Serological diagnostic potential of the 38-72 kDa somatic antigen of Gastrothylax crumenifer in buffaloes using the Indirect Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

Published: Jul 10, 2022
Paramphistomes buffaloes Antigens Western blotting ELISA SDS-PAGE
Rubab Ali
Kiran Afshan
Màrius V. Fuentes
S Firasat

Paramphistomosis, caused by digenetic trematodes of the superfamily Paramphistomoidea, causes heavy economic losses in terms of reduced fertility, milk and meat production in the livestock industry. In the present study, somatic and excretory secretory antigens isolated from 500 live Gastrothylax crumenifer were assessed for their diagnostic potential by using an antibody detection enzyme immunoassay. Prior to the enzyme immunoassay, the somatic and excretory/secretory (ES) antigens of G. crumenifer were subjected to SDS-PAGE and Western blot (WB) for the detection of immunogenic proteins. Indirect ELISA analysis was performed on sera from buffaloes naturally infected with G. crumenifer, with control sera of buffaloes infected with Gigantocotyle explanatum, Fasciola spp., Cotylophoron /Paramphistomum spp. The SDS-PAGE results of the somatic products of G. crumenifer identified proteins were between 10-123 kDa, showing a maximum abundance of 10, 15, 25-28, 36, 38-72, 95-123 kDa proteins. The most abundant proteins recorded in ES product were ≥95, 72, 55 and 40 kDa. The antigenic analysis of somatic proteins using WB revealed reactive polypeptides of a size between 55-70 kDa, while metabolic extracts did not show reactivity with naturally infected buffalo sera. The sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA test for 38-72 kDa somatic antigens were 85.71% and 89.74%, respectively. The cross-reactivity with other trematode sera was 16-20%. Antibodies were tested against the 38-72 kDa somatic antigens, and 19.69% (39/198) of buffaloes were found positive, while 12.1% (24/198) presented infection in the fecal/postmortem examination. The study confirmed that ELISA established for the 38-72 kDa somatic antigens of G. crumenifer had diagnostic potential against paramphistome infections.

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Author Biographies
Rubab Ali, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan
Kiran Afshan, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan
Assistant Professor
Màrius V. Fuentes, Parasites and Health Research Group, Departament de Farmàcia I Tecnologia Farmacèutica I Parasitologia, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de València, Avinguda de Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100 Burjassot, València, Spain
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