| More

Engelhardt on the Common Morality in Bioethics

Views: 266 Downloads: 163
Ana S. Iltis
Ana S. Iltis

Abstract


Contemporary bioethics is, at least in part, the product of biomedical and sociopolitical changes in the middle to latter part of the 20th century. These changes prompted reflection on deep moral questions at a time when traditional sources of moral guidance no longer were widely respected and, in some cases, were being rejected. In light of this, scholars, policy makers, and clinicians sought to identify a common morality that could be used among persons with different moral commitments to resolve disputes and guide clinical practice and health policy. The concept of the common morality remains important in bioethics. This essay considers the common morality in light of the work of H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.

Keywords


Bioethics; common morality; Engelhardt; neutrality; moral commitment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baker, Robert. Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Beauchamp, Tom and Childress, James. Principles of Biomedical Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Cahill, Lisa. “Can Theology Have a Role in “Public” Bioethical Discourse?”. Hastings Center Report 20 (1990): 10-14.

Cherry, Mark. Sex, Family, and the Culture Wars. New York: Routledge, 2016.

Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health, 497 U.S. 261 (1990).

Engelhardt Jr. In National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Appendix I, Essay 8, 4. 63, 1978.

Engelhardt, Tristram. Bioethics and Secular Humanism. London: SCM Press and Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1991.

Engelhardt, Tristram. The Foundations of Bioethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Engelhardt, Tristram. The Foundations of Christian Bioethics. Salem: Taylor & Francis, 2000.

Engelhardt, H. Tristram, Jr. “Religion, Bioethics and the Secular State: Beyond Religious and Secular Fundamentalism”. Politea 97 (2010): 59-79.

Engelhardt, Tristram. “Christian Bioethics after Christendom: Living in a Secular Fundamentalist Polity and Culture”. Christian Bioethics 17, no. 1 (2011): 64-95.

Engelhardt, Tristram. After God: Morality and Bioethics in a Secular Age. New York: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2017.

Evans, John. The History and Future of Bioethics: A Sociological View. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479 (1965).

Groenhout, Ruth. “Care Theory and the Ideal of Neutrality in Public Moral Discourse”. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (1998): 170-189.

Hunter, J. D. Culture Wars: The Struggle to Control the Family, Art, Education, Law, and Politics in America. New York: Basic Books, 1992.

Iltis, Ana. “The Failed Search for the Neutral in the Secular: Public Bioethics in the Face of the Culture Wars”. Christian Bioethics 15, no. 3 (2009): 220-233.

Iltis, Ana. “Toward a coherent account of pediatric decision making”. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2010): 526-552.

In re Quinlan [70 N.J. 10, 355 A.2d 647 (NJ 1976)].

Jonsen, Albert. The Birth of Bioethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Meilaender, Gilbert. “Against Consensus: Christians and Public Bioethics”. Studies in Christian Ethics 18 (2005): 75-88.

Partridge, B. C. “Adolescent Psychological Development, Parenting Styles, and Pediatric Decision Making”. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35, no. 5 (2010): 518-525.

Rawls, John. Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Rothman, David. Strangers at the Bedside. New Brunswick, NJ: Aldine Transaction, 1991.

Stevens, Tina. Bioethics in America: Origins and Cultural Politics. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Weithorn, L. “Chidlren’s Capacities to Decide about Participation in Research”. IRB 5, no. 2 (1983): 3.

Weithorn, L. and Campbell, S.B. “The Competence of Children and Adolescents to Make Informed Treatment Decisions”. Child Development 53 (1982): 1589-1598.

Wildes, Kevin. “Particularism in Bioethics: Balancing Secular and Religious Concerns”. Maryland Law Review 53 (1994): 1220-1237.

Wildes, Kevin. “Religion in Bioethics: A Rebirth”. Christian Bioethics 8 (2002): 163-174.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Ana S. Iltis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.