| More

Biochemical composition and biometric parameters of Mytilus galloprovincialis from Boka Kotorska Bay in Southern Adriatic Sea

Views: 478 Downloads: 294
N. GRKOVIĆ, V. TEODOROVIĆ, V. DJORDJEVIĆ, N. KARABASIL, S. STAJKOVIĆ, D. VASILEV, I. ZUBER BOGDANOVIĆ, S. JANKOVIĆ, B. VELEBIT, M. DIMITRIJEVIĆ
N. GRKOVIĆ, V. TEODOROVIĆ, V. DJORDJEVIĆ, N. KARABASIL, S. STAJKOVIĆ, D. VASILEV, I. ZUBER BOGDANOVIĆ, S. JANKOVIĆ, B. VELEBIT, M. DIMITRIJEVIĆ

Abstract


This study reports, for the first time, different physico-chemical analyses, of Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from harvesting areas in the Montenegro coast of the Adriatic Sea, in order to evaluate the influence of origin on different parameters and assessed the quality of shellfish grown in this area. The Boka Kotorska Bay is situated in Montenegro, in the south-eastern part of the Adriatic Sea The mussel samples were collected at the same time in the spring of 2019 at six locations in Boka Kotorska Bay, Montenegro: Kotor and Tivat Bays. Biometric parameters, percentage of meat, condition index, proximate composition, sensory evaluation and lipid profiles of mussels were studied. The concentrations of some micro and macro elements and heavy metals in mussels, were also analyzed. Significant differences were found between mussels from different locations. Mean biometric parameters of mussels grown in Sv.Nedjelja, were considerably higher than in mussels grown elsewhere.. Protein, lipid, ash and glycogen content were varied from 7.80 to 10.26%; 1.36 to 2.18%; 1.73 to 3.34% and 12.81 to 15.38%, respectively. Gas chromatographic analysis showed that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were dominant lipids in mussels (37.56 to 41.08%), followed by monounsaturated (MUFAs) (30.52 to 38.31%) and saturated (SFAs) (21.89 to 29.45%) fatty acids. Fatty acid profiles were investigated and revealed high contents of n-3 PUFAs and high n-3/n-6 ratios in all mussels from Montenegro In the mussel samples high concentrations of K, Mg, Ca, and Na, and much lower concentrations of Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu were found. Some of toxic elements (As, Pb, Hg and Cd) were determined also.. The qualitative sensory assessment showed that all mussels were acceptable. All mussels in the current study achieved scores of 3 or more out of 5 in the qualitative category. Data on biochemical composition and quality indices of the mussels cultured in the Boka Kotorska Bay demonstrated that these products could be accepted well by consumers and could compete with other currently available mussels from other locations in Adriatic Sea.


Keywords


Mytilus galloprovincialis; proximate composition; fatty acids; heavy metals; Adriatic Sea

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alunno-Bruscia M, Bourget E, Fréchette M (2001) Shell allometry and length-mass-density relationship for Mytilus edulis in an experimental food-regulated situation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 219:177-88.

AOAC (1997). Official methods of analysis (16th ed.) Arlington, USA: Association of Official Analytical Chemists International Publ (pp. 1179).

Baek MJ, Lee YJ, Choi KS, Lee WC, Park HJ, Kwak JH, Kang CK (2014) Physiological disturbance of the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum, by altered environmental conditions in a tidal flat on the west coast of Korea. Marine pollution bulletin 78(1-2):137-45.

Bayne BL, Bayne BL, editors (1976) Marine mussels: their ecology and physiology. Cambridge University Press.

Bilandžić N, Sedak M, Čalopek B, Ðokić M, Kolanović BS, Varenina I,

Božić Ð, Varga I, Ðafić N, Mišetić D, Zrnčić S (2015) Differences in element contents of shellfish from coastal locations of Istria. Veterinarska Stanica 46(1):9-17.

Bokori J, Fekete S, Kadar I, Albert M (1995). Complex study of the physiological role of cadmium. II. Effect of cadmium load on the cadmium content of eggs. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica.;43(1):45-62.

Bongiorno T, Iacumin L, Tubaro F, Marcuzzo E, Sensidoni A, Tulli F (2015) Seasonal changes in technological and nutritional quality of Mytilus galloprovincialis from suspended culture in the Gulf of Trieste (North Adriatic Sea). Food chemistry 173:355-62.

Caglak E, Cakli S, Kilinc B (2008) Microbiological, chemical and sensory assessment of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) stored under modified atmosphere packaging European Food Research and Technology 226(6):1293-9.

Cherifi H, Ajjabi LC, Sadok S (2018) Nutritional value of the Tunisian mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis with a special emphasis on lipid quality Food chemistry 268:307-14.

Costell E & Durán L (2005) Food texture: Sensory evaluation in food engineering: Encyclopedia of life support systems, vol. II, UNESCO – EOLSS, Paris, France pp. 391–401.

Çullaj A, Lazo P, Duka S (2007) Heavy metals and metallothionein levels in mussel samples from the Albanian sea coast. Mediterranean action plan med pol 141.

Fernández A, Grienke U, Soler-Vila A, Guihéneuf F, Stengel DB, Tasdemir D (2015) Seasonal and geographical variations in the biochemical composition of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis L.) from Ireland. Food chemistry 177:43-52.

Fernández-Reiriz MJ, Duarte P, Labarta U (2007) Modelos de comportamiento alimentario en el mejillón de las rías de Galicia. Biología y cultivo del mejillón 197-223.

Fernández-Reiriz MJ, Perez-Camacho A, Ferreiro MJ, Blanco J, Planas M, Campos MJ, Labarta U (1989) Biomass production and variation in the biochemical profile (total protein, carbohydrates, RNA, lipids and fatty acids) of seven species of marine microalgae. Aquaculture 83(1-2):17-37.

Fernández-Reiriz MJ, Perez-Camacho A, Ferreiro MJ, Blanco J, Planas M, Campos MJ, Labarta U (1989) Biomass production and variation in the biochemical profile (total protein, carbohydrates, RNA, lipids and fatty acids) of seven species of marine microalgae. Aquaculture 83(1-2):17-37.

Fuentes A, Fernández-Segovia I, Escriche I, Serra JA (2009) Comparison of physico-chemical parameters and composition of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lmk.) from different Spanish origins. Food Chemistry 112(2):295-302.

Fujita T (1971) Concentration of major chemical elements in marine plankton. Geochemical Journal 4(3):143-56.

Gallardi D, Hobbs K, Mills T, Couturier C, Parrish CC, Murray HM (2014) Effects of extended ambient live holding on cultured blue mussels (Mytilus edulis L.) with reference to condition index, lipid profile, glycogen content and organoleptic testing. Aquaculture 430:149-58.

Giusti L, Zhang H (2002) Heavy metals and arsenic in sediments, mussels and marine water from Murano (Venice, Italy). Environmental geochemistry and Health 24(1):47-65.

GraphPad Prism (2017). Version 7.00 for Windows, GraphPad Software, La Jolla California, USA. Retrieved from http://www.graphpad.com

Grienke U, Silke J, Tasdemir D (2014) Bioactive compounds from marine mussels and their effects on human health. Food chemistry 142:48-60.

Henderikx F (2017) Labelling of food: a challenge for many. Veterinarski glasnik 71(1):16-23.

Ilic N, Velebit B, Teodorovic V, Djordjevic V, Karabasil N, Vasilev D, Djuric S, Adzic B, Dimitrijevic M (2017) Influence of environmental conditions on norovirus presence in mussels harvested in Montenegro. Food and environmental virology 9(4):406-14.

Irisarri J, Fernández-Reiriz MJ, De Troch M, Labarta U (2014) Fatty acids as tracers of trophic interactions between seston, mussels and biodeposits in a coastal embayment of mussel rafts in the proximity of fish cages. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 172:105-15.

ISO 5509:2000 Animal and vegetable fats and oils -- Preparation of methyl esters of fatty acids. International Organization for Standardization ISO 8587:2006 Sensory analysis — Methodology — Ranking. International Organization for Standardization

Jay JM (1996) Modern Food Microbiology, chapter 6, Seafoods (5th edn). New York: Chapman and Hall.

Jović M, Stanković S (2014) Human exposure to trace metals and possible public health risks via consumption of mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis from the Adriatic coastal area. Food and chemical toxicology 70:241-51.

Jović MD, Stanković A, Slavković-Beškoski LJ, Tomic I, Degetto S, Stanković S (2011) Mussels as a bio-indicator of the environmental quality of the coastal water of the Boka Kotorska Bay (Montenegro). Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 76(6):933-46.

Kljaković-Gašpić Z, Odžak N, Ujević I, Zvonarić T, Horvat M, Barić A (2006) Biomonitoring of mercury in polluted coastal area using transplanted mussels. Science of the total environment 368(1):199-209.

Macic V (2005) A Short Overview of the Status of Aquaculture in Montenegro. IN: Cataudella S., Massa, F.; Crosetti D.(eds) AdriaMed Expert Consultation “Interactions between Aquaculture and Capture Fisheries”. AdriaMed Technical Documents, (18).

Manthey-Karl M, Lehmann I, Ostermeyer U, Rehbein H, Schröder U (2015) Meat composition and quality assessment of king scallops (Pecten maximus) and frozen Atlantic sea scallops (Placopecten magellanicus) on a retail level. Foods 4(4):524-46.

Official Gazette of Montenegro, No 56/09, August 14, 2009. Law on Marine Fisheries and Mariculture

Okumuş İ, Stirling HP (1998) Seasonal variations in the meat weight, condition index and biochemical composition of mussels (Mytilus edulis L.) in suspended culture in two Scottish sea lochs. Aquaculture. 159(3-4):249-61.

Orban E, Di Lena G, Nevigato T, Casini I, Marzetti A, Caproni R (2002) Seasonal changes in meat content, condition index and chemical composition of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) cultured in two different Italian sites. Food Chemistry 77(1):57-65.

Plum LM, Rink L, Haase H (2010) The essential toxin: impact of zinc on human health. International journal of environmental research and public health 7(4):1342-65.

Regulation Montenegrin Food. 2002. Legislation on maximum permitted level of pesticides, heavy metals and other toxic substances, hormones, antibiotics and mycotoxins in food. Official Gazette of SRJ 5:67–85.

Spiric A, Trbovic D, Vranic D, Djinovic J, Petronijevic R, Matekalo-Sverak V (2010) Statistical evaluation of fatty acid profile and cholesterol content in fish (common carp) lipids obtained by different sample preparation procedures. Analytica chimica acta 672(1-2):66-71.

Sriket P, Benjakul S, Visessanguan W, Kijroongrojana K (2007) Comparative studies on chemical composition and thermal properties of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) and white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) meats. Food chemistry 103(4):1199-207.

Stankovic S, Jovic M, Stankovic AR, Katsikas L (2012) Heavy metals in seafood mussels. Risks for human health. In Environmental chemistry for a sustainable world 311-373.

Ščančar J, Zuliani T, Turk T, Milačič R (2007) Organotin compounds and selected metals in the marine environment of Northern Adriatic Sea. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 127(1-3):271-82.

Ventrella V, Pirini M, Pagliarani A, Trombetti F, Manuzzi MP, Borgatti AR (2008) Effect of temporal and geographical factors on fatty acid composition of M. galloprovincialis from the Adriatic sea. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 149(2):241-50.

Vernocchi P, Maffei M, Lanciotti R, Suzzi G, Gardini F (2007) Characterization of mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) harvested in Adriatic Sea (Italy). Food control 18(12):1575-83.

Vukanić V, Vukanić D, Živić ND, Jakšić T, Čanak S (2016) Hydrographic Characteristics and Plankton Structure of the Southeastern Part of the Southern Adriatic Sea. Water Research and Management 6(4):45-53.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 N. GRKOVIĆ, V. TEODOROVIĆ, V. DJORDJEVIĆ, N. KARABASIL, S. STAJKOVIĆ, D. VASILEV, I. ZUBER BOGDANOVIĆ, S. JANKOVIĆ, B. VELEBIT, M. DIMITRIJEVIĆ

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.