| More

Discarded fish on the Spanish Mediterranean coast: influence of season on fatty acids profiles

Views: 571 Downloads: 320
MARÍA DOLORES SUÁREZ (http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5358-3866), MARÍA ISABEL SÁEZ (http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2666-1774), MIGUEL ÁNGEL RINCÓN-CERVERA, LUIS HIDALGO, JOSE LUIS GUIL-GUERRERO


This work focused on determining the fatty acid (FA) composition of commonly discarded fish on the Spanish Mediterranean coast in winter and summer to assess their potential use as raw sources of very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLCPUFAs). Total n-3 VLCPUFA content significantly varies depending on capture season, and values were higher in winter for Pomadasys incisus (1.36 g/100 g), Chelidonichthys lucerna (1.67 g/100 g) and Trachinus draco (2.04 g/100 g), while Pagellus acarne had larger n-3 PUFA amounts in summer (3.89 g/100 g). Generally for most species, monounsaturated FA, eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) and total FA had higher values in summer, while both the n-3 VLCPUFA fraction and DHA content were higher in winter. Knowledge of these changes allows the processes for their proper use as valuable PUFA sources to be adjusted. The discarded fish herein studied could be generally considered to be raw n-3 VLCPUFAs sources.


Fish composition; discarded fish; fatty acid profiles; Mediterranean coast; n-3 very long-chain PUFAs; seasonal changes.

Full Text:

PDF Suppl.file


Arai, T., Amalina, R., Bachok, Z., 2015. Fatty acid composition indicating diverse habitat use in coral reef fishes in the Malaysian South China Sea. Biological Research, 48, 1-5.

Aydın, M., Tufan, B., Sevgili, H., Köse, S., 2013. Seasonal changes in proximate composition and fatty acid profile of pufferfish (Lagocephalus sceleratus Gmelin, 1789) from the Mediterranean Sea of Turkey. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology, 22 (2), 178-191.

Batičić, L., Varljen, N., Butorac, M.Z., Kapovic M., Varljen, J., 2009. Potential value of hepatic lipids from white sea bream (Diplodus sargus, L.) as a good source of biomedical components, seasonal variations. Food Technology Biotechnology, 47 (3), 260-268.

Batičić, L., Varljen, N., Kapovic, M., Varljen, J., 2011. Fish lipids as a source of healthy components: Fatty acids from Mediterranean fish. Biomedical Engineering, Trends, Research and Technologies, Malgorzata Anna Komorowska and Sylwia Olsztynska-Janus, IntechOpen.

Bell, M.V., Henderson, R.J., Sargent, J.R., 1986. The role of polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 83 (4), 711-719.

Blanco, M., Dominguez-Timón, F., Pérez-Martín, R.I., Fraguas, J., Ramos-Ariza, P. et al., 2018. Valorization of recurrently discarded fish species in trawler fisheries in North-West Spain. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 55 (11), 4477-4484.

Calder, P.C., Bosco, N., Bourdet-Sicard, R., Capuron, L., Delzenne, N. et al., 2017. Health relevance of the modification of low grade inflammation in ageing (inflammageing) and the role of nutrition. Ageing Research Reviews, 40, 95-119.

Carbonell, A., García, T., González, M., Álvarez-Berastegui, D., Mallo, S. et al., 2018. Modelling trawling discards of the Alboran fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 23, 73-86.

Celik, M., 2008. Seasonal changes in the proximate chemical compositions and fatty acids of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) and horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) from the northeastern Mediterranean Sea. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 43, 933-938.

El Oudiani, S., Chetoui, I., Darej, C., Moujahed, N., 2019. Sex and seasonal variation in proximate composition and fatty acid profile of Scomber scombrus (L. 1758) fillets from the Middle East Coast of Tunisia. Grasas y Aceites, 70 (1), e285.

El-Serafy, S., El-Gammal, F.I., Mehanna, S.F., Abdel-Hamid, N.H., El-Sayed Farrag, F.E., 2015. Age, growth and reproduction of the tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Egyptian Mediterranean waters off, Alexandria. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 4 (1), 13-20.

Falch, E., Rustad, T., Aursand, M., 2006a. By-products from gadiform species as raw material for production of marine lipids as ingredients in food or feed. Process Biochemistry 41, 666-674.

Falch, E., Rustad, T., Jonsdottir, R., Shaw, N.B., Dumay, J. P. et al., 2006b. Geographical and seasonal differences in lipid composition and relative weight of by-products from Gadidae species. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 19 (6-7), 727-736.

FAO, 2018. The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. Rome. 172 pp.

Fehri-Bedoui, R., Gharbi, H., 2008. Sex-ratio, reproduction and feeding habits of Pomadasys incisus (Haemulidae) in the Gulf of Tunis (Tunisia). Acta Adriatica, 49 (1), 5-19.

García, T., Báez, J.C., Baro, J., García, A., Giráldez, A., Macías, D. 2012. La pesca en el mar de Alborán. Technical Report.

García Mesa, S., Suárez, M.D., Rincón-Cervera, M.A., Guil-Guerrero, J.L., González, G. et al., 2014. Time course of muscle fatty acid composition of cultured meagre (Argyrosomus regius) during the first sixteen months of a cage culture. Grasas y Aceites, 65 (1), e006.

García-Moreno, P.J., Pérez-Gálvez, R., Espejo-Carpio, F.J., Muñío, M.M., Guadix, A. et al. 2013. Lipid characterization and properties of protein hydrolysates obtained from discarded Mediterranean fish species. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93, 3777-3784.

Gilman, E., Perez Roda, A., Huntington, T., Kennelly, S.J., Suuronen, P. et al. 2020. Benchmarking global fisheries discards. Scientific Reports, 10, 14017.

Guil-Guerrero, J.L., Rincón-Cervera, M.A., Gómez-Mercado, F., Ramos-Bueno, R.P., Venegas-Venegas, E., 2013. New seed oils of Boraginaceae rich in stearidonic and γ-linolenic acids from the Maghreb region. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 31 (1), 20-23.

Henderson, R.J., Tocher, D.R., 1987. The lipid composition and biochemistry of freshwater fish. Progress in Lipid Research, 26 (4), 281-347.

Kandyliari, A., Mallouchos, A., Papandroulakis, N., Golla, J.P.,

Lam, T.T. et al., 2020. Nutrient composition and fatty acid and protein profiles of selected fish by-products. Foods, 9 (2), 190.

Kołakowska, A., Olley, J., Dunstan, G.A., 2003. Fish lipids. 228-223. In: Chemical and functional properties of food lipids. Sikorski, Z.E., Kołakowska, A. (Eds.), CRC Press Florida.

Loukas, V., Dimizas, C., Sinanglou, V.J., Miniadis-Meimaroglou, S., 2010. EPA, DHA, cholesterol and phospholipid content in Pagrus pagrus (cultured and wild), Trachinus draco and Trigla lyra from Mediterranean Sea. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 163 (3), 292-299.

Morales-Medina, R., García-Moreno, P.J, Pérez-Gálvez, R., Muñío, M., Guadix, A. et al., 2015. Seasonal variations in the regiodistribution of oil extracted from small-spotted catshark and bogue. Food & Function, 6 (8), 2646-52.

Nascimento, V.L.V., Bermúdez, V.M.S., Oliveira, A.L.L., Kleinberg, M.N., Ribeiro, R.T.M. et al., 2015. Characterization of a hydrolyzed oil obtained from fish waste for nutraceutical application. Food Science and Technology, 35 (2), 321-325.

Orban, E., Di Lena, G., Nevigato, T., Masci, M., Casini, I. et al., 2011. Proximate, unsaponifiable lipid and fatty acid composition of bogue (Boops boops) and horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) from the Italian trawl fishery. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 24 (8), 1110-1116.

Ordines, F., Farriols, M., Lleonart, J., Guijarro, B., Quetglas, A. et al., 2014. Biology and population dynamics of by-catch fish species of the bottom trawl fishery in the western Mediterranean. Mediterranean Marine Science, 15 (3), 613-625.

Özdemir, S., Özsandıkç, U., Büyükdeveci, F. 2019. A new maximum length with length–weight relationship of tub gurnard (Chelidonichthys lucerna Linnaeus, 1758) from Central Black Sea coasts of Turkey. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 8 (2), 85-91.

Özogul, Y, Özogul, F, Ҫiҫec, E., Polat, A., Kuley, E., 2009. Fat content and fatty acid compositions of 34 marine water fish species from the Mediterranean Sea. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 60 (6), 464-475.

Ozyilmaz, A., 2016. Investigation of proximate and fatty acid compositions of Champsodon nudivittis, a discard fish, from Northeastern Mediterranean. Chemistry Research Journal, 1 (4), 117-121.

Pajuelo, J.G., Lorenzo, J.M., Gregoire, M., 2003. Age and growth of the bastard grunt (Pomadasys incisus: Haemulidae) inhabiting the Canarian archipelago, Northwest Africa. Fisheries Bulletin, 101 (4), 851-859.

Portillo Strempel, S.A., Baro, D.J., Mancera, R.J.M., Herrera, C.E., 2008. Distribución espacial de Trachinus draco (Linnaeus, 1758) (Perciforme, Trachinidae) en el norte del Mar de Alborán (España). Zoologica Baetica, 19, 3-14.

Rincón Cervera, M.A., Venegas Venegas, E., Ramos Bueno, R.P., Suárez Medina, M.D., Guil-Guerrero, J.L., 2014. Docosahexaenoic acid purification from fish processing industry by-products. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 117 (5), 724-729.

Rincón-Cervera, M.A., González-Barriga, V., Romero, J., Rojas, R., López-Arana, S., 2020. Quantification and distribution of omega-3 fatty acids in South Pacific fish and shellfish species. Foods, 9 (2), 233.

Rustad, T., Storrø, I., Slizyte, R., 2011. Possibilities for the utilization of marine byproducts. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 46 (10), 2001-2014.

Sánchez, P., Demestre, M., Martín, P., 2004. Characterization of the discards generated by bottom trawling in the northwestern Mediterranean. Fisheries Research, 67 (1), 71-80.

Shirai, N., Terayama, M., Takeda, H., 2002. Effect of season on the fatty acid composition and free amino acid content of the sardine Sardinops melanostictus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology,Part B: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 131 (3), 387-93.

Simopoulos, A.P., 2004. Omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acid ratio and chronic diseases. Food Reviews International, 20 (1), 77-90.

Soriguer, F., Serna, S., Valverde, E., Hernando, J., Martín- Reyes, A. et al., 1997. Lipid, protein, and calorie content of different Atlantic and Mediterranean fish, shellfish, and molluscs commonly eaten in the south of Spain. European Journal of Epidemiology, 13 (4), 451-463.

Suárez, M.D., González, M.J. Sáez, M.I., Martínez, T.F., Guil-Guerrero, J.L., 2015. Seasonal changes of proximate composition and fatty acids of farmed dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus Lowe, 1834). International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 50 (8), 1823-1830.

Tsagarakis, K., Palialexis, A., Vassilopoulou, V. 2014. Mediterranean fishery discards: review of the existing knowledge. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 71 (5), 1219-1234.

Tsikliras, A.C., Stergiou, K.I. 2014. Size at maturity of Mediterranean marine fishes. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 24, 219-268. Ulbricht, T.L., Southgate, D.A., 1991. Coronary heart disease: seven dietary factors. Lancet, 338(8773), 985-992.

Urra, J., García, T., Gallardo-Roldán, H., León, E., Lozano, M., et al. 2017. Discard analysis and damage assessment in the wedge clam mechanized dredging fisheries of the northern Alboran Sea (W Mediterranean Sea). Fisheries Research, 187, 58-67.

Yildiz, M., Sener, E., Timur, M., 2006. The effects of seasons and different feeds on fatty acid composition in fillets of cultured gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) and European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 30 (1), 133-41.

Zhang, X., Ning, X., He, X., Sun, X., Yu, X. et al., 2020. Fatty acid composition analyses of commercially important fish species from the Pearl River Estuary, China. PLoS ONE, 15 (1), e0228276.


  • There are currently no refbacks.