Philosophical Management of Stress based on Science and Epicurean Pragmatism: A Pilot Study

Published: Dec 31, 2022
stress management applied philosophy science brain function biological psychology Epicurus Epicurean philosophy pursuit of happiness meaning of life scientific humanism
Christos Yapijakis
Evangelos D. Protopapadakis
George P. Chrousos

In the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic, we created and implemented from November 2020 to February 2021 a monthly educational pilot program of philosophical management of stress based on Science, Humanism and Epicurean Pragmatism, which was offered to employees of 26 municipalities in the Prefecture of Attica, Greece. The program named “Philosophical Distress Management Operation System” (Philo.Di.M.O.S.) is novel and unique in its kind, as it combines a certain Greek philosophical tradition (Epicurean) that concurs with modern scientific knowledge. The program was designed to be implemented in a period of crisis; therefore, it used a fast-paced, easy to learn and practice philosophical approach to stress management, based on cognitive psychotherapy. The philosophical approach to stress management has the advantage that it can be offered to most people, regardless of age and educational level. The pilot program was effective in achieving its objectives, shown by statistical comparisons of the trainees’ responses to anonymous questionnaires before and after the month-long training. The successful Philo.Di.M.O.S. program, thus, based on a solid scientific and philosophical basis, offers a paradigm of stress management during crises and could be useful in Greece and internationally.

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Author Biographies
Christos Yapijakis, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Associate Professor of Genetics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

School of Medicine, 1st Department of Pediatrics.

Evangelos D. Protopapadakis, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Associate Professor of Applied Ethics, Department of Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Director of the NKUA Applied Philosophy Research Lab.

Member of the Hellenic National Comission for Bioethics and Technoethics.

George P. Chrousos, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Professor Emeritus, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Director of the University Research Institute of Precision Medicine.

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