| More

Where have all the youngest gone? The postlarval and young stages of the Mediterranean endangered limpet Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791

Views: 766 Downloads: 670
J. GUALLART, J. B. PEÑA, Á. A. LUQUE, J. TEMPLADO
J. GUALLART, J. B. PEÑA, Á. A. LUQUE, J. TEMPLADO

Abstract


Recruits of Patella ferruginea are hardly seen in their habitat, hence the precise level where they settle and the morphology of the earliest growth stages remain unknown. The earliest postlarval stages of this species are here described for the first time, based on specimens both obtained through controlled reproduction and observed in its natural environment in Chafarinas Islands (North Africa). Young postlarval specimens of 290 μm in length settled slightly below the water level on aquaculture tank floating Petri dishes. Specimens of about 4 mm were found in its natural habitat at the level of the vermetid gastropod Dendropoma lebeche, whereas those larger than 8 mm were found at this level, but also in the upper midlittoral, at the Chthamalus spp. fringe.

The characteristic starlike shell and colour pattern with alternating concentric dark and light bands of young specimens appeared at about 8 mm. Smaller specimens have a more or less oval shell and dark radial bands. This information is useful for future non-invasive studies on the recruitment of this endangered species, but further information about the postlarval stages of the other three Mediterranean patellid species is needed to distinguish specimens smaller than 3 mm.

 


Keywords


Patella ferruginea; Mollusca; Gastropoda; Patellidae; postlarval stages; Mediterranean; endangered species; conservation.

Full Text:

PDF SUPPL.FILE

References


BOE, 1999. Orden de 9 de junio de 1999 por la que se incluyen en el Catálogo Nacional de Especies Amenazadas determinadas especies de cetáceos, de invertebrados marinos y de flora y por la que otras especies se excluyen o cambian de categoría. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 148, 23921-23922.

Casu, M., Casu, D., Lai, T., Cossu, P., Curini-Galletti, M., 2006. Inter Simple Sequence Repeat markers revealed strong genetic differentiation among populations of the endangered mollusc Patella ferruginea (Gastropoda: Patellidae) from two Sardinian Marine Protected Areas. Marine Biology, 149, 1163-1174.

Casu, M., Sanna, D., Cristo, B., Lai, T., Dedola, G.L. et al., 2010. COI sequencing as tool for the taxonomic attribution of Patella spp. (Gastropoda): the case of morphologically undistinguishable juveniles settled on a Patella ferruginea adult. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 90 (7), 1449-1454.

Coppa, S., De Lucia, G.A., Massaro, G., Magni P., 2012. Density and distribution of Patella ferruginea in a Marine Protected

Area (western Sardinia, Italy): Constraint analysis for population conservation. Mediterranean Marine Science, 13 (1), 108-117.

Espinosa, F., 2009. Populational status of the endangered mollusc Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791 (Gastropoda, Patellidae) on Algerian islands (SW Mediterranean). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 32 (1), 19-28.

Espinosa, F., González, A.R., Maestre, M.J., Fa, D., Guerra-García, J.M. et al., 2008. Responses of the endangered limpet Patella ferruginea to reintroduction under different environmental conditions: survival, growth rates and life-history. Italian Journal of Zoology, 75 (4), 371-384.

Espinosa, F., Rivera-Ingraham, G., García-Gómez, J.C., 2011. Influence of habitat structure and nature of substratum on limpet recruitment: Conservation implications for endangered species. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 94, 164-171.

Espinosa, F., Rivera-Ingraham, G., Maestre, M., González, A. R., Bazairi, H. et al., 2013. Updated global distribution of the threatened marine limpet Patella ferruginea (Gastropoda: Patellidae): an example of biodiversity loss in the Mediterranean. Oryx, 48 (2), 266-275.

Frenkiel, L., 1975. Contribution à l’étude des cycles de reproduction des Patellidae en Algérie. Pubblicazione della Stazione zoologica di Napoli, 39 (suppl.), 153-189.

Giudicelli, S., Recorbet, B., Frisoni, G.F., 1999. Inventaire de la population d’Arapèdes géantes (Patella ferruginea) de la base marine d’Aspretto et ses abords à Ajaccio (Corse du Sud). Travaux Scientifiques Parc Naturel Régional de Corse et Reserves Naturelles, 59, 91-119.

Guallart, J., Calvo, M., Cabezas, P., 2010. Hermafroditismo en la lapa ferruginosa (Patella ferruginea) (Mollusca, Patellidae), especie catalogada “en peligro de extinción”. p. 150. In: Libro de Resúmenes del XVI Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina, Alicante, 6-10 September 2010. Universidad de Alicante, Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada, Alicante.

Guallart, J., Acevedo, I., Calvo, M., 2012a. Reclutamiento de la lapa amenazada Patella ferruginea (Mollusca, Patellidae) en las Islas Chafarinas (Mediterráneo SW). p. 15. In: Libro de Resúmenes, III Simposio Internacional de Ciencias del Mar, Cádiz, 24-26 January 2012. Universidad de Cádiz, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, Cádiz.

Guallart, J., Acevedo, I., Calvo, M., 2012b. Estimas de edad y crecimiento de la lapa amenazada Patella ferruginea (Mollusca, Patellidae) en las islas Chafarinas (Mediterráneo occidental). Revista de Investigación Marina (XVII Iberian Symposium on Marine Biology Studies, Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain), 19 (6), 181.

Guallart, J., Templado, J., Calvo, M., Acevedo, I., Bonilla, E. et al., 2012c. Avances científicos en la conservación de Patella ferruginea. Lychnos, Cuadernos de la Fundación General CSIC, 5, 40-45.

Guallart, J., Acevedo, I., Calvo, M., Machordom, A., 2013a. Protocolo no letal para la obtención de muestras de tejido (para estudios genéticos) en la lapa amenazada Patella ferruginea (Mollusca, Patellidae). Iberus, 31 (2), 171-174.

Guallart, J., Calvo, M., Acevedo, I., Templado, J., 2013b. Two-way sex change in the endangered limpet Patella ferruginea (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Invertebrate Reproduction & Development, 57 (3), 247-253. Guallart, J., Luque, Á.A., Acevedo, I., Calvo, M., 2013c. Distribución y censo actualizado de la lapa ferrugínea (Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791) en el litoral de Melilla (Mediterráneo suroccidental). Iberus, 31 (1), 21-51.

Guallart, J., Peña, J.B., Pérez-Larruscaín, J., Calvo, M., Acevedo, I., 2013d. Estrategias para la obtención mediante técnicas de acuicultura de juveniles de Patella ferruginea (Mollusca, Patellidae), especie “en peligro de extinción”, y valoración de su uso para la conservación. p. 240–241. In: Libro de Resúmenes XIV Congreso Nacional Acuicultura, Gijón, 23-25 September 2013. Sociedad Española de Acuicultura, Gijón.

Guallart, J., Templado, J., 2016. Distribución, abundancia y selección del hábitat de Patella ferruginea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) en las islas Chafarinas (Mediterráneo suroccidental). Iberus, 34 (2), 127-172.

Kay, M.C., Emlet, R.B., 2002. Laboratory spawning, larval development, and metamorphosis of the limpets Lottia digitalis and Lottia asmi (Patellogastropoda, Lottiidae). Invertebrate Biology, 121 (1), 11-24.

Laborel-Deguen, F., Laborel, J., 1991a. Statut de Patella ferruginea en Méditerranée. pp. 91-103. In: Les espèces marines à protéger en Méditerranée, Boudouresque, C.F., Avon, M., Gravez, V., (Eds.). GIS Posidonie publ., Marseille, France.

Laborel-Deguen, F., Laborel, J., 1991b. Nouvelles observations sur la population de Patella ferruginea Gmel. de Corse. pp. 105-117. In: Les espèces marines à protéger en Méditerranée, Boudouresque, C.F., Avon, M., Gravez, V., (Eds.). GIS Posidonie publ., Marseille, France.

Lima, F.P., Queiroz, N., Ribeiro, P.A., Hawkins, S.J., Santos, A.M., 2006. Recent changes in the distribution of a marine gastropod, Patella rustica Linnaeus, 1758, and their relationship to unusual climatic events. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 812-822.

Mari, X., Meinesz, A., De Vaugelas, J., 1998. Répartition de Lithophyllum lichenoides (Rhodophyta), de Cystoseira amentacea var. stricta (Chromophyta), de Patella ferruginea (Mollusca) et des zones polluées par les hydrocarbures de l’ile Lavezzu (réserve naturelle des Lavezzi, Corse). Travaux scientifiques du Parc naturel régional et des réserves naturelles de Corse, 57, 145-162.

Meinesz, C., Soulet, C., Bottin, L., Cottalorda J.-M., Markovic, L. et al., 2001. Evolution des espèces médiolittorales dans la zone de protection intégrale de la réserve naturelle de Scandola (Corse). Ed. Laboratoire ECOMERS. Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, 71 pp.

MMAMRM, 2008. Estrategia para la conservación de la lapa ferruginea (Patella ferruginea) en España. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, Gobierno de España, Madrid, 49 pp.

Moreno, D., Arroyo M.C., 2008. Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791. p. 308-319. In: Libro Rojo de los Invertebrados de Andalucía. Barea-Azcón, J.M., Ballesteros-Duperón, E., Moreno D. (Eds). Consejería de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain.

Paracuellos, M., Nevado, J.C., Moreno, D., Giménez, A., Alesina, J.J., 2003. Conservational status and demographic characteristics of Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) on the Alboran Island (Western Mediterranean). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 26 (2), 29-37.

Pascal, P.-Y., 2002. Comparaison inter-annuelle et inter-modale des effectifs et de la structure de la population de Patella ferruginea de l’Ile Lavezzu (Corse-du-Sud). Biologos, 1, 1-5.

Porcheddu, A., Milella, I., 1991. Aperçu sur l’écologie et sur la distribution de Patella ferruginea (L.) Gmelin, 1791 en mers italiennes. p. 119-128. In: Les espèces marines à protéger en Méditerranée. Boudouresque, C.F., Avon, M., Gravez, V. (Eds). GIS Posidonie publ., Marseille.

Rivera-Ingraham, G.A., Espinosa, F., García-Gómez, J.C., 2011. Conservation status and updated census of Patella ferruginea (Gastropoda, Patellidae) in Ceuta: distribution patterns and new evidence of the effects of environmental parameters on population structure. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 34 (1), 83-99.

Scaperrotta, M., Bartolini, S., Bogi, C., 2011. Accrescimenti. Stadi di accrescimento dei molluschi marini del Mediterraneo. Volume III. L’Informatore Piceno, Ancona. 184 pp.

Smith, F.G.W., 1935. The development of Patella vulgata. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal society of London, Series B, Biological sciences, 225, 95-125.

Templado, J., 2001. Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791. p. 41-50. In: Los Invertebrados no insectos de la “Directiva Hábitat” en España. Ramos M.A., Bragado D., Fernández J. (Eds). Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Dirección General de Conservación de la Naturaleza, Serie Técnica, Madrid.

Templado, J., Calvo, M., Garvía, Á., Luque, Á.A., Maldonado, M., Moro, L., 2004. Guía de Invertebrados y peces marinos protegidos por la legislación nacional e internacional. Naturaleza y Parques Nacionales, Serie Técnica, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid, 214 pp. Thompson, W.F., 1912. The protoconch of Acmaea. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 64, 540-544.

Wanninger, A., Ruthensteiner, B., Dictus, W.J.A.G., Haszprunar, G., 1999. The development of the musculature in the limpet Patella with implications on its role in the process of ontogenetic torsion. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 36 (1-3), 211-215.

Zarrouk, A., Romdhanea, M.S., Espinosa, F., 2016. Usefulness of marine protected areas as tools for preserving the highly endangered limpet, Patella ferruginea, in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biology Research, 12 (9), 917-931.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.