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The role of micro-enterprises in post-growth urban transitions: An inquiry in Athens and Barcelona

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Giorgos Koukoufikis (http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0997-8040)
Giorgos Koukoufikis

Περίληψη


Μετανάπτυξη, πόλη και ο ρόλος των μικροεπιχειρήσεων:

Μια έρευνα στην Αθήνα και τη Βαρκελώνη

Το παρόν άρθρο αποτελεί μια εμπειρική έρευνα που αξιολογεί τον ρόλο και την πιθανή επίδραση των μικροεπιχειρήσεων ως προς τον μετασχηματισμό των αστικών κοινωνικοοικονομικών συστημάτων στην κατεύθυνση της μετανάπτυξης. Η έρευνα πεδίου απευθύνθηκε σε «συμβατικές» πολύ μικρές επιχειρήσεις, οι οποίες λειτουργούν σε παραδοσιακούς τομείς της αγοράς και σε επιχειρήσεις που δραστηριοποιούνται στην κοινωνική και αλληλέγγυα οικονομία. Η Αθήνα και η Βαρκελώνη χρησιμοποιήθηκαν ως πόλεις-εργαστήρια για να τεκμηριώσουν τους παράγοντες που επηρέασαν τις στρατηγικές μικρο-επιχειρηματικής προσαρμογής στην οικονομική κρίση μετά το 2008, ώστε να ερευνηθεί σε ποιο βαθμό οι αφηγήσεις και οι πρακτικές αυτών μπορούν να αποτελέσουν ένδειξη ροπής προς έναν ευρύτερο κοινωνικοοικονομικό μετασχηματισμό. Τα αποτελέσματα δείχνουν ότι η κρίση και το αστικό περιβάλλον παρείχε ένα πλαίσιο για διαδικασίες διαμόρφωσης εναλλακτικών οικονομικών πρακτικών, στις οποίες οι μικροεπιχειρήσεις διαδραματίζουν σημαντικό ρόλο. Ωστόσο, για την κεφαλαιοποίηση και ενίσχυση της μετασχηματιστικής διαδικασίας, χρειάζεται κατάλληλο θεσμικό πλαίσιο και υλική υποστήριξη για την ενεργοποίηση περαιτέρω συλλογικών και ατομικών δράσεων.


Λέξεις κλειδιά


μετανάπτυξη; πόλη; αστικές μελέτες; κοινωνική και αλληλέγγυα οικονομία; μικροεπιχειρήσεις; Αθήνα; Βαρκελώνη; κρίση

Πλήρες Κείμενο:

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