Work-life balance in Greece: A State-of-The-Art Review

Published: Jan 31, 2024
work-family balance work-life conflict negative spillover positive spillover work-family conflict
Anna Anastasopoulou
Eftichia Vraimaki
Panagiotis Trivellas

In today's working and living conditions, work-life balance (WLB) issues have come more forcefully to the foreground. This paper offers a state-of-the-art review of scholarly research on WLB in Greece from 2011 to 2021. Greece is an interesting case as it had to manage the side effects of a tremendous economic crisis and the disruptions caused by the pandemic and the war in Ukraine. The interdisciplinary character and the WLB determinants identified in empirical research are highlighted and discussed. The paper stresses the need to re-examine previous research to better understand WLB under the new realities and orient future research.

Article Details
  • Section
  • Position Papers
Download data is not yet available.
Author Biographies
Anna Anastasopoulou , Agricultural University of Athens

Researcher, Department of Agribusiness and Supply Chain Management, ORIMAS Lab, Agricultural University of Athens, Greece

Eftichia Vraimaki, University of West Attica

Assistant Professor, Department of Archival, Library & Information Studies, Information Management Research Lab, University of West Attica, Greece

Panagiotis Trivellas, Agricultural University of Athens

Professor, Department of Agribusiness and Supply Chain Management, ORIMAS Lab, Agricultural University of Athens, Greece

Alipranti-Maratou, L., Katsis, A. and Papadimitriou, P. (Eds.). (2017). Work-life (im)balance: A quantitative research in Greece during the crisis. Family and Childcare Centre.
Atenstaedt, R. (2012). Word cloud analysis of the BJGP. The British Journal of General Practice, 62 (596), p. 148.
Bessa, I. (2012). Flexible work arrangements in Greece: Theoretical perspectives and evidence from employers and employees [Doctoral dissertation, City University London].
Blossfeld, H.-P. and Drobnic, S. (2001). Careers of couples in contemporary society: From male breadwinner to dual-earner families. Oxford University Press.
Chatrakul Na Ayudhya, U., Prouska, R. and Beauregard, T. A. (2019). The impact of global economic crisis and austerity on quality of working life and work-life balance: A capabilities perspective. European Management Review, 16 (4), pp. 847-862.
Daskalaki, M., Fotaki, M. and Simosi, M. (2021). The gendered impact of the financial crisis: Struggles over social reproduction in Greece. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 53 (4), pp. 741-762.
Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Princeton University Press.
Germotsi, V., Moschovakou, N. and Papagiannopoulou, M. (2016). Field research report: Gender equality in workforce: The reconciliation of work and family/private life in Greek Industries (In Greek). Research Centre for Gender Equality.
Giannikis, S. K. and Mihail, D. M. (2011). Flexible work arrangements in Greece: A study of employee perceptions. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22 (2), pp. 417-432.
Glaveli, N. (2014). Human resource management: Work-family reconciliation (In Greek) [Doctoral dissertation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki].
Glaveli, N., Karassavidou, E. and Zafiropoulos, K. (2013). Relationships among three facets of family-supportive work environments, work–family conflict and job satisfaction: A research in Greece. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24 (20), pp. 3757-3771.
Gnosi Anaptyxiaki Symvouleftiki IKE. (2018). The impact of economic crisis on Greek families: The transformation of gender relations, identities and roles, the challenge of balancing work and family life and the challenge faced by single-parent families – Suggestions for policy makers (In Greek) [Research report].
Kalaitzi, S., Cheung, K. L., Hiligsmann, M., Babich, S. and Czabanowska, K. (2019). Exploring women healthcare leaders’ perceptions on barriers to leadership in Greek context. Frontiers in Public Health, 7.
Karassavidou, E. and Glaveli, N. (2015). Work-family balance through border theory lens: The case of a company “driving in the fast lane”. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 34 (1), pp. 84-97.
Katou, A. (2021). Examining the mediating role of work-family balance in the core self-evaluations – organizational performance relationship: A multilevel study. Employee Relations: The International Journal, 44 (1), pp. 136–155.
Komseli, F., Kalogeropoulos, K., Kasselouri, E., Kitonakis, N., Kyparissis, D. and Papamichail, G. (2017). Exploring expectations and stereotypes of Greek public sector employees for human resources consulting in the context of the public sector career design (In Greek) [Research report]. National Centre for Public Administration & Local Government Digital Repository.
Lalioti, V. (2017). Sustainability of work over the life course: The case of Greece (In Greek). Social Science Tribune (Το Βήμα των Κοινωνικών Επιστημών), 68, pp. 9-35.
Lamprinou, V. D. I., Tasoulis, K. and Kravariti, F. (2021). The impact of servant leadership and perceived organisational and supervisor support on job burnout and work–life balance in the era of teleworking and COVID-19. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 42 (7), pp. 1071-1088.
Meleti, V. (2020). Gender inequality and employment in the banking sector: The “glass ceiling” effect and policies (In Greek) [Doctoral dissertation, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences].
Meliou, E. (2020). Family as a eudaimonic bubble: Women entrepreneurs mobilizing resources of care during persistent financial crisis and austerity. Gender, Work & Organization, 27 (2), pp. 218-235.
Miliopoulou, G.-Z. and Kapareliotis, I. (2021). The toll of success: Female leaders in the “women-friendly” Greek advertising agencies. Gender, Work & Organization, 28 (5), pp. 1741-1765.
Papageorgiou, A. (2020). The emergence of desperate optimists: Μanaging the start-up working life in times of crisis. The Greek Review of Social Sciences (Επιθεώρηση Κοινωνικών Ερευνών), 153, pp. 141-166.
Perrotis, K. (2014). Occupational stress and wellbeing in the underwater mission unit/Hellenic Coast Guard-Greece [Doctoral dissertation, Lancaster University].
Rafailidou, M. K. (2012). Glass ceiling in business from an institutional theory perspective (In Greek) [Doctoral dissertation, Athens University Economics and Business].
Skoufi, G. I., Lialios, G. A., Papakosta, S., Constantinidis, T. C., Galanis, P. and Nena, E. (2017). Shift work and quality of personal, professional, and family life among health care workers in a rehabilitation center in Greece. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 21 (3), pp. 115-120.
Symeonaki, M., Hatzivarnava, E., Kazani, A., Stamatopoulou, G., Athanasopoulou, A. and Parsanoglou, D. (2020). Work, family, companionship, and parenthood during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic (In Greek). Social Policy (Κοινωνική Πολιτική), 13, pp. 5-43.
Thanopoulou, M. and Tsiganou, I. (Eds.). (2016). Women between work and family during the crisis: Case studies (In Greek). National Centre for Social Research.
Trivellas, P., Anastasopoulou, A. and Vraimaki, E. (2017). Work life balance: research methodology & findings of quantitative & qualitative analysis [Unpublished research report]. TEI of Sterea Ellada.
Xhaho, A., Çaro, E. and Bailey, A. (2021). Empowerment or a double burden? Work, family, and agency among Albanian migrant women in Greece. Gender, Place & Culture, 28 (10), pp. 1431-1451.
Xypolytas, N., Vassilikou, K. and Fouskas, T. (2017). Migrant domestic workers: Family, community, and crisis. Journal of Modern Greek Studies, 35 (1), pp. 89-110.