The impact of LNG offshore terminal on sea temperature and sea currents in the northern Adriatic Sea
The aim of this paper is to simulate the impact of a potential offshore LNG terminal on sea temperature (in autumn and spring/ summer) and sea currents (in autumn/winter) at three different depths (at the sea surface, at 25 m depth and at the seabed) in the northern Adriatic Sea from 14 November 2015 to 06 August 2016 using the Regional Ocean Modelling System (ROMS) model. The location of the potential offshore LNG terminal Istria (in the northern Adriatic Sea) was selected using the visual PROMETHEE method. The potential LNG terminal uses seawater for LNG heating and the seawater cooled to a temperature of 9°C returns to the marine environment. Although the differences in sea temperature with and without the discharge fit within normal temperature ranges, the simulations show that the discharge changed the speed and direction of sea currents at the sea surface not only in the wider northern Adriatic, but in the entire Adriatic. This is probably due to the specific circulation in the Adriatic, where cold water affects the geostrophic balance, an important part of the circulation field that depends on density (a function of salinity and temperature). Atmospheric conditions in the broader vicinity of the LNG terminal would also be affected by redistribution of air-sea fluxes due to changes in surface temperature. Changes in circulation would alter environmental conditions by redistributing nutrients, oxygen, etc. Further multi-year simulations of changes in the circulation system are needed, but other physical parameters (density, salinity, river inflow...) should also be included in the simulations to determine the cumulative impact of a potential LNG terminal on the marine environment.
- How to Cite
JELIĆ MRČELIĆ, G., JURIĆ, M., SUPIĆ, N., & DUTOUR SIKIRIĆ, M. thieu. (2023). The impact of LNG offshore terminal on sea temperature and sea currents in the northern Adriatic Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 24(2), 299–313. https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.30913
- Research Article
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (preferably in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).