| More

First record of the nesting whitefly, Paraleyrodes minei, in Greece

Views: 615 Downloads: 303
A. P. Kalaitzaki, A. E. Tsagkarakis, A. Ilias
A. P. Kalaitzaki, A. E. Tsagkarakis, A. Ilias


On late June 2015, the nesting whitefly Paraleyrodes minei Ιaccarino (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) was recorded for first time in Greece. Its occurrence was observed on leaves of sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] trees at Platanias, Chania, on the underside of which tiny white “nests” were observed, due to the woolly waxy material secreted by females, around themselves, as well as by the filamentous translucent wax rods extending from the dorsum of late nymphal instars. In our surveys P. minei was observed at low or moderate population densities. Information on its morphology, biology and present geographical distribution is provided.


Aleyrodidae; citrus; invasive species; polyphagous pest

Full Text:



Aguiar, A.M.F. and M.T. Pita 1966. Contribution the knowledge of the whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) from Madeira island. Bol. Mus. Mun. Funchal, Supl. 4: 285–309.

Argov, Y. 1994. The woolly whitefly, a new pest in Israel. Alon Hanotea 48: 290–292.

Argov, Y., N. Uygun, F. Porcelli and H. Baspinar. 2012. Aleyrodidae. In: Vacante, V. and U. Gerson (Eds.). Integrated Control of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. Bentham e-book. pp. 156–171.

Bellows, T.S., C. Meisenba and D.H. Headrick. 1998. Population ecology field biology of Paraleyrodes minei (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in southern California. Environ. Entomol. 27: 277–281.

[EPPO] European Plant Protection Organization. 2011. First report of Paraleyrodes minei in Italy. EPPO Reporting Service no. 07, 2011. Num. article: 2011/152.

[EPPO] European Plant Protection Organization. 2014. First report of Paraleyrodes minei in Cyprus. EPPO Reporting Service no. 11, 2014. Num. article: 2014/214.

Evans, G.A. 2007. The whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) of the world and their host plants and natural enemies. Version 2007-06-11, USDA/ Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), 703 pp. http://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/whitefly/PDF_PwP%20ETC/world-whitefly-catalog-Evans.pdf (Last accessed on 29 December 2015).

Garcia Garcia, E.J., C. Garijo Alba and S. Garcia Segua. 1992. Presenza de Paraleyrodes sp. pr. citri (Bondar, 1931) (Insecta:Hom.:Aleyr.) en los cultivos de citricos de la provincia de Malaga (sue de E spana): Aspectos biologicos y ecologicos de la plaga. Bol. Sanid. Veg., Plagas, 18: 3–9.

Ghahari, H., S. Abd-Rabour, J. Zahradnik and H. Ostovan. 2009. Annotated catalogue of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aleyrodidae) from Arasbaran, Northwestern Iran. J. Entomol. Nematol. 1: 7–18.

Hernández-Suárez, E., J.H. Martin, R.J. Gill, I.D. Bedford, C.P. Malumphy, J.A. Reyes Betancort and A. Carnero. 2012. The Aleyrodidae (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha) of the Canary Islands with special reference to Aleyrodes, Siphoninus, and the challenges of puparial morphology in Bemisia. Zootaxa 3212: 1–76.

Iaccarino, F.M. 1990. Descrizione di Paraleyrodes minei n. sp. (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae), nuovo aleirodide degli agrumi, in Siria. Boll. Lab. Entomol. Agrar. Filippo Silvestri, Portici 46: 131–149.

Iaccarino, F.M., R. Jesu and R. Giacometti. 2011. Paraleyrodes minei Iaccarino 1990 (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae), new specie for Italy, on Citrus aurantium L., 1758. J. Entomol. Acar. Res. Ser. II 43: 1–6.

Katsoyannos, P. 1996. Integrated Insect Pest Management for Citrus in Northern Mediterranean Countries. Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Athens, Greece, 110 pp.

Llorens, J.M. and A. Garrido. 1992. Homóptera III. Mosca blancas y sus controllo biológico. Pisa Ediciones, Alicante, 203 pp.

Longo, S. and C. Rapisarda. 2014. Spread of Paraleyrodes minei Iaccarino (nesting whitefly) in Italian citrus groves. EPPO Bull. 44: 529–533.

Martin, J.H. 1996. Neotropical whiteflies of the subfamily Aleurodicinae established in the western Palearctic (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). J. Nat. Hist. 30: 1849–1859.

Martin, J.H., D. Mifsud and C. Rapisarda. 2000. The whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) of Europe and the Mediterranean basin. Bull. Entomol. Res. 90: 407–448.

Martin, J.H. 2004. Whiteflies of Belize (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Part 1. Introduction and account of the subfamily Aleurodicinae Quaintance & Baker. Zootaxa 681: 1–199.

Mohammad, A. and R. Abboud. 2001. Study of morphology and biology for mineo-whitefly Paraleyrodes minei Iaccarino (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in Syria. Arab J. Plant Prot. 19: 125–130.

Tsagkarakou, A., C.S. Tsigenopoulos, K. Gorman, J. Lagnel and I.D. Bedford. 2007. Biotype status and genetic polymorphism of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Greece: mitochondrial DNA and microsatellites. Bull. Entomol. Res. 97: 29–40.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 A. P. Kalaitzaki, A. E. Tsagkarakis, A. Ilias