Use of a Global Positioning System (GPS) to Manage Extensive Sheep Farming and Pasture Land


Published: Nov 9, 2022
Updated: 2022-11-09
Versions:
2022-11-09 (2)
Keywords:
GPS animal tracking pasture management extensive sheep breeding sheep behavior
O Ermetin
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3404-0452
Y Karadağ
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0523-9470
AK Yıldız
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6472-5276
ÖF Karaca
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6302-9738
H Tüfekçi
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9591-6625
Y Tufan
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0897-9466
AN Kayaalp
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7752-5663
Abstract

The terrestrial climate is not sufficient to produce enough food to meet the roughage needs of the animals benefiting from the pasture lands because of excessive and early grazing of those areas. Plant growth is adversely affected in pastures that are not uniformly grazed. Tracking animals using the Global Positioning System (GPS) is a very important factor in determining the uniform distribution of grazing animals in a pasture, increasing the utilization rate of the pasture, and saving costs and time. With GPS tracking systems, establishing more effective pasture-use systems by monitoring the feeding regimes of small animals, the status of feed in the pasture, and the grazing behavior of the animals would be possible. The present study aimed to investigate the use of GPS for pasture and herd management in Turkey in addition to using the traditional techniques.

In the present study conducted in the village of Köseyusuflu in Yozgat Province in May 2017, 2018, and 2019, grazing benefits that were determined from the pasture containing two Akkaraman sheep herds were recorded using GPS tracking devices. The results suggested that the area covered with vegetation along the sheep’s spring grazing routes varied between 43.6 and 62.9%, the ratio of legumes in the pasture grass in the low grazing areas was between 0.50 and 4.10%, and the grass species were between 12.75 and 44.50%. We determined that the sheep in herd A traveled between 7.6 and 9.9 km, while the sheep in herd B traveled between 4.7 and 5.7 km daily, and the two herds grazed an average of between 122 and 254 daa.
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Author Biographies
O Ermetin, Yozgat Bozok University, Agriculture Faculty, Yozgat Turkey

Department of Animal Science

Y Karadağ, Faculty of Applied Science, University of Muş Alparslan, Muş, Turkey

Department of Plant Production and Technologies

AK Yıldız, Faculty of Engineering, University of Yozgat Bozok, Yozgat, Turkey.

Department of  Biosystem Engineering

ÖF Karaca, Faculty of Engineering, University of Yozgat Bozok, Yozgat, Turkey.

Department of  Biosystem Engineering

Y Tufan, Faculty of Applied Science, University of Muş Alparslan, Muş, Turkey.

Department of Plant Production and Technologies,

AN Kayaalp, Faculty of Applied Science, University of Muş Alparslan, Muş, Turkey.

Department of Plant Production and Technologies,

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