| More

Benthic diatoms species richness at Dvuyakornaya Bay and other coastal sites of Crimea (the Black Sea) under various environments

Views: 551 Downloads: 416


First-time research of the pristine water area of Dvuyakornaya Bay (South-Eastern Crimea, Black Sea) revealed high taxonomic richness of benthic diatoms (Bacillariophyta). Altogether, 304 species, 78 genera, 37 families and 20 orders were identified. Among them 68 newly-found species for the Black Sea were marked. The largest species number was marked in the genera Navicula (41 species), Nitzschia (29), Amphora (25), Cocconeis (20), Diploneis (16), Lyrella, Fallacia and Planothidium (10 species respectively). Inter-regional comparative analysis of diatom species richness was carried out using Bray-Curtis similarity coefficient and Venn diagrams. Diatom taxocene of Dvuyakornaya Bay (DB) was compared with Bacillariophyta flora from several Crimean coastal sites under different level of anthropogenic impact, i.e. relatively pristine water area near Cape Fiolent (CF) and heavy polluted Sevastopol Bay (SB) and Balaklava Bay (BB). The highest similarity of species composition (58%) was registered between intact biotopes (DB vs CF) and between heavy polluted water areas (SB vs BB), despite the geographical remoteness of the compared areas, differences in hydrological-hydrochemical conditions and in bottom substrates patterns. The lowest species similarity of diatom taxocenes was observed between SB and CF (32.3%) and between SB and DB (36.5%). It was concluded that the content of technogenic pollutants (trace metals, PCBs, PAHs and pesticides) in the bottom sediments, as well as the heterogeneity of microbiotopes are represent major factors influencing on the species composition of benthic Bacillariophyta in the investigated coastal water areas.


Bacillariophyta; diatoms; taxocene; species richness; technogenic pollution; Black Sea.

Full Text:



Burgess, R.M., Ho, K.T., Terletskaya, A.V., Milyukin, M.V., Demchenko, V.Y., et al., 2009. Concentration and distribution of hydrophobic organic contaminants and metals in the estuaries of Ukraine. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58 (8), 1103–1115.

Burgess, R.M., Portis, L.M., Ho, K.T., Konovets, I.M., Petrov, A.N., et al., 2011. Distribution, magnitude and characterization of the toxicity of Ukrainian estuarine sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62 (11), 2442–2462.

Fourtanier, E., Kociolek, J.P., 1999. Catalogue of Diatom Genera. Diatom Research, 14 (1), 1–190.

Fourtanier, E., Kociolek, J.P., 2011. Catalogue of Diatom Names. California Academy of Sciences [Electronic resource]. Comp. by E. Fourtanier, J.P. Kociolek. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/diatoms/names/index.asp (Accessed 19 Sept. 2011)

Gottschalk, S., Kahlert, M., 2012. Shifts in taxonomical and guild composition of littoral diatom assemblages along environmental gradients. Hydrobiologia, 694 (1), 41–56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-012-1128-7

Guslyakov, N., Zakordonez, O., Gerasimuk, V., 1992. Atlas of diatom algae of benthos of the north-western part of Black Sea and adjacent waters. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 115 pp. (In Rus.)

Hafner, D., Car, A., Jasprica, N., Kapetanović, T., Dupčić Radić, I., 2018. Relationship between marine epilithic diatoms and environmental variables in oligotrophic bay, NE Mediterranean. Mediterranean Marine Science, 19(2), 223-239. http://dx.doi.org/10.12681/mms.14151

Heino J. 2005. The relationship between species richness and taxonomic distinctness in freshwater organisms. Limnol. Oceanogr., 50(3), 978–986.

Heino J., Mykrä H., Hämäläinen H., Aroviita J., Muotka T., 2007. Responses of taxonomic distinctness and species diversity indices to anthropogenic impacts and natural environmental gradients in stream macroinvertebrates. Freshwater Biology, 52 (9), 1846–1861. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2007.01801.x

International Plant Names Index, 2004. Published on the Internet at: http://www.ipni.org ; (Accessed 1 July 2018)

Keck, F., Rimet, F., Franc, A., Bouchez, A., 2016. Phylogenetic signal in diatom ecology: perspectives for aquatic ecosystems biomonitoring. Ecol. Application, 26 (3), 861–872.

Kovrigina, N.P., Troschenko, O.A., Shchyrov, S.V., 2009. Peculiarities of spatial distribution of hydrological and hydrochemical characteristics of Karadag near shore water area at the modern period (2005–2006). In: Karadag-2009: Collection of scientific papers dedicated to the 95th anniversary of Karadag Research station and 30th anniversary of the Karadag Natural Reserve of the NAS of Ukraine. Gaevskaya A.V., Morozova A.L. (Eds.). Sevastopol: ECOSI-Gidrofizika, 446–461 (in Russ.).

Kovrigina, N.P., Popov, M.A., Lisitskaya, E.V., Kuftarkova, E.A., Gubanov V.I., 2010. Complex monitoring of Balaklava Bay (Black Sea) in 2000–2007. Marine Ecological Journal, 9 (4), 62–75 (In Rus., Abstr. on Engl.).

Kovrigina, N.P., Troschenko, O.A., Subbotin, A.A. et al., 2016. Hydrological and hydrochemical structures in musselfarm area according to long-term observations (Sevastopol coastal waters, the Black Sea). In: Proceed. Intern. Conf. dedicated to 145 anniversary of IBSS-IMBR, 3, 394–397. (In Rus., Abstr. on Engl.).

Lange-Bertalot, H., Witkowski, A., Bogaczewicz-Adamczak, B., Zgrundo, A., 2003. Rare and new small-celled taxa of Navicula s. str. in the Gulf of Gdansk and of its freshwater affluents. Limnologica, 33 (4), 258–270.

Leira, M., Chen, G., Dalton, C., Irvin, K., Taylor D., 2009. Patterns in freshwater diatom taxonomic distinctness along an eutrophication gradient. Freshwater Biology, 54 (1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2008.02086.x

Levkov, Z. 2009. Amphora sensu lato. In: Diatoms of Europe: Diatoms of the European Inland Waters and Comparable Habitats, vol. 5. Lange-Bertalot, H. (Ed). A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell, 5-916.

Mitropolsky, O.Yu, Nasedkin, E.I, Osokina, N.P., 2006. Ecogeochemistry of the Black Sea. Kiev, 279 p. (In Ukr., abstr. on Eng.).

Nevrova, E., Witkowski, A., Kulikovskiy, M., Lange-Bertalot, H., Kociolek, J.P., 2013. A revision of the diatom genus Lyrella Karayeva (Bacillariophyta: Lyrellaceae) from the Black Sea, with descriptions of five new species. Phytotaxa, 83 (1), 1–38.

Nevrova, E.L., 2013. Taxonomic diversity and structure of benthic diatom taxocene (Bacillariophyta) at Sevastopol Bay (the Black Sea). Marine Ecological journal, 3 (12), 55–67. (In Rus., abstr. on Engl.)

Nevrova, E.L., 2014. Taxonomic diversity and environmental assessment of benthic diatoms at Balaklava Bay (South-Western Crimea, the Black Sea, Ukraine). Algologia, 24 (1), 47–66. (In Rus., abstr. on Engl.).

Nevrova, E.L., 2015. Benthic diatoms (Bacillariophyta) in the Black Sea: diversity and structure of taxocenes of varios biotopes. Extended Abstract of DSci Thesis (speciality 03.02.01 – botany and 03.02.10 – hydrobiology), Moscow State University, Moscow, 46 pp. (In Rus.) https://dlib.rsl.ru/01005555099 (Accessed 13 November 2014)

Nevrova, E.L., 2016. The composition and structure of the benthic diatom taxocene (Bacillariophyta) near Cape Fiolent (the Crimea, the Black Sea). Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 42 (5), 392–401. https://link.springer.com/.../10.1134/S1063074016050072

Nevrova, E.L., Snigirova, A.A., Petrov, A.N., Kovaleva, G.V., 2015. Guidelines for quality control of the Black Sea. Microphytobenthos. Gaevskaya, A.V. (Ed.). N. Orianda, Simferopol, 175 pp. (In Rus., Abstr. on Engl.) https://doi.org/10.21072/978-5-9907290-2-5

Petrov, A.N., Nevrova, E.L., 2004. Comparative analysis of taxocene structure of benthic diatoms (Bacillariophyta) in regions with different level of technogenic pollution (the Black Sea, Crimea). Marine Ecological Journal. 3 (2), 72-83. (In Rus., Abstr. on Engl.).

Petrov, A.N., Nevrova, E.L., Malakhova, L.V., 2005. Multivariate analysis of benthic diatoms distribution across the space of the environmental factors gradient in Sevastopol bay (the Black Sea, Crimea), Marine Ecological Journal. 4 (3), 65-77. (in Rus., abstr. on Engl.).

Petrov, A.N., Nevrova, E.L., 2007. Database on Black Sea benthic diatoms (Bacillariophyta): its use for a comparative study of diversity pecularities under technogenic pollution impacts. p. 153–165. In: Proceed. of Ocean Biodiversity Informatics: Int. Conf. of Marine Biodiversity Data Management (Hamburg, Germany, 29 November – 1 December 2004). Vanden Berghe E., Appeltans W., Costello M.J., Pissierssens P. (Eds). Paris, UNESCO/IOC, VLIZ, BSH, IOC Workshop Report № 22, VLIZ Special Publication № 37. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0015/001500/150008e.pdf

Petrov, A., Nevrova, E., Terletskaya, A., Milyukin, M., Demchenko, V., 2010. Structure and taxonomic diversity of benthic diatoms assemblage in a polluted marine environment (Balaklava Bay, Black Sea). Polish Botanical Journal, 55 (1), 183–197.

Petrov, A.N., Nevrova, E.L., 2012. Evaluation of reproducibility and reliability of benthic diatoms species composition at coastal location of SW Crimea. Marine Ecological Journal, 11 (3), 79-88. (In Rus., Abstr. on Engl.).

Petrov, A.N., Nevrova, E.L., 2014. Numerical analysis of the structure of benthic diatom assemblages in replicate samples (Crimea, the Black Sea). Nova Hedwigia, Beih. 143, 245–253.

Petrov, A.N, Nevrova, E.L., 2013. Prognostic Estimation of Species Richness of Benthic Bacillariophyta. Intern. Journal on Algae, 15 (1), 5–25.

Proshkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (ed.-in-chief), 1974. Diatom Algae of USSR. Vol. I. Nauka, Leningrad, 403 pp. (In Rus.)

Riaux-Gobin, С., Witkowski, A., Compère, P., 2010. SEM survey and taxonomic position of small-sized Achnanthidium (Bacillariophyceae) from coral sand of Réunion Island (Western Indian Ocean). Vie Milieu / Life & Environ, 60 (2), 157–172.

Rimet, F., Bouchez, A., 2012. Biomonitoring river diatoms: implications of taxonomic resolution. Ecological Indicators, 15, 92–99.

Round, F.E., Crawford, R.M., Mann, D.G., 1990. The diatoms. Biology and morphology of the genera. Cambridge University press, Cambridge, 747 pp.

Samyshev, E.Z., Minkina, N.I., Orlova, I.G., 2014. Integral assessment of pollution in bottom sediments of coastal and open-sea areas of the Black sea. Marine Ecological Journal, 13 (4), 41–49. (In Rus., Abstr. on Engl.).

Stenger-Kovács, C., Tóth, L., Tóth, F., Hajnal. E., Padisák, J. 2014. Stream order-dependent diversity metrics of epilithic diatom assemblages. Hydrobiologia, 721, 67–75.

Stenger-Kovács C., Hajnal É., Lengyel E., Buczkód K., Padisák J. 2016. A test of traditional diversity measures and taxonomic distinctness indices on benthic diatoms of soda pans in the Carpathian basin. Ecol. Indicators, 64, 1–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.12.018.

Sugie, K, Suzuki, K., 2017. Characterization of the synoptic-scale diversity, biogeography and size distribution of diatoms in the North Pacific. Limnology and Oceanography, 62, 884–897. doi:10.1002/lno.10473.

Venn Diagrams. [Electronic resource]. (Accessed 12 April 2019) http://bioinformatics.psb.ugent.be/beg/tools/venn-diagrams

Warwick, R.M., Clarke, K.R. 1998. Taxonomic distinctness and environmental assessment. Journ. Appl. Ecol., 35, 532–543.

Witkowski, A., Kulikovskiy, M., Nevrova, E., Lange-Bertalot, H., Gogorev R., 2010. The genus Navicula in ancient basins. I. Two novelties from the Black Sea. Plant Ecol. Evol, 143 (3), 307–317.

Witkowski, A., Metzeltin, D., Lange-Bertalot, H., Bafana, G., 1997. Fogedia gen. nov. (Bacillariophyceae), a new naviculoid genus from the marine littoral. Nova Hedwigia. 65 (1), 79-98.

Witkowski, A., Lange-Bertalot, H., Metzelin, D., 2000. Diatom flora of marine coasts I. In: Iconographia diatomologica, vol. 7. Lange-Bertalot, H. (Ed.). A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell, Liechtenstein. 1–925.

Witkowski, A., Nevrova, E., Lange-Bertalot, H., Kociolek, J.P., 2014. Navicula petrovii sp. nov. (Bacillariophyceae), a naviculoid diatom with amphoroid symmetry and its relationship to Navicula sensu stricto and other naviculoid genera. Nova Hedwigia. Beih. 143, 469–484.


  • There are currently no refbacks.