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EVIDENCE OF PRECURSORY PATTERNS IN AGGREGATED TIME SERIES

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K.A. Adamaki, R.G. Roberts
K.A. Adamaki, R.G. Roberts

Abstract


We investigate temporal changes in seismic activity observed in the West Corinth Gulf and North-West Peloponnese during 2008 to 2010. Two major earthquake sequences took place in the area at that time (in 2008 and 2010). Our aim is to analyse Greek seismicity to attempt to confirm the existence or non-existence of seismic precursors prior to the strongest earthquakes. Perhaps because the area is geologically and tectonically complex, we found that it was not possible to fit the data well using a consistent Epidemic Type Aftershock Sequence (ETAS) model. Nor could we unambiguously identify foreshocks to individual mainshocks. Therefore we sought patterns in aggregated foreshock catalogues. We set a magnitude threshold (M3.5) above which all the earthquakes detected in the study area are considered as “mainshocks”, and we combined all data preceding these into a single foreshock catalogue. This reveals an increase in seismicity rate not robustly observable for individual cases. The observed effect is significantly greater than that consistent with stochastic models, including ETAS, thus indicating genuine foreshock activity with potential useful precursory power, if sufficient data is available, i.e. if the magnitude of completeness is sufficiently low.


Keywords


Corinth Gulf; Seismicity; Aggregated Foreshock Catalogues

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