| More

Giardia sp. and Cryptosporidium sp. in Iberian Wolf

Views: 131 Downloads: 127
A.L. PEREIRA, T. L. MATEUS, L. LLANEZ, S. D. DUARTE
A.L. PEREIRA, T. L. MATEUS, L. LLANEZ, S. D. DUARTE

Abstract


A subsample consisting of fifty fecal samples from wild Iberian Wolf (Canis lupus signatus), from the northwest of Spain were collected in the field. The samples were analyzed for cysts of Giardia sp. and oocysts of Cryptosporidium sp. using a direct immunofluorescence antibody test (IFA). Giardia sp. and Cryptosporidium sp. were found in 20.0 % of the samples examined. Simple infections were more frequent (90.0 %) with seven (14.0 %) positive for Giardia sp. and two (4.0 %) positive for Cryptosporidium sp. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of occurrence of Cryptosporidium sp. in Iberian Wolf.


Keywords


Cryptosporidium; Giardia; Spain; Parasites; Wolf

Full Text:

PDF

References


Castro-Hermida AJ, García-Presedo I, González-Warleta M, Mezo M. Prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Galicia (NW, Spain). Vet. Parasitol; 2011; 179: 216-9.

Castro-Hermida AJ, García-Presedo I, Almeida A, González-Warleta M, Correia Da Costa MJ, Mezo M. Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in two areas of Galicia (NW Spain). Sci. Total Environ. 2011; 409:2451-9.

Chapron G, Kaczensky P, Linnell JD, Von Arx M, Huber D, Andrén H, Nowak S, et al. Recovery of large carnivores in Europe’s modern human-dominated landscapes. Science. 2014; 346: 1517-9.

Kloch A, Bednarska M, Bajer A. Intestinal Macro- and Microparasites of wolves (Canis lupus L.) from North- Eastern Poland recovered by coprological study. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med. J. 2005; 12:237-45.

Llaneza L, López-Bao J, Sazatornil V. Insights into wolf presence in human-dominated landscapes: the relative role of food availability, humans and landscape attributes. Divers. Distrib. 2012; 18: 459-69.

Llaneza L, García EJ, López-Bao JV. Intensity of territorial marking predicts wolf reproduction: implications for wolf monitoring. PLoS ONE. 2014; 9:e93015.

Mateo M., Hernandéz de Mingo M., de Lucio A., Morales L., Balseiro A., Espí A., Barral M., Barbero J., Habela M., Fernández-Garcia J.,Bernal R., Köster P., Cardona G and Carmena D. Ocurrence and molecular genotying of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. In wild mesocarnivores in Spain. Veterinary Parasitology, 2017;

(17)30026-2.

Mech LD, Boitani L. Wolves: behavior, ecology, conservation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; 2003.

Méndez-Hermida F, Gómez-Couso H, Romero-Suances R, Ares-Mazás E. Cryptosporidium and Giardia in wild otters (Lutra lutra). Vet. Parasitol. 2007; 144:153-156.

Paziewska A, Bednarska M, Nieweglowski H, Karbowiak G, Bajer A. Distribution of Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in selected species of protected and game mammals from North- Eastern Poland. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med. J. 2007; 14:265-70.

Plutzer J, Karanis P. Genetic polymorphism in Cryptosporidium species: An update. Vet. Parasitol. 2009; 165:187-99.

Reboredo-Fernández A, Ares-Mazás E, Cacciò MS, Gómez-Couso H. Ocurrence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in wild birds in Galicia (Northwest Spain). Parasitol. 2015; 142:917-25.

Reboredo-Fernández A, Gómez-Couso H, Martínez-Cedeira AJ, Cacciò MS, Ares-Mazás E. Detection and molecular characterization of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in common dolphins (Dephinus delphis) stranded along the Galician coast (Northwest Spain). Vet. Parasitol; 2014; 202:132-7.

Ryan U, Cacció MS. Zoonotic potencial of Giardia. Int. J. Parasitol. 2013; 43:943-53.

Savioli L, Smith H, Thompson A. Giardia and Cryptosporidium join the Neglected Diseases Initiative. Trends Parasitol. 2006; 22:203-8.

Stronen VA, Sallows T, Forbes JG, Wagner B, Paquet CP. Diseases and Parasites in Wolves of the Riding Mountain National Park Region, Manitoba, Canada. J. Wildlife Dis. 2011; 47:222-7.

Taylor AM, Coop LR, Wall LR. Parasites of dogs and cats. Veterinary Parasitology. 3rd ed. Victoria: Blackwell Publishing; 2007.

Torres J, Pérez JM, Miquel J, Feliu C, Llaneza L, Petrucci-Fonseca F. Helmintofauna del Lobo Ibérico (Canis lupus signatus Cabrera, 1907).

Aspectos potencialmente útiles en Mastozoología. Galemys. 2000; 12 (special number).

Zub K, Theuerkauf J, Jedrzejewski W, Jedrzejewska B, Schmidt K, Kowalczyk R. Wolf pack territory marking in the Bialowieza Primeval Forest (Poland). Behaviour. 2003; 140:635-48.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 A.L. PEREIRA, T.L. MATEUS, L. LLANEZ, S.D. DUARTE

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.