with an international participation “Stara Zagora 2002”, June 6-7, 2002, 3: 41-44. Trakia University Publ., Stara Zagora [in Bulgarian, English summary].
Ganeva, D. 2008. A contribution to the study of the Bulgarian tabanid fauna (Diptera, Tab-anidae). In: Proceedings of the Anniversary Scientific Conference of Ecology. Ed. by Velcheva I. and A. Tsekov, Plovdiv (Bulgaria), November 1st 2008, pp. 96-100.
Nedjalkov, N. 1912. Sixth contribution to entomological fauna of Bulgaria. J. Bulg. Acad. Sci. 2: 177-218. [in Bulgarian].
Olsufjev, N. 1977. Tabanidae. In: Fauna USSR, Nauka Publ., Leningrad, 7: 1-434. [in Russian].
Olsufjev, N. 1980. Typification of tabanid fauna and zoogeographical regions in the territory of the USSR. Contemporary problems of zoogeography: 81-115. [in Russian].
Skufin K. 1949. Ecology of tabanids in the Voronezh Region. Zool. J. 28: 145-156. [in Russian]. Last update 23 July 2012.