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Τοπικές κοινωνίες, Θαλάσσιες Προστατευόμενες Περιοχές και καταδυτικός τουρισμός στις Κυκλάδες

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Lydia Avrami (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5528-216X), Nikos Demertzis (http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3010-4463), Antonis Armenakis
Lydia Avrami, Nikos Demertzis, Antonis Armenakis


Η παρούσα μελέτη αποσκοπεί στην αποτύπωση και συγκριτική ανάλυση των αντιλήψεων και απόψεων των τοπικών φορέων και ομάδων συμφερόντων τριών νησιών των Κυκλάδων με διαφορετικό επίπεδο τουριστικής ανάπτυξης (Κύθνος, Μήλος, Σαντορίνη) σε ό,τι αφορά τις πρόσφατα οριοθετημένες Θαλάσσιες Προστατευόμενες Περιοχές (ΘΠΠ) και την ανάπτυξη του καταδυτικού τουρισμού. Επιπλέον, διερευνώνται οι κύριοι παράγοντες που εκτιμάται ότι θα συμβάλουν ή θα υπονομεύσουν σε τοπικό επίπεδο τη διακυβέρνηση, τη διαχείριση και εντέλει την αποτελεσματικότητα των ΘΠΠ στις παραπάνω περιοχές. Προς τον σκοπό αυτό, διεξήχθησαν ατομικές συνεντεύξεις με όλους τους τοπικούς φορείς που εμπλέκονται άμεσα ή έμμεσα στη διαχείριση των ΘΠΠ και την ανάπτυξη του καταδυτικού τουρισμού. Από την ανάλυση των πρωτογενών δεδομένων προκύπτει η ουσιαστική έλλειψη ενημέρωσης των τοπικών φορέων και ομάδων συμφερόντων όσον αφορά τις ΘΠΠ. Επιπλέον, παρατηρούνται αξιοσημείωτες διαφοροποιήσεις στις απόψεις τους, οι οποίες φαίνεται ότι συνδέονται σε μεγάλο βαθμό με το επίπεδο τουριστικής ανάπτυξης του κάθε νησιού, τη διάρθρωση της τοπικής οικονομίας και τη διεξαγωγή διαβουλεύσεων σε τοπικό επίπεδο κατά το παρελθόν όσον αφορά τη θεσμοθέτηση ΘΠΠ.

Λέξεις κλειδιά

Θαλάσσιες Προστατευόμενες Περιοχές; καταδυτικός τουρισμός; διαβούλευση; τοπικοί φορείς; τοπική οικονομία

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