| More

Axial pattern skin flaps in cats: 8 cases (2000-2015)

Views: 255 Downloads: 182
O. GAVRIILIDOU (Ο. ΓΑΒΡΙΗΛΙΔΟΥ), L. G. PAPAZOGLOU (Λ.Γ. ΠΑΠΑΖΟΓΛΟΥ), M. KOUKI (Μ. ΚΟΥΚΗ), E. STRANTZIA (Ε. ΣΤΡΑΝΤΖΙΑ), M. GIANNOULI (Μ. ΓΙΑΝΝΟΥΛΗ), L. MENTZIKOF (Λ. ΜΕΝΤΖΙΚΩΦ), S. PINOPOULOS (Σ. ΠΙΝΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ)
O. GAVRIILIDOU (Ο. ΓΑΒΡΙΗΛΙΔΟΥ), L. G. PAPAZOGLOU (Λ.Γ. ΠΑΠΑΖΟΓΛΟΥ), M. KOUKI (Μ. ΚΟΥΚΗ), E. STRANTZIA (Ε. ΣΤΡΑΝΤΖΙΑ), M. GIANNOULI (Μ. ΓΙΑΝΝΟΥΛΗ), L. MENTZIKOF (Λ. ΜΕΝΤΖΙΚΩΦ), S. PINOPOULOS (Σ. ΠΙΝΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ)

Abstract


Eight female cats of various breeds and median age of 4.5 years, with cutaneous defects in the limbs and trunk which were managed with axial pattern flaps, are described. Skin defects were caused by trauma or tumor excision. The defects were located in the medial aspect of the thigh in 2 cats, the lateral aspect of the thigh in 2, the left axilla in 2, the sternal and inguinal area in 2 and the dorsolateral abdomen and lumbar region in 1 cat. Totally 9 flaps were used including caudal superficial epigastric flap (4), thoracodorsal flap alone (1) or combined with omentalization (1), elbow fold flap and flank fold flap (2). All flaps survived and small dehiscences were found in 2 cats. All cats were healthy after a median follow up time of 13 months. The use of axial pattern flaps is a very effective method for the coverage of large skin defects in cats.


Keywords


axial pattern flaps; cat; omentalization; wounds

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson DM, Charlesworth TC, White RAS (2004) A novel axial pattern skin flap based on the lateral thoracic artery in the dog. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 17: 73- 77.

Bauer MS, Salisbury S K (1995) Reconstruction of distal hind limb injuries in cats using the caudal superficial epigastric skin flap. Vet Comp Traumatol Orhop 8: 98-101.

Benzioni H, Shahar R, Yudelevich S, Shipov A, Milgram J (2009) Lateral thoracic artery axial pattern flap in cats. Vet Surg 38: 112- 116.

Bohling MW, Henderson RA (2006) Differences in cutaneous wound healing between dogs and cats. Vet Clin Small Anim Pract 36:687- 692.

Bohling MW, Henderson RA, Swaim SF, Kincaid SA, Wright JC (2006) Comparison of the role of the subcutaneous tissues in cutaneous wound healing in the dog and cat. Vet Surg 35: 3-14.

Brinkley CH (2007) Successful closure of feline axillary wounds by reconstruction of the elbow skin fold. J Small Anim Pract 48: 111- 115.

Brockman DJ, Pardo AD, Conzemius MG, Cabell LM, Trout NJ (1996) Omentum- enhanced reconstruction of chronic nonhealing wounds in cats: techniques and clinical use. Vet Surg 25: 99- 104.

DeBoer DJ (1991) Nonhealing cutaneous wounds. In: (ed August JR) Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine. 1st ed, WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia: pp 101-106.

Field EJ, Kelly G, Pleuvry D, Demetriou J, Baines SJ (2015) Indications, outcome and complications with axial pattern skin flaps in dogs and cats: 73 cases. J Small Anim Pract 56:698-706.

Hedlund CS (2006) Large trunk wounds. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 36: 847- 872.

Hunt GB (1995) Skin fold flaps for closing large sternal and inguinal wounds in cats and dogs. Vet Surg 24: 172- 175.

Hunt GB, Tisdall PLC, Liptak JM, Beck JA, Swinney GR, Malik R (2001) Skin fold advancement flaps for closing large proximal limb and trunk defects in dogs and cats. Vet Surg 30: 440- 448.

Lascelles BDX, White RAS (2001) Combined omental pedicle grafts and thoracodorsal axial pattern flaps for the reconstruction of chronic, non-healing axillary wounds in cats. Vet Surg 30: 380- 385.

Lascelles BDX, Davison L, Duning M, Bray JP, White RAS (1998) Use of omental pedicle grafts in the management of non-healing axillary wounds in 10 cats. J Small Anim Pract 39: 475- 480.

MacPhail CM (2013) Surgery of the integumentary system. In: (ed Fossum TW) Small Animal Surgery. 4th ed, Elsevier, St Louis: pp 190-288.

Pavletic MM (1981) Canine axial pattern skin flaps using the omocervical, thoracodorsal, and deep circumflex iliac direct cutaneous arteries. Am J Vet Res 42: 391–406.

Remedios AM, Fowler JD (1995) Axial pattern flaps in the cutaneous reconstruction of lower limb wounds. Comp Contin Educ Pract Vet 17: 1356- 1364.

Remedios AM, Bauer MS, Bowen CV (1989) Thoracodorsal and caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern skin flaps in cats. Vet Surg 18: 380- 385.

Remedios AM, Bauer MS, Bowen CVA, Fowler JD (1991) Axial pattern skin flaps in cats. Microsurgery 12: 125- 129.

Trevor PB, Smith MM, Waldron DR, Hedlund CS (1992) Clinical evaluation of axial pattern flaps in dogs and cats: 19 cases. J Am Vet Med Assoc 201: 608- 612.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 O GAVRIILIDOU, LG PAPAZOGLOU, M KOUKI, E STRANTZIA, M GIANNOULI, L MENTZIKOF, S PINOPOULOS

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.