A contribution to environmental research of the Korissia coastal wetland (Corfu isl., Greece), with the application of combined geological and geophysical methods supported by Geographic Information Systems

Published: Ιαν 1, 2007
Lagoon Geomorphology Geophysics Stratigraphy Geochemistry G.I.S.
J. D. Alexopoulos
V. Tomara
Em. Vassilakis
T. D. Papadopoulos
M. Dassenakis
S. Poulos
N. Voulgaris
S. Dilalos
G. Ghionis
G. Goumas
E. Pirlis

In the current paper are presented the results of a multidisciplinary study (stratigraphical, sedimentological, geophysical and geochemical) combined with modern techniques (G.I.S. and remote sensing). This study aims at integrating the natural and anthropogenic factors affecting the Korissia lagoon. It is a shallow coastal lagoon, communicating with the sea via an artificial channel. The area around the lagoon consists of alluvial sediments hosting, in places, newly formed and/or "old" (pre - Holocene) sand-dunes. The broader area constitutes a postalpine sedimentary basin characterised by smooth morphological relief. The lower stratigraphie unit of the post-alpine sequence is a Pleistocene marly formation, which was detected as the basement (5-15 Ohm.m) by the geophysical survey. The resistivity-based basement map implies the existence of a "palaeo-gulf" trending EW. These marls constitute the impermeable basement of a shallow aquifer hosted in the area. The salinity of the lagoon is very high during summer (>40psu) but it does not affect significantly the wells around it. The lagoon is well oxygenated, while the wells have lower D.O. values. Ammonia and nitrates are the main inorganic Nitrogen forms, in the lagoon and the wells, respectively. Phosphorus is the limiting factor for phytoplankton growth. Human activities affect the area that is in need of an environmental management plan in order to prevent ecological degradation

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  • New Technologies in Geophysical and Geological Research
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