| More

Chrysomphalus aonidum as pest of citrus in Greece

Views: 153 Downloads: 156
G.J. Stathas, F. Kozär
G.J. Stathas, F. Kozär

Abstract


The presence of the scale insect Chrysomphalus aonidum (Linnaeus) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), (the Florida red scale) is recorded in Greece and some data on its morphology are given. The coccid was found on the ornamental plant Dracaena sp. in Athens in the year 2000 and its rearing on potato tubes (Solanum tuberosum) and Cucurbita maxima is possible in the insectary. In January 2007 C. aonidum was found on heavily infested Citrus limon and Citrus sinensis, as well as on the less infested ornamental bushes Ficus benjamina and Ligustrum japonicum in outdoor conditions in the city of Kalamata (Peloponnese-southern Greece). In the past the presence of C. aonidum was recorded in Greece, but it was considered an occasional pest of citrus due to its difficulty to become acclimatized.

Keywords


Chrysomphalus aonidum; Citrus limon; Citrus sinensis; Dracaena sp.; Fiats benjamina; Ligustrum japonicum

Full Text:

PDF

References


Argyriou, L.C. and P.A. Mourikis. 1981.Current status of citrus pests in Greece. Proceedings of the International Society of Citriculture, Tokyo 9-12 November, International Society of Citriculture, Okitsu, Japan, Vol. 2: 623-627.

Argyriou, L.C. 1983. Distribution of scales in Greece. Proceedings of 1st International Congress Concerning the Rhynchota Fauna of Balkan and Adjacent Regions, 29 August - 2 September, Mikrolimni - Prespa, Greece, 14-16 pp.

Argyriou, L.C. 1986. Integrated Pest Control in Citrus in Greece. In: Cavalloro & E. Di Martino. Proceedings of the Experts' Meeting, Acireale, 26-29 March 1985, "Integrated Pest Control in Citrus- Groves, A.A. Balkema /Rotterdam/Boston, 545-548.

Bachmann, F. 1953. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Jugoslawischen Schildlausfauna, Srpska Akad. Nauk, Zbomik Radova, 30: 175-184.

Balachowsky, A.S. 1932. Etude biologique des coccides du bassin occidental de la Mediterrane. In; Encyclopédie Entomologique, XV P. Lechevalier & Fils, Paris. 214 p.

Ben-Dov, Y. 2006. Scatenel, On internet, Last updated 04. 12.2006 http://www.sel. bare, usda.gov/scalenei/scaienet.htm

Ben-Dov, Y. and V. German. 2003. In: A Systematic Catalogue of the Diaspididae (Armoured Scale Insects) of the World, Subfamilies Aspidiotinae, Comstockiellinae and Odonaspidinae. Intercept, Andover, Hants, U.K.. 1112 p.

Bodenheimer, F.S. 1926. Première note sur les cochenilles de Syrie. Bulletin de la Sosietc Entomologique de France, 41-47.

Bodenheimer, F.S. 1952. The Coccoidea of Turkey. I. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Istanbul (Ser. B) 17: 315-351.

CAB International. 1988. Chrysomphalus aonidum (Linnaeus). Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A, Agricultural Map, (4): 3pp

Ezzat, Y.M. 1958. Classification of the scale insects, family Diaspididae, as known to occur in Egypt [Homoptera: Coccoidea|. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d' Egypte 42: 233-251.

Garcia Mari F., A. Soto, P. Hernandez Penadès, E. Rodrigo and J.M. Rodriguez Reina. 2000. Una nue va codi in il la aperece en los citrìcos valeucianos, Chrysomphalus aonidum. Phytoma Espana, 117; 35-40.

Germain, J.F. and D. Matile Ferrerò. 2005 Les eo-chenilles sous serres en France: inventaire illustré. Ill - Les Diaspididae. Phytoma, 583, 32-35.

Gerson, U. and Y. Zor. 1973, The armoured scale insects (Homoptcra: Diaspididae) of avocado trees in Israel, Journal of Natural History 7: 513-533.

Jansen, M.G.M. 2004. An updated list of scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) from importi nter-ceptions and greenhouses in The Netherlands. Proc. X International Symposium on Scale insects studies, Adana, Turkey, 147-165 pp.

Koroneos, J. 1934. Les Coccidae de la Grèce sur tout du Pélion (Thessalie). I. Diaspinae. Athens. 95p.

Pellizzari, G. and V. Vacante. 2007. Una nuova cocciniglia sulgi agrumi in Italia: il Chrysomphalus aonidum (Linnaeus) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Informatore Phytopathologico, 45-47.

Reiderne, S. K. and F. Kozâr. 1994. Recently appeared scale insects species {Homoptera, Coccoidea, Diaspididae) on glasshouse ornamentals in Hungary. Novenyvedelem, 30,423-427.

Stathas, G.J., P.A. Eliopoulos, D.C. Kontodimas and D.Th. Siamos. 2002. Adult morphology and life cycle under constant temperetures of the predator Rhyzobius I op hunt ha e Blaisdell (Col., Coccinellidae). Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde (Journal of Pest Science), 75: 105-109.

Waterhouse, D.F. and D.P.A. Sands. 2001. Classical Biological Control of Arthropods in Australia. CSIRO Entomology, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, 560 p.

Williams, D.J, and G,W Watson. 1988. The Scale Tnsects of the Tropical South Pacific Region. Part. 1. The Armoured Scales {Diaspididae). CAB International Institute of Entomology, London. 290 p.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 G.J. Stathas, F. Kozär