| More

An integrated approach to the coal deposits in the Mesohellenic Trough, Greece

Views: 18 Downloads: 261
Nikolaos Koukouzas, Pavlos Krassakis, Petros Koutsovitis, Christos Karkalis
Nikolaos Koukouzas, Pavlos Krassakis, Petros Koutsovitis, Christos Karkalis


A considerable amount of coal deposits occur within the Mesohellenic Trough in Greece. It is considered as the largest and most important basin of the last orogenic stage of the Hellenides, which is interpreted as a back-arc basin that evolved during the period of Late Oligocene to Miocene. In this study, a simplified geological map has been constructed emphasizing on the coal formation occurrences of the Mesohellenic Trough. This work has been accomplished, through Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and has been organized via geodatabase as GIS data files (feature classes). For the creation of the geological map suitable homogenization and discrete representation has been implemented different geological sheets, original source and traditional maps. Next step was the geostatistical analysis using polygonal methods linked to the corresponding tabular information. Regarding the stratigraphical age, and petrographic data related to geographic distribution of the coal occurrences, these are divided into three categories: Oligocene, Middle Miocene and Upper Miocene coals, exhibiting various physicochemical and topological properties. Upper Miocene coal exhibits the greatest area and perimeter values, while the lowest values correspond to those of the Middle Miocene. Terrain models such as aspect (angle-direction) and hillshade (shaded relief) showed the spatial relation between coal occurrences and morphotectonic as long as geometrical characteristics of the study area. Coals are mainly classified as huminites including mainly huminite group minerals (90%). Their S contents can probably derive from parent plant material or a combination of parent plant material with seawater sulfates. Moisture contents are strongly connected with the sustainability of the coal use in the energy production, while their carbonation grade is strongly associated with their age and expressed by their reflectivity values. All these data have been inserted in an integrated database and can be useful for pre-mining or post mining activities (e.g. planning, analysis, management, restoration). Results of this study are available for the effective evaluation of the existing coal occurrences, which can be used with renewable energy sources providing sustainable solutions, in combination with the upcoming innovative CCS and CCU technologies. Results also showed that coals from the Mesohellenic Trough present excellent quality traits. However, their value as combustible coal is very low due to the absence of economically recoverable reserves. The largest coal lenticular bodies have been extracted in the past and the remaining occurrences do not exceed several thousand tones. Based upon existing literature and from geospatial estimations, coal deposits in the Mesohellenic Trough Basin cannot be considered as economically valuable for exploitation.


Mesohellenic Trough; Coal; GIS; Aspect; Hillshade; Petrography

Full Text:



Aubouin, J., 1959. Contribution à l 'étude géologique de la Gréce septantrionale: les confins de l' Epire et de la Thessalie. Ann. Geol. Pays Hellén., 10, p. 1-483.

Aubouin, J., 1961. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Kastanea. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Babita, P., Sailesh, S., 2012. Topography and Land Temperature Investigation Using Arc GIS 10. International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences. 01. 403-414. 10.17142/ijbas-2012.1.2.27.

Brunn, J., 1956. Contribution à l 'étude géologique du Pinde septentrional et d' une partie de la Macedoine Occidentale. Ann. Geol. Pays Hellén., 7, p. 1-158, Athénes.

Brunn, J., 1977. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Pentalofos. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Burrough, P. A., and McDonell, R. A., 1998. Principles of Geographical Information Systems (Oxford University Press, New York), 190 pp.

Chu, C.L., 2012. Sulfur in coals: A review of geochemistry and origins. Int. Jour. Coal Geol. 100, 1-13.

Ferrière, J., Reynaud, J. Y., Pavlopoulos, A., Bonneau, M., Migiros, G., Chanier, F., Proust, J. N. and Gardin, S., 2004. Geologic evolution and geodynamic controls of the Tertiary intramontane piggyback Meso-Hellenic basin, Greece. Bull. Soc. Geol. Fr., t.175, no 4, pp. 361-381.

Gerolymatos, E., Jacobshagen, V., Kingdom, P., 1988. Geothermal development in Mesohellenic Trough and maturity of organic material. Air Transfers. Third session. Greek Geological Society, May 1986. Bull Eng. Geological. Soc., T. XX, vol.2, pp. 363-377, Athens, 1988.

IEA (International Energy Agency) 2017. World Energy Balances 2017, OECD/IEA, Paris.

Jacobsen, K., 2004. DEM generation from satellite data. In: Goossens, R. (Ed.): Remote Sensing in Transition, Proc. of the 23rd EARSeL Symposium 2003, Ghent, Belgium, pp. 513–525.

Kilias AD, Vamvaka A, Falalakis G, Sfeikos A, Papadimitriou E, et al. 2015. The Mesohellenic Trough and the Paleogene Thrace Basin on the Rhodope Massif, their Structural Evolution and Geotectonic Significance in the Hellenides. J Geol Geosci 4, (2), 1-17. doi:10.4172/2329-6755.1000198.

Kotis, Th. and Metaxas, A., 1988. Report on the results of geological –ore deposits recognition for coal of Asprokklisia community of Trikala prefecture. H. R. Rep. Department of Energy Raw Materials (ADHD) Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration (IGME), 11 pp., Athens, July 1988.

Koukouzas, N., 1998. Distribution of lignite deposits based on the age, quality and their deposits, Mineral Wealth, 106/1998.

Koukouzas, C. and Koukouzas, N., 1995. Coals of Greece: distribution, quality and reserves. European Coal Geology, Geological Society Special Publication, 82, 171-180.

Koumantakis, I. and Mataragkas, D., 1980. Geological Map of Greece sc.: 1:50,000, sheet “Panagia”. Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration (IGME), Athens 1980.

Koumantakis, I., Mataragas, D., 1989. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Panagia. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Mavridis, A., Kelepertzis, A., Faugeres, L., 1982. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Siatista. I.G.M.E., Athens.

NASA, 2009. ASTER Global Digital Elevation Map. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-30.

Papanikolaou, D., Lekkas, E., Mariolakos, E. and Mirkou, P., 1986. Contribution to the geodynamic evolution of Mesohellenic Trough. Air Transfers. 3rd Conference Eng. Geological Company, May 1986. GSG T. XX, pp. 17-36, Athens 1988.

Papaspyrou, A., 1981. Ore recognition for lignite in Kastoria. Solicitous. H. R. Rep. Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration (IGME), 15 pp., Athens.

Plastiras, B., 1985. Geological Map of Greece sc.: 1:50,000, sheet “Chionades - Grammos”. Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration (IGME), Athens, 1985.

Plastiras, V., Rozos, D., 1990. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Kastoria. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Radovic, L.R., 1998. Energy and Fuels in Society, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, Penn State University, USA

Savoyat, E., Lalechos, N., 1969a. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Karditsa. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Savoyat, E., Lalechos, N., 1969b. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Trikala. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Savoyat, E., Lalechos, N., 1972. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Kalabaka. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Savoyat, E., Monopolis, D., 1971. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Nestorio. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Savoyat, E., Monopolis, D., 1972. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Grevena. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Schweik, C. M., 2011. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems for Natural Resources Management (University of Massachusetts, Amherst), 126 – 134 pp.

Schweik, C. M, Bradley, B., Smith, R., 2013. Introduction to Geographic Information Science using ArcGIS V10 (University of Massachusetts, Amherst).

Stamatis, A., 1992. Geological Map of Greece 1:50.000, Sheet Deskati. I.G.M.E., Athens.

Tasianas, A., Koukouzas, N., 2015. CO2 storage capacity estimate in the lithology of the Mesohellenic Trough, Greece. 8th Trondheim Conference on CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage. Energy Procedia, 86, 334 – 341.

Vamvaka A. 2009. Geometry of deformation and kinematic analysis in Mesohellenic Trough. PhD thesis from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Department of Geology.

Varvarousis, C., Metaxas, A., Kotis, Th., Ploumidis, M. and Vretos, K., 2000. Research and Evaluation lignite basin deposits Kozani-Servia, Sarantaporo Kastoria. Kastoria Basin. H. R. Rep. IGME, 45 pp.

Wahl, R., 2013. The use of topology on geologic maps, U.S. Geological Survey, accessed at https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1451/pdf/wahl.pdf


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Nikolaos Koukouzas

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.