Comparative behavior studies of growing dairy and beef bulls from two different breeds

behaviour bulls Aubrac cattle Lithuanian Black-and-White cattle
This study aimed at comparing the behaviour of growing bulls from two different breeds – Lithuanian black and white (dairy cattle breed, n=22) and Aubrac (beef cattle breed, n=17). The hypothesis tested in this study was that breed differences would result in differences in the behaviour of the bulls and that a clear understanding of such differences could lead to improved husbandry to meet their needs. Animals were raised in insulated barn in pens with deep litter, both breeds under similar conditions (animals were 11 to 14 month old, each group in separate 100 m2 pen). Aubrac bulls spent more time in standing, ruminating, drinking and aggressive behaviour and less time in eating than the Lithuanian black and white bulls. There were no significant differences in lying and moving behaviour. These differences possibly related to different breed of animals, and should inform decision making about the management of the two breeds studied.
Article Details
  • Section
  • Research Articles
Download data is not yet available.
Absmanner E, Rouha-Mulleder C, Scharl T, Leisch F, Troxler J. 2009. Effects of different housing systems on the behaviour of beef bulls - An on-farm assessment on Austrian farm. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 118:12–19.
Baltrėnaitė L, Jeninas A, Juškienė V, Kriauzienė J, Kučinskas A, Macijauskienė V, Miceikienė I, Muzikevičius A, Razmaitė V, Svitojus A, et al. 2003. Lithuanian Domestic Animal Genetic Resources – Nowadays and Future Perspectives (Country report to the FAO). The Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania.
Bouissou MF, Boissy A, Le Neindre P, Veissier I. 2001. The social behavior of cattle. In: Keeling LJ, Gonyou HW, editors. Social behaviour in farm animals. Wallingford (UK): CABI; p. 113-145.
Brscic M, Gottardo F, Mazzenga A, Cozzi G. 2007. Behavioural response to different climatic conditions of beef cattle in intensive rearing systems. Poljoprivreda / Agriculture. 13(1):103-106.
Cook NB. 2008. Time budgets for dairy cows: how does cow comfort influence health, reproduction and productivity. In: Proceedings of the Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop. p. 12-13.
Dawkins MS. 2007. Observing animal behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Napolitano F, Knierim U, Grass F, De Rosa G. 2009. Positive indicators of cattle welfare and their applicability to on-farm protocols. Ital J Anim Sci. 8(sup1):355-365.
Fregonesi JA, Leaver JD. 2001. Behaviour, performance and health indicators of welfare for dairy cows housed in strawyard or cubicle systems. Livestock production science. 68(2):205-216.
Gottardo F, Ricc R, Fregolent G, Ravarotto L, Cozzi G. 2003. Welfare and meat quality of beef cattle housed on two types of floors with the same space allowance. Ital J Anim Sci. 2(sup1):243-253.
Grandin T, Deesing MJ. 2013. Genetics and behavior during handling, restraint, and herding. In: Grandin T, Deesing MJ, editors. Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals. 2nd ed. London (UK): Academic Press; p. 115-158.
Grandin T. 1989. Behavioral principles of livestock handling. The Professional Animal Scientist. 5(2):1-11.
Hickey MC, French P, Moloney A. 2014. The effect of housing on the diurnal behavioural profile of beef heifers. Agricultural and Food Science. 23(1):2-8.
Ipema AH, Lokhorst C, Hogewerf P, de Mol RM. 2010. A tool for automated animal welfare assessment. In: International Conference on Agricultural Engineering-AgEng 2010: towards environmental technologies; Sept 6-8; Clermont-Ferrand (FR).
Jukna Č. 2001. Problems of beef cattle husbandry. In: Jatkauskas J, editor. Management of animal husbandry: current issues. Baisogala (LT): Lithuanian Institute of Animal Science; p. 24-28.
Jukna Č, Jukna V, Baltušnikienė A. 2006. Comparative analysis of meat characteristics in modern selection of Lithuanian black-and-whites and Lithuanian red cattle. Veterinarija ir zootechnika. 33(55):36-38.
Lithuanian centre of agricultural information and rural business. 2016. Number of purebred beef cattle in Lithuania. [Accessed 2017 Jul 17].
Lithuanian Ministry of Agriculture. 2009. TPT 01: 2009. Regulation for technological design of cattle buildings. [Accessed 2017 Jul 18].
Miller K, Wood-Gush DGM. 1991. Some effects of housing on the social behaviour of dairy cows. Anim Prod. 53(03):271-278.
Murphey RM, Moura Duarte FA, Torres Penedo M.C. 1980. Approachability of bovine cattle in pastures: breed comparisons and a breed× treatment analysis. Behav Genet. 10(2):171-181.
O’Driscoll K, Hanlon A, Boyle L. 2008. The effect of out-wintering pad design on the synchrony of dairy cow behavior. J Dairy Sci. 91(12):4651-4660.
Phillips CJC, Schofield SA. 1994. The effect of cubicle and straw yard housing on the behaviour, production and hoof health of dairy cows. Anim Welf. 3(1):37-44.
Piedrafita J, Quintanilla R, Sanudo C, Olleta JL, Campo MM, Panea B, Renand G, Turin F, Jabet S, Osoro K, et al. 2003. Carcass quality of 10 beef cattle breeds of the Southwest of Europe in their typical production systems. Livestock Production Science. 82:1–13.
Piovezan U, Cyrillo JNDSG, Costa MJRPD. 2013. Breed and selection line differences in the temperament of beef cattle. Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences. 35(2):207-212.
Robért BD, White BJ, Renter DG, Larson RL. 2011. Determination of lying behavior patterns in healthy beef cattle by use of wireless accelerometers. Am J Vet Res. 72(4):467-473.
Stoye S, Porter MA, Dawkins MS. 2012. Synchronized lying in cattle in relation to time of day. Livest Sci. 149(1):70-73.
Tuomisto L, Mononen J, Martiskainen P, Ahola L, Huuskonen AK. 2015. Time budgets of finishing bulls housed in an uninsulated barn or at pasture. Agricultural and Food Science. 24(3):173-182.
Waiblinger S, Baars T, Menke C. 2000. Understanding the cow - The central role of human-animal relationship in keeping horned dairy cows in loose housing. In: Hovi M, Bouilhol M, editors. Proceedings of the 3rd workshop of the NAHWOA; Oct 21-24; Clermont-Ferrand (FR). p. 62-76.