Diverse Approaches to Negotiating and Transforming Industrial Architectural Heritage

Published: Dec 22, 2022
Industrial Architectural Heritage Adaptive Reuse Place Engage-ment Urban Sites Collective Memory
Dimitrios Makris
Maria Moira

The Industrial buildings of the 19th and 20th century on the outskirts of Athens, Piraeus, Chalkida, Xanthi, Karditsa – architectural tokens of a violent, sweeping deindustrialization – claim a new life and a new identity. The tobacco warehouse in Xanthi, the soap and pomace oil plant in Chalkida, the old ware-houses of the railway station in Karditsa, the fertilizer plant in Drapetsona (Pi-raeus), the Votrys spirits and alcohol factory in Sepolia (Athens) – they are all being transformed and rearranged, acquiring a new form and structure, aspiring to be reintegrated into the urban reality and play a brand new active role in the socio-political scene.
This paper presents, through a series of research proposals, distinct ways to ap-proach, manage and negotiate this ready-made and readily available architectural “raw material.” It showcases ways to highlight and cross-pollinate past usage and historical memory with a process of reinterpretation, reframing and revitalization of industrial ruins. Understanding architecture as a complex and open activity allows for a degree of compromise and conciliation with the locus, the memory, the material imprints, the history of a city. When the anthropocentric focus takes precedence over practicality, commerciality, the ideology of pomposity and the culture of opulence and technocratic sensationalism; when synthetic gesture al-lows the integration of tangible and intangible traces of the past to produce new spaces that show care for the collective needs and sensibilities of the citizens and address demands and visions of the community; then the architectural conception is fulfilling its primary role: to be in the core of scientific processes that modify, revitalize and transform the existing urban matter.

Article Details
  • Section
  • Uni and interdisciplinary approach for the sustainable preservation of Cultural Heritage
Baudrillard, J.: The singular objects of architecture. Jean Baudrillard and Jean Nouvel. Translated by Bononno R. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, USA (2005).
Grosz, E.: Architecture from the Outside: Essays on Virtual and Real Space, Cambridge, MIT Press, MA, USA (2001).
The Declaration of Amsterdam. Congress on the European Architectural Heritage, 21–25 October 1975. https://www.icomos.org/en/and/169-the-declaration-of-amsterdam, last ac-cessed 2021/07/11, (1975).
Bridge G. Watson, S.: City Imaginaries. In eds. Bridge G., Watson S. A Companion to the City, pp.6–17. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford (2003).
Moira M., Makris D.: Cultural memory in its spatio-narrative augmented reality. Interna-tional Journal of Media & Cultural Politics vol. 14 (2) pp.151–169. https://doi.org/10.1386/macp.14.2.153_1, (2018).
Massey, D.: For Space. London and Thousand Oaks, Sage, CA (2005).
Delgado, M.: Memoria y lugar: El espacio público como crisis de significado, Ediciones Generales de la Construcción. Valencia (2001).
Boyer, C.: The City of Collective Memory, The MIT Press, Cambridge (1994).
Rau S. and Ekkehard Schönherr Ekkehard, eds.: Mapping Spatial Relations. Their Percep-tions and Dynamics. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, Springer, Cham (2014).
UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Herit-age. Paris, November 1972. https://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/, last accessed 2021/07/11. (1972).
Plevoets, B.; van Cleempoel, K.: Adaptive Reuse of Built Heritage: Concepts and Cases of an Emerging Discipline. Routledge, London, UK (2019).
Brooker, G., Stone, S.: Re-Readings.: Interior Architecture and the Design Principles of Re-modelling Existing Buildings. RIBA Enterprises, London, UK (2004).
Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (Faro Convention). October 2005. https://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list/-/con-ventions/treaty/199?module=treaty-detail&treatynum=199. last accessed 2021/07/11.(2015).
Seamon, D.: Place attachment in phenomenology: the synergistic dynamism of place. In: Manzol C., Devine-Wright P. Place attachment: advances in theory, methods and applica-tion. pp.11–22. Routledge, New York (2014).
Erll, A.: Memory in Culture (trans. Young S. B.), Palgrave Macmillan. Hampshire, UK (2011).
Stavridis, S.: Suspended Spaces of Alterity. Alexandria Editions, Athens (2010).
Halbwachs, M.: The collective memory. Harper & Row Colophon Books, New York, USA (1980).
ICOMOS. New Zealand Charter for Conservation of Places of Cultural Heritage Value, New Zealand. 2010. https://www.icomos.org/iages/DOCUMENTS/Charters/ICOMOS_NZ_Charter_2010_FINAL_11_Oct_2010.pdf, last accessed 2021/07/11.
ICOMOS The Australia Charter for Places of Cultural Significance (Burra Charter), Burra. 2013. http://portal.iphan.gov.br/uploads/ckfinder/arquivos/The-Burra-Charter-2013-Adopted-31_10_2013.pdf, last accessed 2021/07/11. (2013).
The Nizhny Tagil Charter for the Industrial Heritage. Originated by TICCIH, July, 2003. www.ticcih.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/NTagilCharter.pdf, last accessed 2021/07/11,(2003).
Québec Declaration on Preservation of the Spirit of Place, Canada, October 2008. https://whc.unesco.org/uploads/activities/documents/activity-646-2.pdf, last accessed 2021/07/11, (2008).
Saliari, E., Stamogiannopoulou, A.: Arethousa culture and events center. Dissertation, Uni-versity of West Attica, Department of Interior Architecture, Athens (2021).
Loukaiti E, Grypari P.: Center for the study and promotion of Greek wine at the industrial site of the Votrys winery and distillery in Sepolia, Dissertation, University of West Attica, Department of Interior Architecture, Athens (2020).
Mourvaki, E.: Ioannis Sidiropoulos Tobacco Warehouse Building Complex in Xanthi Mul-tipurpose Artspace 180o, Dissertation, University of West Attica, Department of Interior Ar-chitecture, Athens (2019).
Kechra A., Kotoula I.: Revival of the institution of the Municipal Market in a space of tran-sitions: Reuse of the Karditsa Railway Station buildings, Dissertation, University of West Attica, Department of Interior Architecture, Athens (2020).
Glykofreidi M., Roumpani K.: The building of the Drapetsona Glassworks, AREA F . Dis-sertation, University of West Attica, Department of Interior Architecture, (2018).
Thrift, N.J.: With Child to See any Strange Thing: Everyday Life in the City. In: (eds) Bridge G., Watson S., A Companion to the City, https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470693414.ch34, (2003).
Urry, J.: City Life and the Senses. In: (eds) Bridge G., Watson S., A Companion to the City,(2003). https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470693414.ch33.
Tuan, Y.F.: Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience. Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd. London (1977).
UNESCO. UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Paris, 2011. https://whc.unesco.org/uploads/activities/documents/activity-638--98.pdf, last accessed 2021/07/11, (2011).
De Certeau, M.: The Practice of Everyday Life, trans. S. Rendall. University of California Press, Berkeley (1984).