| More

Sesamoid disease in two dogs

Views: 581 Downloads: 346
A. F. KARKANIS, N. N. PRASSINOS, G. KAZAKOS, M. KTORIS, K. ANTONOPOULOS, N. KRYSTALLI
A. F. KARKANIS, N. N. PRASSINOS, G. KAZAKOS, M. KTORIS, K. ANTONOPOULOS, N. KRYSTALLI

Abstract


Two young dogs, a Rottweiler and an Épagneul Breton, presented with chronic forelimb lameness. Orthopaedic examination confirmed the mild lameness and revealed pain on deep palpation at the palmar aspect of the 5th metacarpal. Radiographic evaluation revealed fracture of the 7th metacarpophalangeal sesamoid at the 5th metacarpophalangeal joint. Based on these findings, diagnosis of sesamoid disease was achieved. Both cases had been treated conservatively with restricted activity and anti-inflammatory drugs without any success. Then, resection of the affected sesamoid was performed. The outcome was good and the dogs were free of lameness 1 year post-operatively.


Keywords


dog; metacarpophalangeal joint; sesamoid disease

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bateman JK (1959) Fractured sesamoids in the Greyhound. Vet Rec 71: 101-105.

Bennett D, Kelly DF (1985) Sesamoid diseases a cause of lameness in young dogs. J Small Anim Pract 26: 567-579.

Berg JA (1973) Fractures of palmar and plantar sesamoid bones as a cause of lameness in the dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 163: 968-970.

Cake MA, Read RA (1995) Canine and human sesamoid disease. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 8: 70-75.

Cannon JR (1972) Stress Fractures in the Greyhound. Aust Vet J 48:244-250.

Daniel A, Read RA Cake MA (2008) Vascular foramina of the metacarpophalangeal sesamoid bones of Greyhounds and their relationship to sesamoid disease. Am J Vet Res 69: 716-721.

Davis PE, Bellenger CR, Turner DM (1969) Fractures of the sesamoid bones in the Greyhound. Aust Vet J 45: 15-19.

DeCamp CE, Johnson SA, Dèjardin LM, Schaefer SL (2016) Fractures and other orthopaedic conditions of the carpus, metacarpus, and phalanges. In: Handbook of Small Animal Orthopaedics and Fracture Repair, 5th ed. Elsevier, St Louis, pp. 427-433.

Evans HE, de Lahunta A (2013) Miller’s Anatomy of the Dog, 4th ed. WB Saunders, St Louis, pp. 136-140.

Fossum TW (2013) Management of specific fractures. In: Small Animal Surgery, 4th ed. Mosby, St. Louis, pp. 1163-1168.

Harasen G (2009) Sesamoid disease. Can Vet J 50: 10.

Kapatkin AS, Garcia-Nolen T, Hayashi K (2012) Carpus, metacarpus, and digits. In: (Tobias KM, Johnston SA eds) Veterinary Surgery. Small Animal. WB Saunders, St. Louis, pp. 792-793.

Krooshof Y, Hazewinkel HA (1986) Diagnosis and treatment of sesamoid bone fractures in the dog foot. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 111:1167-1172.

Mathews KG, Koblik PD, Whitehair JG, Kass PH, Bradley C (2001) Fragmented palmar metacarpophalangeal sesamoid in dogs: a long-term evaluation. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 14: 7-14.

Nickel R, Schumer A, Seiferle E (1986) The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals, the Locomotor System of the Domestic Mammals. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin, pp 169-231.

Read RA, Black AP, Armstrong SJ, MacPherson GC, Peek J (1992) Incidence and clinical significance of sesamoid disease in Rottweilers. Vet Rec 130: 533-535.

Riera-Palou G (2002) What is your diagnosis? J Small Anim Pract 43: 239, 254.

Robins GM (1986) Sesamoid disease. Aust Vet Pract 16: 200.

Robins GM, Read RA (1993) Diseases of the sesamoid bones. In:(Bojrab MJ ed) Disease Mechanisms in Small Animal Surgery, 2nd edn. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, pp. 1094-1101.

Vaughan LC, France C (1986) Abnormalities of the volar and plantar sesamoid bones in Rottweilers. J Small Animal Pract 27:551.

Weinstein MJ, Mongil CM, Smith GK (1995) Orthopedic conditions of the Rottweiler. Part I. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 17:813–828.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 A.F. KARKANIS, N.N. PRASSINOS, G. KAZAKOS, M. KTORIS, K. ANTONOPOULOS, N. KRYSTALLI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.