| More

LIQUEFACTION SUSCEPTIBILITY MAP OF GREECE

Views: 352 Downloads: 203
G. Papathanassiou, S. Valkaniotis, Al. Chaztipetros, S. Pavlides
G. Papathanassiou, S. Valkaniotis, Al. Chaztipetros, S. Pavlides

Abstract


The basic goal of this study is the delineation of liquefaction susceptibility zones by correlating geological, geomorphological, seismological and past liquefaction occurrences information. A liquefaction susceptibility map should be used as a screening guide by decision makers for avoiding in advance prone to liquefaction areas. In order to compile this map, we took into consideration published data regarding the surficial distribution of geological units (IGME), the seismic hazard zonation in Greece as it is defined by the Earthquake Palling and Protection Organization and the distribution of historical liquefaction occurrences provided by the relatively database DALO v1.0 http://users.auth.gr/gpapatha/dalo.htm ). Initially, Quaternary age deposits were classified into categories of susceptibility based on their age and depositional process, having considered the designed value of acceleration. Afterwards, areas where past liquefaction occurrences were reported have been upgraded one level. The result obtained by this study is that as very high susceptibility zones are considered the coastal areas at the Ionian Islands and at the Gulf of Corinth

Keywords


liquefaction; hazard; susceptibility; Greece;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andrews, D.C., and Martin, G.R., 2000. Criteria for liquefaction of silty sands, In: 12th World Conference

on Earthquake Engineering, Auckland, New Zealand

XLIII, No 3 – 1390

Fig. 5: Liquefaction susceptibility map of Greece.

XLIII, No 3 – 1391

EAK, 2000. Greek Seismic Code, OASP, Athens, 72 pp and 7 Appendixes

CDMG, 1999. Guidelines for analyzing and mitigating liquefaction hazards in California, California Department

of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, Special Publication 117, p. 63

Holzer, T.L. Bennett, M.J., Noce, T.E., Padovani, A.C., Tisnley, J. C. III., 2002. Liquefaction hazard and

shaking amplification mpas of Alameda, Berkeley, Emeryville, Oakland, and Piedmont, California:

A digital database. U.S. Geological Survey Open File Rep. 02-296 (version 1.0), U.S. Geological

Survey, Menlo Park, Calif., (http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of02-296 )

IGME. 1989. Seismotectonic map of Greece, 1:500000 scale

Iwasaki, T., Tatsuoka, F., Tokida, K., Yasyda, S., 1978. A practical method for assessing soil liquefaction

potential based on case studies at various sites in Japan. Proceedings. 2nd Int. Conf. on Microzonation,

San Francisco, 2, 885-896

Knudsen, K.L., Lettis, W.R., 1997, Preliminary maps showing Quaternary geology of twenty 7.5-minute

quadrangles, eastern Stockton, California, 1:100,000 quadrangle: National Earthquake Hazards Reduction

Program, U.S. Geological Survey, Final Technical Report, Award #1434-94-G-2499.

Knudsen, K.L., J.M. Sowers, R.C. Witter, C.M. Wentworth, E.J. Helley, 2000, Preliminary Maps of Quaternary

Deposits and Liquefaction Susceptibility, Nine-County San Francisco Bay Region, California:

A Digital Database, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00- 444. Digital Database by

Wentworth, C.M., Nicholson, R.S., Wright, H.M., and Brown, K.H. Online Version 1.0.

Papathanassiou G, Pavlides S, Christaras B, Pitilakis K (2005) “Liquefaction case histories and empirical

relations of earthquake magnitude versus distance from the broader Aegean Region, Journal of Geodynamics,

, 257-278

Papathanassiou G., Valkaniotis S., Pavlides Sp, 2008. Geo-engineering mapping with respect to liquefaction

susceptibility of the region of Thrace, North-eastern Greece, Proceedings of the 31st General

Assembly of the European Seismological Commission ESC 2008 Hersonissos, Crete, Greece, 7-12

September 2008

Papathanassiou G,. and Pavlides Sp., 2009. GIS-based DAtabase of historicalLiquefaction Occurrences

in broader Aegean region, DALO v1.0, Proceedings of the EarthquakeGeotechnical Engineering

Satellite Conference XVIIth International Conference on Soil Mechanics & Geotechnical Engineering

-3. 10. 2009, Alexandria, Egypt

Seed H.B., and Idriss, I.M., 1982. Ground motion and soil liquefaction during earthquakes, monograph,

EERI, Oakland, Ca, 134 pp.

Seed, R.B., Cetin, O.K., Moss, R.E.S., Kammerer, A.M., Wu, J., Pestana, J.M., Riemer, M.F., Sancio,

R.B., Bray, J.D., Kayen, R.E., Faris, A., 2003. Recent advances in soil liquefaction engineering: a

unified and consistent framework, 26th annual ASCE L.A. Geot. Spring Sem., Long Beach, California,

April 30, 71 pp

TC4, 1999. Manual for zonation on seismic geotechnical hazards (revised version), Technical Committee

of Earthquake geotechnical engineering ISSMGE, pp. 219

Tinsley, J.C., Youd, T.L., Perkins, D.M., Chen, A.T.F, 1985, Evaluating Liquefaction Potential, in Ziony,

J.I., ed., Evaluating earthquake hazards in the Los Angeles Region - an earth science perspective:

U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1360, 263-316.

Tsuchida, H., 1971. Estimation of liquefaction potential of sandy soils, Proceedings of the 3rd Joint Meeting,

US-Japan, UNJR

Youd, T.L., 1973. Liquefaction, flow and associated ground failure: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 688,

pp.

Youd T.L (1984) Recurrence of liquefaction at the same site, Proceedings of the 8th World Conference

(3)

on Earthquake Engineering, 3, 231-238

Youd, T.L., 1998. Screening guide for rapid assessment of liquefaction hazard at highway bridge site,

Technical report MCEER-98-0005, 58 pp.

Youd, T.L., Idriss, I.M., 1978. Mapping of liquefaction induced ground failure potential, J. Geotech Eng

Div., ASCE, 117, 1, 35-50

Youd, T.L., Perkins, D.M., 1987. Mapping of Liquefaction Severity Index, J. Geotech Eng Div, ASCE,

, 11, 1374-1392

Youd, T.L., Idriss, I.M., Andrus, R.D., Arango, I., Castro, G., Christian, J.T., Dobry, R., Finn, W.D.L.,

Harder, L.F., Hynes, M.E., Ishihara, K., Koester, J.P., Liao, S.S.C., Marcurson, III WF, Marti, G.R.,

Mitchell, J.K., Moriwaki, Y., Power, M.S., Robertson, P.K., Seed, R.B., Stokoe II K.H. 2001. Liquefaction

resistance of soils: summary report from the 1996 NCEER and 1998 NCEER/NSF workshops

on evaluation of liquefaction resistance of soils, J. Geotec. Geoenv. Eng., 817-833

Wang, W., 1979. Some findings in soil liquefaction, Research report, water conservancy and hydroelectric

power scientific research institute, Beijing, August.

Wakamatsu, K., 1992. Evaluation of liquefaction susceptibility based on detailed geomorphological classification,

Proceedings of the Technical Papers of Annual Meeting Architectural Institute of Japan,

B, 1443-1444 (in Japanese)

Wakamatsu K,. 1993. History of Soil liquefaction in Japan and Assessment of Liquefaction Potential

based on Geomorphology, PhD Thesis, Waseda University Tokyo, Japan, 245pp.

Witter, C.R., Knudsen, L.K., Sowers, M.J., Wentworth, M.C., Koehler, D.R., Randolph, C.E., 2006. Maps

of Quaternary Deposits and liquefaction susceptibility in the Central San Francisco Bay Regio, California,

Open file report 2006-1037, USGS, pp. 43


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 G. Papathanassiou, S. Valkaniotis, Al. Chaztipetros, S. Pavlides

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.