| More

Seasonal development and ovipositing behavior of Marchalina hellenica (Hemiptera: Margarodidae)

Views: 211 Downloads: 168
Sofia Gounari
Sofia Gounari


Marchalina hellenica, Gennadius (Hemiptera: Margarodidae) is the main honeydew producing insect of pine trees ίη Greece. Its behavior during oviposition, the reproductive capacity, oviposition period, pre-hatching period, and life span of the οviposited female and other aspects of its reproductive behavior in the field and in the laboratory, have been recorded in a three-year research. Μ. hellenica completes one generation per year. It is mainly parthenogenetic. The adult female appears on the trees, looking for an oviposition site from late March to late April. Its oviposition period in the field lasts about 20 days, while the hatching period lasts about 30 days. Live females can be found on the trees until the end of May, so there is a coexistence of three stages of Μhellenica, adult, eggs and 151 stage nymphs, in the field for about one month. Μ. hellenica is able to oviposit in the laboratory in room conditions. Its ovipositing period is as long as 16 days, while the total number of eggs laid is on average 262. Body weight was significantly correlated with the total number of eggs laid.


Marchalina hellenica; pine tree; honeydew; oviposition; Greek pine honey; soft scale insects; Margarodidae

Full Text:



Avtzis, N., 1985. Marchalina hellenica (Monophlebus hellenicus) Genn. The most important honeydew producing insect in Greece, (in Greek) Basilea Ckronika, 1, 51-63.

Bikos, Α., 2000. The "worker'Of pine tree. Methods of dispersal, ed. Ministry of Agriculture, Athens. 80 pp.,

Curkan, B. 1989, Bioecology and population dynamics of the pine scale (Marchalina hellenica, Gennadius). Ed. University of Chatai, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Ankara, pp 87.

Fimiani, P. & Solino, G. 1994. An exotic insect dangerous to the native plants of the island of Ischia. Informatore Agrario. 50: 30, ρ 65 68.

Kailidis, S. D. 1965. Monophlebus hellenicus [Marchalina hellenica) Genn. The honeydew producing insect of pine trees, (in Greek) Dasika Chronika, 81-82, 1-16.

Nikolopoulos, N. X. 1964. Sur la découverte de l'inconnu jusqu' aujourd' hui individu mßle de l' espace Marchalina hellenica (Gennadius) (Hemiptera, Margarodidae - Coelostomidiinae). Ecole de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques d' Athènes. 15p.

Nikolopoulos, N. X. 1965. Morphology and biology of the species Marchaiina hellenica (Gennadius) (Hemiptera, Margarodidae - Coelostomidiinae). Thesis, Agricultural College of Athens, 31 pp.

Pechhacker, H. 1988. Long-term forecast of Physokermes honeydew flow on spruce. Apidologie 19(1): 73-84.

Santas, L. 1979. Marchalina hellenica (Gennadius). An important insect for apiculture in Greece. Proceedings of XXVII international Congress of Apiculture. Athens, ρ 419-422.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Sofia Gounari