Anti-obesity, Anti-diabetic and Anti-inflammatory activities of Camponotus compressus extract; in vitro and in silico studies

Published: Dec 26, 2023
Camponotus compressus; bioactive compounds; anti-obesity; anti-diabetic; anti-inflammatory; in silico study; ADMET analysis
Yamuna Ramakrishnan
Karthika K

Background: In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the potential health benefits of insects, mainly ants, due to the, in them, presence of potential bioactive substances that can play a major role in therapeutic research. In the present study, the therapeutic potential of Camponotus compressus extract was studied, focusing on its bioactive compounds and their diverse applications.

Methods: The anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, and anti-inflammatory activity of the C. compressus extract was assessed through various assays, i.e., its anti-obesity potential was determined by the pancreatic lipase inhibition assay, the anti-diabetic activity was analyzed using an α-amylase inhibition assay, whereas the anti-inflammatory activity was studied using a heat induced hemolysis and albumin denaturation inhibition assay. The extract’s mode of action was explored through in-silico studies, whereas ADMET properties were also evaluated.

Results: In line with previous findings, the GC-MS analysis revealed 32 bioactive compounds, including some major constituents, such as the 2,3-dihydroxypropyl elaidate and lycoxanthin. The extract exhibited concentration-dependent anti-obesity effects and α-amylase inhibition, suggesting anti-diabetic potential. The anti-inflammatory properties of the extract were confirmed through heat-induced hemolysis and albumin denaturation inhibition assays. The in-silico studies revealed strong binding affinities with target proteins, whereas ADMET analysis supported drug-likeness.

Conclusion: Based on our results, the C. compressus extract holds therapeutic promise that could potentially be useful against obesity, diabetes, and inflammation. The study provides insights into its mode of action, supporting its potential as a novel drug candidate.

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