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Ιδεολογικές συνέπειες της κοινωνικής διαμάχης στη Σμύρνη: (1809-1810)


Δημοσιευμένα: Jan 1, 1982
Πασχάλης Μ. Κιτρομηλίδης
Περίληψη

One of the most articulate sources of social criticism of the Neohellenic
Enlightenment has been preserved in an Athonite manuscript and
although known to earlier researchers it has remained unpublished apparently
because of its radical anticlerical bent. The original stimulation
for the composition of the text was provided by the conservative reactions
which managed to temporarily close down the school of modern
learning (Philological Gymnasium) in Smyrna after its first year of operation
(1809 - 1810). The anonymous author gives many details about
the social conflicts in the city, talks about the persecution of the Enlightened
intelligentsia in Western Asia Minor by conservative clerical intellectuals
and broadens his attack against the exploitative social practices
and corruption that characterized the conduct of most hierarchs
of the Orthodox Church in the period just before the outbreak of the
Greek Revolution. This is a first attempt to make large sections of this
important source available to the study of Modern Greek thought. Those
parts of the text that present special theoretical or historical interest
are edited and published, followed by the detailed commentary and documentation
which is necessary to place the text in its relevant context.

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