| More

Influence of the Leguminosae secondary substances on the ecology and biology of Bruchidae

Views: 118 Downloads: 134
D.C. Stamopoulos
D.C. Stamopoulos


Secondary substances of leguminous seeds, suggest themselves to be the main defense mechanisms against Bruchidae which also develop their own mechanisms to avoid and/or detoxify these compounds. These interactions between plants and insects through the secondary substances, lead to the appearance of divergent or convergent defence mechanisms at the plant level and to the specialist or generalist at the insect one. Among the most widespread secondary compounds in the Leguminosae, are the tannins, lignins, lectins, alkaloids, enzyme inhibitors, polysaccharides, non protein amino acids, toxic glycosides and miscellaneous toxins


Secondary plant substances; Leguminosae; Bruchidae; Tannins; Lectins; Alkaloids; Enzyme Inhibitors; Non protein amino acids; Toxic glycosides; Polysaccharides; Lignins; Plant-herbivore interactions; Plant defense systems

Full Text:



Applebaum, S.W. 1964. Physiological aspects of host specificity in the Bruchidae. I. General consideration of development compatibility. J. Ins. Physiol. 10:783-788.

Applebaum, S.W., S. Marco and Y. Birk. 1969. Saponins as possible factors of resistance of legume seeds. J. Agr. Food. Chem. 17,3: 618-622.

Applcbaum, S.W., U. Tadmor and H. Podoler. 1970. The effect of starch and of a polysaccharide fraction from Phaseolus vulgaris on development and fecundity of Callosobruchus chinensis (Col.: Bruchidae). Ent. Exp. & Appi. 13: 61-70.

Bell. E. A. 1978. Toxins in seeds. In Biochemical Aspects of Plant and Animal Co-cvolution (ed. by J.Β. Harborne), Acad. Press, pp. 143-161.

Bernays. E. 1978. Tannins: An alternative viewpoint. Ent. exp. & appi. 24: 44-53.

Boughdad, Α., Y. Gillon and C. Gagnepain. 1986. Influence des tannins condences du tégument de fèves ("Vicia faba) sur le développement larvaire de Callosobruchus maculatus. Entomol. exp. appi. 42: 125-132.

Center, T. and C. Johnson. 1974. Coevolution of some seed beetles (Colcoptcra: Bruchidae) and their hosts. Ecology 55: 1096-1103.

Fountain, D., D. Foard, W. Rcploglc and W. Yang. 1977. Lectin release by soybean seeds. Science 197: 1185- 1187.

Janzen. D.H. 1977a. The interaction of seed predators and seed chemistry. Coll. Int. C.N.R.S. 265: 415-428.

Janzen, D.H. 1977b. How southern cowpea weevil larvae (Bruchidae: Callosobruchus maculatus) die on nonhost seeds. Ecology 58: 921-927.

Janzen, D., H. Juster and I. Lienner. 1976. Insecticidal action of the phytohemagglutinine in black beans. Science 192: 795-796.

Janzen, D., H. Juster and E. Bell. 1977. Toxicity of secondary compounds to the seed -eating larvae of the bruchid beetle Callosobruchus maculatus. Phytochemistry 16: 223-227.

Johnson, C and C. Slobodchikoff. 1979. Coevolution of Cassia (Leguminosae) and its seed beetle predators Bruchidae. Environ. Entomol. 8: 1059-1064.

Labeyric, V. 1980. Pour vaincre la carence protéique et la dependence alimentaire des pays pauvres (mimeo). IBEAS - Tours.

Liener, I. 1980. Heat-labile antinutritional factors. In Advances in Legume Science (cd. by R. Summerficld & A. Bunting), pp. 157-170.

Mialonier, G., J.P. Privat. M. Monsigny.G. Kahlem and R. Duran. 1973. Isolement, propriétés physico-chimiques et localisation in vivo d'une phytoémaglutinine (lectinc) de Phaseolus vulgaris (ν. rouge). Physiol, veg. 11 (3): 519-537.

Pusztai, Α., E. Clarke, T. King and J. Stewart. 1979. Nutritional evaluation of Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris): Chemical composition. Lectin content and nutritional value of selected cultivars. J. Sci. Food Agric. 30: 843- 848.

Rhoades, D. 1979. Evolution of plant chemical defense against herbivores. In Herbivores: Their Interaction with Secondary Plant Metabolites (ed. by G. Rosenthal & D. Janzen), Acad. Press Inc., pp. 3-54.

Rosenthal, G., D. Janzen and D. Dahlman. 1977. Degradation and detoxification of Canavaninc by specialized seed predator. Science 196: 658-660.

Roy, D.N. and R.V. Bhat. 1975. Variation in neurotoxin, trypsin inhibitors and susceptibility to insect attack in varieties of Lathyrus sativus seeds. Environ. Physiol. Biochc. 5: 172-177.

Stamopoulos, D. 1980. Influence de quelques facteurs lies à la plante-hôte agissant sur le développement post-em bryonnaire et la réproduction d'Acanthoscelides obtectus Say (Coleoptèrc-Bruchidae). Thèse de Docteur Ing. Univ. de Tours-France.

Stamopoulos, D. 1988. Toxic effect of lignin extracted from the tegument of Phaseolus vu/garisseeds on the larvae of Acanthoscelides obtectus Say. J. Appi. Ent. 105: 317- 320.

Swain, T. 1979. Tannins and lignins. In Herbivores: Their Interaction with Secondary Plant Metabolites (ed. by G. Rosenthal & D. Janzen), Acad. Press Inc., pp. 657-682.

Tanguy-Martin, J., J. Guillaume and A. Kossa. 1977. Condensed tannins in horse bean seeds: Chemical structure and apparent effects on poultry. J. Sci. Fd. Agric. 28: 757-765.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 D.C. Stamopoulos