Crisis of the Rule of Law in the EU through the Case Law of the ECJ: The Case of Poland


Δημοσιευμένα: Dec 29, 2020
Kassiani Oikonomou
Περίληψη

This article describes the rule of law crisis in Poland through the case law of the ECJ. In particular, the country in 2018 adopted the law on the Supreme Court, bringing about two changes; the reduction of the retirement age for judges and secondly, it gave the President of the Republic of Poland the discretion to extend the active judicial service of judges of the Supreme Court. This article concerns the case C-619/18 Commission v Republic of Poland, in which the Commission in 2018 pursuant to Article 258 TFEU appealed to the Court of Justice of the European Union, seeking to prove that this law violates the obligations of Article 19 (1) paragraph 47 TEU in conjunction with Article 47 of the Charter, with the Commission claiming that these provisions infringe both the principle of permanence and the principle of the independence of judges.

Λεπτομέρειες άρθρου
  • Ενότητα
  • Articles
Λήψεις
Τα δεδομένα λήψης δεν είναι ακόμη διαθέσιμα.
Βιογραφικό Συγγραφέα
Kassiani Oikonomou, Democritus University of Thrace
Postgraduate student at the Department of Law, Democritus University of Thrace
Αναφορές
Case C-64/16, Associação Sindical dos Juízes Portugueses v Tribunal de Contas, ECLI:EU:C:2018:117 (Court of Justice of the European Union) Available at: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf;jsessionid=072FB82E99A18BB921236CC73E3DD069?text=&docid=199682&pageIndex=0&doclang=EN&mode=lst&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=6710038 (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Case C-619/18, Commission v Republic of Poland, ECLI:EU:C:2019:531 (Court of Justice of the European Union). Available at: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf;jsessionid=6C121B552E886C53B9C38F71F1395218?text=&docid=215341&pageIndex=0&doclang=EN&mode=req&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=1763610 (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Case C-619/18, Commission v Republic of Poland, Opinion of AG Tanchev in Case C-619/18, ECLI:EU:C:2019:325 (Court of Justice of the European Union). Available at: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?text=&docid=212921&pageIndex=0&doclang=EN&mode=req&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=1847546 (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Case C-619/18, Commission v Republic of Poland, Order of the President of the Court, 15 November 2018, C-619/18, Commission v. Poland, Expedited procedure, ECLI:EU:C:2018:910. (Court of Justice of the European Union). Available at: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?text=&docid=207961&pageIndex=0&doclang=EN&mode=req&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=1847546 (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
C-216/18, PPU-Minister for Justice and Equality v LM, ECLI:EU:C:2018:586 (Court of Justice of the European Union). Available at: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?text=&docid=204384&pageIndex=0&doclang=EN&mode=lst&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=6711802 (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Kochenov, D. and Bárd, P. (2018). Rule of Law Crisis in the New Member States of the EU: The Pitfalls of Overemphasising Enforcement, Reconciling Europe with its Citizens through Democracy and Rule of Law (RECONNECT), Working Paper, No. 2018/1, 10-11, 13-17, 19-21, 24-26. Available at: https://reconnect-europe.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/RECONNECT-KochenovBard-WP_27072018b.pdf (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Koncewicz, T. T. (2018). The Democratic Backsliding and the European constitutional design in error. When will HOW meet WHY?. Verfassungsblog, 18.12.18. Available at: https://verfassungsblog.de/the-democratic-backsliding-and-the-european-constitutional-design-in-error-when-how-meets-why/ (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Metaxas, Α. (2017). European Union. The basic normative texts. Athens-Thessaloniki: Sakkoula (in Greek).
Opinion 2/13 of the Court (Full Court) 18 December 2014, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2454. Available at: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?docid=160882&doclang=EN (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Pech, L. and Platon, S. (2019). The beginning of the end for Poland’s so-called “judicial reforms”? Some thoughts on the ECJ ruling in Commission v Poland (Independence of the Supreme Court case). EU Law Analysis, 30.06.19. Available at: http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.com/2019/06/the-beginning-of-end-for-polands-so.html (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Pech, L. and Scheppele, K. L. (2017). lliberalism Within: Rule of Law Backsliding in the EU. Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies, 19: 3-47.
Pech, L. and Scheppele, K.L. (2018). What is the Rule of Law Backsliding?. Verfassungsblog, 2.03.18. Available at: https://verfassungsblog.de/what-is-rule-of-law-backsliding/ (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Reding, V. (2013). Speech: The EU and the Rule of Law – What next?. Center for European Policy Studies, 4.09.13. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/SPEECH_13_677 (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Scheppele, K. L. (2017). Populist Constitutionalism? (6): Kim Lane Scheppele on Autocratic Legalism. Constitutionalism and Politics, 16.11.17. Available at: https://blogs.eui.eu/constitutionalism-politics-working-group/populist-constitutionalism-6-kim-lane-scheppele-autocratic-legalism/ (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Simonelli, M.A. (2019). Thickening up judicial independence: the ECJ ruling in Commission v. Poland (C-619/18). European Law Blog, 8.07.19. Available at: https://europeanlawblog.eu/2019/07/08/thickening-up-judicial-independence-the-ecj-ruling-in-commission-v-poland-c-619-18/ (Accessed: 17/11/ 20).
Χρυσομάλλης, M. (2016). Η διασφάλιση της αρχής του Κράτους Δικαίου στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση και η περίπτωση της Πολωνίας. Digesta, 1-11. Διαθέσιμο στο: http://digestaonline.gr/pdfs/Digesta%202016/chrisb16.pdf (Ανάκτηση: 17/11/20).
Χρυσομάλλης, M. (2018). Η αρχή του κράτους δικαίου στην έννομη τάξη της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης. Αθήνα: Νομική Βιβλιοθήκη, σσ. 17-39.
Χρυσομάλλης, Μ. (2019). Η αντίδραση του Δικαστηρίου της Ε.Ε. στην οπισθιοδρόμηση του Κράτους Δικαίου σε Κράτη-μέλη: η απόφαση Associação Sindical dos Juízes Portugueses. Digesta,1-28. Διαθέσιμο στο: http://www.digestaonline.gr/pdfs/Digesta%202019/Chris_2019.pdf (Ανάκτηση: 17/11/20).