| More

Impact of different light colors in behavior, welfare parameters and growth performance of Fayoumi broiler chickens strain

Views: 1860 Downloads: 871


Light is considered one of the most managerial factors affecting poultry well-being. Therefore, the current study was conducted to investigate the effects of different light colors in behaviour, welfare and growth performance of Fayoumi chickens. A total of 300 one-day old chicks of Fayoumi broiler breed were weighed and randomly divided into 4 environmentally controlled chambers with different artificial light color (yellow, red, green and blue) until the end of the experimental period (12 weeks); each was divided into five replicate brooders (15 birds for each replicate). A scanning technique was used to report the chicken’s behaviors. Moreover, the plumage condition, foot and toe hyperkeratosis, foot and toe lesions (foot pad dermatitis) and growth performance were evaluated. Light colors had significant (P < 0.05) effects of the impose of different light colors in all kinds of behavior of Fayoumi chickens. It was found that eating frequency was the highest in blue light. Preening, dust bathing and drinking frequencies were the highest in green light. Birds reared in red light were more active, as expressed by greater walking, flying, head movement, litter scratching, body shaking, wing flapping, wing/leg stretching, feather pecking and aggression. While, birds in blue light were calmest, evidenced by more intense sleeping, sitting and idling behaviors. In spite of the fact that the light colors had no significant effect on plumage condition, health status of the foot and toe and growth performance, those parameters were better in birds kept in blue light than other light colors. We conclude that the blue light colour may improve the birds’ welfare.


Fayoumi chickens; light color; welfare; performance

Full Text:



Anja BR (2015) Effects of color of light on preferences, performance,and welfare in broilers. Poult Sci 94: 1767-1775.

AOAC (2002) Association official analytical chemists.Official Methods of Analysis.Gaithersburg, MD, U.S.A. Chapt. 4, pp 20-27.

Bertolucci C, Foa A (2004) Extraocular photoreception and circadian entrainment in nonmammalian vertebrates.Chronobiol Int 21:501-519.

Bright A, Jones TA, Dawkins MS (2006) A non-intrusive method of assessing plumage condition in commercial flocks of laying hens. Animal Welfare 15, 113-118.

Bradley TH (2015) The effects of light color on performance and immune response of broiler chickens. Undergraduate research thesis, Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, USA.

Calvet S, Van den Weghe H, Kosch R, Estellés F (2009) The influence of the lighting program on broiler activity and dust production. Poult Sci 88: 2504-2511.

Campo JL, Gil MG, Davila SG, Munoz I (2007) Effect of lighting stress on fluctuating asymmetry, heterophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and tonic immobility duration in eleven breeds of chickens. Poult Sci 43:355-363.

Classen HL, Annet CB, Schwean-lardner KV, Gonda R, Derow D (2004) The effects of lighting programmes with twelve hours of darkness per day provided in one, six or twelve hour intervals on the productivity and health of broiler chickens. British Poult Sci 45:S31-S32.

Danang B (2014) Effects the combinations of light color and intensity of light to age at first laying and production egg of Alabio laying ducks. IJB 5:80-85.

Dharmaretnam M, Rogers LJ (2005) Hemispheric specialization and dual processing in strongly versus weekly lateralized chicks. Behav Brain Res 162:62-70.

EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) (2010) Scientific Opinion on the influence of genetic parameters on the welfare and the resistance to stress of commercial broilers. EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare. EFSA Journal 2010 8 (7):1666.

El-Sheikh (2016) Using led light in poultry production. 36th Annual meeting of Egyptian Poultry Science Association (EPSA), Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt Farghly MF, Mahrose KM (2012) Effects of light during storage and incubation periods on pre and post hatch performance of Japanese quail. Egyptian Poult Sci 32: 947-958.

FAO (2014) Review of animal welfare legislation in the beef, pork, and poultry industries, page 21.

Fraser AF, Broom DM (1990) Farm animal behavior and welfare. BaillièreTindall Publ., London, UK.

Ghamry AE, Allaway E, Hewida M, Yassein SA, Mallah GM (2011) Evaluation of Dietary calcium Requirements in Fayoumi laying hens. Iranian Appl Anim Sci 1:81-86.

Guevara BD, Pech PS, Zamora BR, Navarrete SL, Magana SH (2015) Performance of broilers reared under monochromatic light emitting diode supplemental lighting. Brazilian Poult Sci 17:553-558.

Harper G, Henson S (2001) Consumer concerns about animal welfare and the impact on food choice. Department of Agricultural and Food Economics. The University of Reading, United Kingdom.

Hossary MA, Galal ES (1994) Improvement and Adaptation of the Fayoumi chickens. Anim Genet Resour Inform 14:33-39.

Jin E, Jia I, Li J, Yang G, Wang Z, Cao J, ChenY (2011) Effect of monochromatic light on melatonin secretion and arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase mRNA expression in the retina and pineal gland of broilers. The anatomical record 294:1233-1241.

Kuenzel WJ, Kang SW, Zhou ZJ (2015) Exploring avian deep-brain photoreceptors and their role in activating the neuroendocrine regulation of gonadal development. Poult Sci 94:786-798.

Lewis PD, Morris TR (2000) Poultry colored effects of color and intensity of light on behavioral and light. World Poult Sci 56:189-207.

Mohammed HH, Enas NS, Shereen EA (2017) Impact of different litter materials on behaviour, growth performance, feet health and plumage score of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Europ Poult Sci 81.

Mohammed HH, Grashorn MA, Bessei W (2010) The effects of lighting conditions on the behavior of laying hens. Arch Geflügelk 74:197-202.

Olanrewaju HA, Thaxton JP, Dozier WA, Purswell J, Roush WB, Branton SL (2006) A Review of Lighting Programs for Broiler Production. International Poult Sci 5:301-308.

Olanrewaju HA, Purswell JL, Collier SD, Branton SL (2011) Effect of varying light

intensity on growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens grown to heavy weights. Int. J. Poult. Sci 10:921-926.

Prayitno DS, Phillips CJ, Omed H (1997a) The effects of color of lighting on the behavior and production of meat chickens. Poult Sci 76:452-457.

Prayitno DS, Phillips CJ, Stokes DK (1997b) The effects of color and intensity of light on behavior and leg disorders in broiler chickens. Poult Sci 76:1674-1681.

Prescot NB,Wathes CM (1999) Spectral sensitivity of the domestic fowl (Gallus g. Domesticus). British Poult Sci 40:332-339.

Rozenboim I, Biran I, Chaiseha Y, Yahav S, Rosenstrauch A, Sklan D, Halevy O (2004) The effect of a green and blue monochromatic light combination on broiler growth and development. Poult Sci 83:842-845.

RSPCA (2013) RSPCA welfare standards for chickens, page 10, 11.

Rusty DR (2011) Broiler preference for light color and feed form, and the effect of light on growth and performance of broiler chicks. Master thesis in Dept. of Animal Sciences and Industry College of Agriculture, Kansas state university SAS (2009) SAS statistical system Package-Jmp 8 User’s Guide.2nd Cary, NC, SAS Institute Inc. USA.ISBN 978-1-60764-301-2.

Seijan V, Lakritz J, Ezeji T, Lal R (2011) Assesssment methods and indicators of animal welfare. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (4): 301-315.

Senaratna D, Samarakone TS, Madusanka AP, Gunawardane WD (2011) Performance, behavior and welfare aspects of broilers as affected by different colors of artificial light. Tropical Agricultural Res Extens 14:38-44.

Senaratna D, Samarakone TS, Madusanka AP, Gunawardane WD (2012) Preference of broiler chicken for different light colors in relation to age, session of the day and behavior. Tropical Agricultural Res 23:193-203.

Shabiha S, Hassan R, Choe HS, Ryu KS (2013) Impact of different monochromatic LED light color and bird age on the behavioral output and fear response in ducks. Italian Journal Animal Sci 12:573-579.

Škrbić Z, Pavlovski Z, Lukić M, Petričević V, Milić D (2012) The effect of lighting program and type of litter on production and carcass performance of two broiler genotypes. Biotechnology in Animal Husband 28:807-816.

Son JH, Velmurugu R (2009) The effects of light colors on the behavior and performance of broiler chickens. Korean Journal of Poultry Science 36 (4):329-335.

Taha AE, AbdEl-Ghany FA (2013) Improving production traits for el-salam and mandarah chicken strains by crossing. Alexandria Vet Sci 39:18-30.

Tauson R, Ambrosen T, Elwinger K (1984) Evaluation of procedures for scoring the integument of laying hens–independent scoring of plumage condition. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica 34:400-408.

Van Emous RM, Fiks-van niekerk TG, Reuvekamp BF (2003) Verrijkte kooien. Praktijk Rapport Pluimvee 9. Postbus 2176, 8203 AD, Lelystad, The Netherlands.

Welfare Quality (2009) Welfare Quality®assessment protocol for poultry (broilers,

laying hens). In: Welfare Quality®Consortium, Lelystad, Netherlands. pp. 1-14.

Wyse C, Hazlerigg D (2009) Seasonal biology: Avian photoreception goes deep. Curr Biol 19:R685-R687.

Xie D, Wang ZX, Dong YL, Cao J, Wang JF, Chen JL, Chen YX (2008) Effects of monochromatic light on immune response of broilers. Poult Sci 87:1535-1539.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 M.H. HESHAM, A.H. EL SHEREEN, S.N. ENAS

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.