| More


Views: 169 Downloads: 118
E. Aidona, D. Kondopoulou, M. Alexandrou, N. Ioannidis
E. Aidona, D. Kondopoulou, M. Alexandrou, N. Ioannidis


Archaeomagnetism combines the magnetic properties of baked materials with Archaeology. The archaeomagnetic method can be applied to any kind of permanent - in situ or displaced- burnt structures, such as kilns, ovens, hearths, burnt floors, tiles, bricks and pottery fragments, the latter for intensity measurements only. In this study we present the latest archaeomagnetic results from archaeological sites which are distributed in N. Greece (Polymylos, Sani, Thesssaloniki). The Natural Remanent Magnetization (NRM) and the magnetic susceptibility of the samples have been initially measured. The samples have been subjected to magnetic cleaning (AF and Thermal demagnetizations) and this procedure revealed the characteristic component of the ancient magnetic field. Rock magnetic experiments such as acquisition of the Isothermal Remanent Magnetization (IRM) and thermomagnetic analysis have been performed in pilot samples in order to identify the main magnetic carriers. Finally the secular variation curves for Greece and the SCHA.DIF.3K model were used in order to date these archaeological structures. This dating improved or modified the estimated archaeological ages.


archaeomagnetism; kilns; Northern Greece; dating;

Full Text:



Aidona E., Scholger, R., Mauritch, H., Perraki, M., 2008. Remanence acquisition in a Roman-style gold

furnace. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 33, 438-448.

DeMarco, E., 2007. Complete magnetic and archaeomagnetic measurements in archaeological sites: contribution

to the SVC for Greece. PhD Thesis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 293pp.

DeMarco, E., Spatharas, V., Gomez-Paccard, M., Chauvin, A., Kondopoulou, D., 2008. New archaeointensity

results from archaeological sites and variation of the geomagnetic field intensity for the last

millennia in Greece. Phys. and Chem. of the Earth 33, 578–595.

Downey, W.S., Tarling, D.H., 1984. Archaeomagnetic dating of Santorini volcanic eruptions and fired

destruction levels of Late Minoan civilization. Nature 309, 519-523.

Dumberry M., Finlay C., 2007. Eastward and westward drift of the Earth’s magnetic field for the last

XLIII, No 4 – 1896

three millennia. Earth Planet. Sci. Let., 254, 146-157.

Evans, M.E. and Kondopoulou, D., 1998. Archaeomagnetism in Macedonia, Greece: A progress Report.

Phys. Chem. Earth, 23, (9-10), 1027-1028.

Evans, M.E., 2006. Archaeomagnetic investigations in Greece and their bearing on geomagnetic secular

variation. Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 159, 90-95. doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2006.06.005.

Gallet, Y., A. Genevey, M. Le Goff, F. Fluteau, and S. A. Eshraghi 2006. Possible impact of the Earth’s magnetic

field on the history of ancient civilizations, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 246, 17-26.

Jelinek, V., 1977. The statistical theory of measuring anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility of rocks and

its applications. Geofizika, Brno.

Jelinek,V., 1981. Characterization of the magnetic fabric of rocks. Tectonophysics, 79, 63-67.

Jordanova, N., Kovacheva, M., Kostadinova, M., 2004. Archaeomagnetic investigation and dating of Neolithic

archaeological site from Boulgaria. Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 147, 89-102.

Kirschvink, J.L., 1980. The least-squares line and plane and the analysis of palaeomagnetic data. Geophysical

Journal of the Royal Astrological Society, 62: 699-718.

Kondopoulou, D., and Spatharas, V., 2002. Magnetomineralogy of archaeomagnetic materials from N.

Greece. Proc. 5th European Meeting on Ancient Ceramics, Athens 1999. In: Kilikoglou, V., Hein, A.,

Maniatis Y. (Eds.), Modern trends in scientific studies on ancient ceramics. BAR International Series,

, 389-402.

Kovacheva, M., Spatharas, Y., Liritzis, Y., 2000. New archaeointensity results from Greek materials. Archaeometry,

(2), 415-429.

Lanos, Ph., Le Goff, M., Kovacheva, M., Schepp, E., 2005. Hierarchical modelling of archaeomagnetic

data and curve estimation by moving average technique. Geophys. J. Int., 160, 440-476.

Le Goff, M., Gallet, Y., Genevey, A., Warme, N., 2002. On archaeomagnetic secular variations curves and

archaeomagnetic dating. Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 134, 203-211.

Le Goff, M. and Y. Gallet, 2004. A new three-axis vibrating sample magnetometer for continuous hightemperature

magnetization measurements: applications to paleo- and archeo-intensity determinations,

Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 229, 31-43.

Liritzis, Y. and Thomas, 1980. Palaeointensity and thermoluminiscence measurements on Cretan kilns

from 1300 to 2000 BC. Nature, vol.283, 54-55.

Lowrie, W., 1990. Identification of ferromagnetic minerals in a rock by coercivity and unblocking temperature

properties. Geophys. Res. Let., 17 (2), 159-162.

Noel, M., Batt, C., 1990. A method for correcting geographically separated remanence directions for the

purpose of archaeomagnetic dating. Geophys. J. Int., 102, 753-756.

Pavón-Carrasco, F. J., Osete, M.L., Torta J.M., Gaya-Piqué L.R., 2009. A regional archaeomagnetic model

for Europe for the last 3000 years, SCHA.DIF.3K: Applications to archaeomagnetic dating. Geochemistry,

Geophysics, Geosystems, 10, Q03013, doi: 10.1029/2008GC002244.

Spatharas, V., 2005. Archaeomagnetic and magnetic measurements in archaeological materials in Macedonia

and Thrace (N. Greece). PhD Thesis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 179pp

(in Greek).

Spatharas, V., Kondopoulou, D., Liritzis Y., and G. Tsokas., 2000. Archaeointensity results from two ceramic

kilns from N. Greece. J. Balkan Geophys. Soc., 4, 67-72.

Tarling, D.H., Kondopoulou, D. and Spatharas, V., 2004. An archaeomagnetic study of the LM IB Kilns.

In: Soles, J.S., Davaras, C. (Eds.), Mochlos IC – Period III. Neopalatial Settlement on the Coast: The

Artisans’ Quarter and the Farmhouse at Chalinomouri. The small Finds. Prehistory Monographs 9,

INSTAP Academic Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2004.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 E. Aidona, D. Kondopoulou, M. Alexandrou, N. Ioannidis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.