Parasite infection in Serranus cabrilla (Perciformes, Serranidae): histopathological aspects and new host record for nematode genus Philometra from Aegean Sea, Turkey

gonad histopathology infection Philometra Serranus cabrilla

This study was conducted to determine infection with nematode parasite Philometra sp. in gonads of Serranus cabrilla recorded in Izmir Gulf between October 2016 and July 2017. The overall prevalence was 14.46% and the mean intensity of infection 1.2 parasites per fish. The occurrence of philometrid infection on comber hosts was assessed according to several risk factors (fish length class, sex and season). Our findings suggest that the highest rates of parasite infection occur in larger sized fish, hermaphrodite individuals and during April month. The present report also revealed that marked hyperemia was the major findings of infected gonads of S. cabrilla, where parasitic nematodes caused a marked inflammatory reaction at the histopathological examination. As far as we know, this paper represents the first mention of genus Philometra in S. cabrilla from Turkey and the first presence of philometrid parasites in Aegean coast of Turkey. Furthermore, the present work is the first record of the effects of Philometra sp. parasitism on a serranid species in Izmir Gulf.

Article Details
  • Section
  • Research Articles
Download data is not yet available.
Ahmad F, Sheikh BA, Sofi OM, Sofi TA (2018) Prevalence of helminth parasites in fishes (Salmo trutta and Schizothorax plagiostomus) in India. Rev. Vet. 29 (1): 45-51.
Al-Zubaidy AB (2009) Prevalence and densities of Contracaecum sp. larvae in Liza abu (Heckel, 1843) from different Iraqi water bodies. Mar. Sci. 20: 3-17.
Alaş A, Öktener A, Yilmaz M (2009) Gnathia sp. (Gnathiidae) infestations on marine fish species from Turkey. Kafkas Univ. Vet. Fak. Derg. 15 (2): 201-204.
Ali M, Afsar N (2018) A report of occurrence of gonad infecting nematode Philometra (Costa, 1845) in host Priacanthus sp. from Pakistan. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology, 15(3): 575-580.
Bakenhaster MD, Lowerre-Barbieri S, Kiryu Y, Walters S, Fajer-Avila EJ (2014) Philometra floridensis (Nematoda: Philometridae) damages ovarian tissue without reducing host (Sciaenops ocellatus) fecundity. Dis. Aquat. Org. 108: 227–239.
Bergmann GT, Motta PJ (2004) Infection by anisakid nematodes Contracaecum spp. in the Mayan cichlid fish ‘Cichlasoma (Nandopsis)’ urophthalmus (Gunther 1862). J Parasitol. 90(2): 405-407.
Bush AO, Lafferty KD, Lotz JM, Shostak AW (1997) Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. J. Parasitol. 83:575-583.
Çakir DT, Koҫ HT (2002) Feeding habits of Serranus cabrilla (Serranidae) in Edremit Bay (North Aegean Sea). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 5: 1131-1134.
Cháves RA, Oliva ME (2011) Philometra chilensis (Nematoda, Philometridae) affects the fecundity of the red cusk-eel, Genypterus chilensis (Guichenot) (Pisces, Ophidiidae) in Chile. Acta Parasitologica 56(2):236-237.
Chabaud AG (1975) Keys to genera of the order Spirurida. Part 1. Camallanoidea, Dracunculoidea, Gnathostomatoidea, Physalopteroidea, Rictularoidea and Thelazioidea. In: R.C. Anderson, A.G. Chabaud and S. Willmott (Eds.), CIH Keys to the Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates. No. 3. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal, Bucks (UK), 27 pp.
García-Díaz MM, Tuset VM, González JA, Socorro J (1997) Sex and reproductive aspects in Serranus cabrilla (Osteichthyes: Serranidae): macroscopic and histological approaches. Marine Biology (1997) 127: 379-386.
Figus V, D’Amico V, Loddo SL, Siddu NL, Canestri Trotti G. (2005). Elminti parassiti di Serranus cabrilla (L.) (Osteichthyes, Serranidae) del Golfo di Cagliari, Mediterraneo sud-occidentale. Ittiopatologia, 2: 207-215.
Genc E, Genc MA, Genc E, Cengizler I, Can MF (2005) Seasonal variation and pathology associated with helminthes infecting two Serranids (Teleostei) of Iskenderun Bay (Northeast Mediterranean Sea), Turkey. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 5: 29-33.
Ilhan D, Akalin S, Tosunoğlu Z, Özaydin O (2010) Growth characteristics and reproduction of comber, Serranus cabrilla (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Serranidae), in the Aegean Sea. Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria 40 (1): 55-60.
Kassem HH, Bowashi SM (2015). Prevalence of Anisakid nematode larvae infecting some marine fishes from the Libyan Coast. J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. 45(3): 609-616.
Leigh-Sharpe WH (1935) Anchistrotos laqueus n. sp. a parasitic copepod of Serranus cabrilla. Parasitology 27: 266-269.
Marques JF, Cabral H (2007) Effects of sample size on fish parasite prevalence, mean abundance and mean intensity estimates. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 23(2): 158-162.
Moravec F (2004) Some aspects of the taxonomy and biology of dracunculoid nematodes parasitic in fishes: a review. Folia Parasitol. 51:1-13.
Moravec F (2006) Dracunculoid and Anguillicoloid Nematodes Parasitic in Vertebrates. Academia, Prague, 634 pp.
Moravec F, Scholz T (1995) Life history of the nematode Rhabdochona hellichi, a parasite of the barbel in the Jihlava River, Czech Republic. Journal of Helminthology 69(1): 59-64.
Moravec F, Genc E (2004) Redescription of three Philometra spp. (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the gonads of marine perciform fishes of Iskenderun Bay (North-East Mediterranean), Turkey. Acta Parasitologica 49: 31-40.
Moravec F, Ternengo S, Levron C (2006) Three species of Philometra (Nematoda, Philometridae) from marine fishes of Corsica, France. Acta Parasitologica, 2006, 51(2): 111-118.
Moravec F, de Buron I, Baker TG, González-Solís D (2008) Some gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda, Philometridae) from offshore fishes of South Carolina and Georgia, USA, including Philometra charlestonensis sp. nov. from the scamp Mycteroperca phenax. Acta Parasitologica 53(4): 382–391.
Moravec F, de Buron I (2013) A synthesis of our current knowledge of philometrid nematodes, a group of increasingly important fish parasites. Folia Parasitologica 60(2): 81-101.
Öktener A, Trilles JP, Leonardos I (2007) Five ectoparasites from Turkish fish. Türkiye Parazitoloji Dergisi, 31 (2): 154-157.
Öktener A (2014) An updated checklist of parasitic helminths of marine fish from Turkey. Transylv. Rev. Syst. Ecol. Res. 16 (2): 55-96.
Özaydın O, Uҫkun D, Akalın S, Leblebici S, Tosunoğlu Z (2007) Length–weight relationships of fishes captured from Izmir Bay, Central Aegean Sea. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 23: 695–696.
Özbek EÖ, Kebapçioğlu T, Çardak M (2016) Serranus species in the trawl catches of the Gulf of Antalya, Turkey (Eastern Mediterranean Sea). J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 22 (3): 218-236.
Özcan T, Kirkim F, Sakalı U (2015) Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (Perciformes, Serranidae) a new host record for Nerocila orbigyni (Guérin-Mèneville, 1832) (Isopoda, Cymothoidae). Iranian Journal Fisheries Sciences 14(4): 1083-1088.
Paradižnik V, Radujković B (2007) Digenea trematodes in fish of the North Adriatic Sea. Acta Adriat., 48(2): 115-129.
Perdikaris C, Grigoriou P, Leonardos I (2003) Infestation of sand smelt (Atherina boyeri and Atherina hespetus) by nematode parasites of the species Philometra tauridica Ivaskin, in the North Aegean Sea. 7th Symposium of Oceanography and Fisheries: 184.
Perez GR, Roumillat WA, Levesque EM, Connors VA, de Buron I (2009) Synchronization of occurrence of the ovarian philometrid, Philometra carolinensis, with the spawning season of its fishhost, the spotted seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus. Parasitology Research 104 (5): 1079-1085.
Pritchard MH, Kruse GO (1982) The Collection and Preservation of Animal Parasites. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska. 141 pp.
Rózsa L, Reiczigel J, Majoros G (2000) Quantifying parasites in samples of hosts. Journal of Parasitology. 86, 228–232. doi:10.1645/0022395(2000)086[0228:QPISOH]2.0.CO;2
Selvakumar P, Gopalakrishnan A, Sakthivel A (2015) Occurrence and prevalence of Philometra sp. (Nematoda: Philometridae) infection in the ovary of Lutjanus russelli (Bleeker, 1849) in southeast coast of India. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 44 (8): 1245-1251.
Strona G, Stefani F, Galli P (2010) Monogenoidean parasites of Italian marine fish: An updated checklist. Italian Journal of Zoology 77(4):419-437.
Szostakowska B, Myjak P, Wyszynski M, Pietkiewicz H, Rokicki J (2005) Prevalence of Anisakin Nematodes in Fish from southern Baltic Sea. Polish Journal of Microbiology 54: 41-45.
Torcu Koc H, Türker Cakır D, Dulcic J (2004) Age, growth and mortality of the comber, Serranus cabrilla L. (Serranidae) in the Edremit Bay (NW Aegean Sea, Turkey). Cybium 28(1): 19-25.
Most read articles by the same author(s)