First record of Kermes echinatus on Quercus ilex

Published: Jan 8, 2013
Kermesidae morphology predator scale insect
G. J. Stathas
E. D. Kartsonas
P. J. Skouras

The scale insect Kermes echinatus Balachowsky (Hemiptera, Coccoidea, Kermesidae) was recorded on Quercus ilex in November 2012 in Kalamata and in December of the same year on the same host species in Athens. Quercus ilex is recorded for the first time as the host of this scale. This scale is first recorded in continental Greece. The population of the scale in both areas consisted mainly of first instar nymphs, whereas in Kalamata individuals of the scale in advanced developmental stages were recorded. Preliminary studies indicate that natural enemies are active against K. echinatus. Moultings of larvae and pupae and adults of Chilocorus bipustulatus L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) were found on colonies of the scale. Parasitoid exit holes were recorded on female adults of the scale. Some data on morphology and infestation of the scale on Q. ilex are given.

Article Details
  • Section
  • Articles
Download data is not yet available.
Argyriou, L.C. 1983. Faunal analysis of some scale insects in Greece. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium of Central European Entomofaunistics, Budapest, 15-20 August 1983, 364-367.
Balachowsky, A.S. 1953. Sur les Kermes Boitard (Hom. Coccoidea) des chênes du bassin oriental de la Méditerranée. Rev. de Pathol. Végét. et d'Entomol. Agric. De France 32: 181-189.
Ben-Dov, Y., D.R. Miller and G.A.P. Gibson. 2012. ScaleNet: a database of the scale insects of the World. Available in: (accessed 28.11.2012)
Hoy, J.M. 1963. A catalogue of the Eriococcidae (Homoptera: Coccoidea) of the world. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bull. 150: 1-260.
Kozár, F., S. Paloukis and N. Papadopoulos. 1991. New scale insects (Homoptera: Coccoidea) in the Greek entomofauna. Entomol. Hellen. 9: 63-68.
Pellizzari, G., F. Porcelli, G. Seljak and F. Kozár. 2011. Some additions to the Scale insect fauna (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of Crete with a check list of the species known from the island. J. Entomol. Acarol. Res., Ser.II, 43(3): 291-300.
Porcelli, F., S. Convertini and G. Pellizzari. 2013. Description of nymphal female instars and adult female of Kermes echinatus Balachowsky (Hemiptera, Coccoidea, Kermesidae). Zootaxa (in press).
Spodek, M. and Y. Ben-Dov. 2012. Morphology of the first-instar nymph and adult of Kermes echinatus Balachowsky, with a comparison to K. vermilio Planchon (Hemiptera, Coccoidea, Kermesidae). ZooKeys 246: 11-26.
Spodek, M., Y. Ben-Dov and A. Protasov, 2012. Taxonomy of Kermes greeni Bodenheimer (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Kermesidae) with a new synonymy. Zootaxa 3545: 67–75.
Most read articles by the same author(s)