| More

Haematological findings in dairy cows with concurrent left abomasal displacement and hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver)

Views: 439 Downloads: 232
E KALAITZAKIS, N PANOUSIS, N GIADINIS, N ROUBIES, E KALDRYMIDOU, H KARATZIAS
E KALAITZAKIS, N PANOUSIS, N GIADINIS, N ROUBIES, E KALDRYMIDOU, H KARATZIAS

Abstract


The main aim of the present field study was to evaluate various haematological parameters in cows with left abomasal displacement (LDA) and concurrent hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver) of different severity. A further objective was to compare these haematological values among animals with concurrent LDA and fatty liver that finally died or recovered. Sixty eight Holstein dairy cows with LDA and 110 control cows were included in the study. Blood and liver biopsy samples were obtained during standing LDA surgery. Liver tissue was examined histologically and classified according to the severity of fatty liver. Haematological analysis and biochemical determination of total lipids and triglycerides concentration of liver tissue were performed. The majority of the haematological parameters evaluated were within normal range. Haematocrit and haemoglobin median values were significantly lower in all LDA cows compared to controls, but no difference was recorded among fatty liver severity groups. Haematological parameters showed no significant difference in animals that finally died compared to the ones that recovered. Haematological parameters were not significantly influenced by the concurrence of LDA and fatty liver in dairy cows.


Keywords


LDA; fatty liver; dairy cows; haematology

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed ΜΜΙ (2004) Untersuchungen zur Diagnostik und Bedeutung der Fettleber bei klinisch kranken Milchkühen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung möglicher Beziehungen zur Hypophosphatämie. PhD Dissertation. Freien Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Cebra CK, Garry FB, Getzy DM, Fettman MJ (1997) Hepatic lipidosis in anorectic, lactating Holstein cattle: a retrospective study of serum biochemical abnormalities. J Vet Intern Med 4:231-237.

Collins RA and Reid IM (1980) A correlated biochemical and stereological study of periparturient fatty liver in the dairy cow. Res Vet Sci 28:373-376.

Detilleux JC, Gröhn YT, Eicker SW, Quass RL (1997) Effects of left displaced abomasum on test day milk yields of Holstein cows._J Dairy Sci 80:121-126.

Dirksen G (1967) Gegenwärtiger Stand der Diagnostik, Therapie und Prophylaxe der Dislocatio abomasi sinistra des Rindes. Deut Tierärztl Woch 46:625-633.

Eggstein M and Kuhlmann E (1974) Triglycerides and glycerol: Determination after alkaline hydrolysis. In: Bergmeyer HU, ed. Methods of Enzymatic Analysis, Vol 3, 2nd ed. Academic Press; New York, NY: pp 1825-1831.

Folch J, Lees M, Stanley GHS (1957) A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipid from animal tissues. J Biochem 226:497-509.

Geishauser T, Reiche D, Seeh C, Thunker B, Verwohlt S, Failing Κ (1996) pH, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphate and chloride in the rumen and abomasal contents of cows with abomasal displacement. Deut Tierärztl Woch 103:16-20.

Grünberg W, Constable P, Schröder U, Staufenbiel R, Morin D, Rohn M (2005) Phosphorus homeostasis in dairy cows with abomasal displacement or abomasal volvulus. J Am Vet Med Assoc 19:894-898.

Holtenius Ρ and Niskanen R (1985) Fatty liver changes in cattle with abomasal displacement. Deut Tierarzt Woch 92:398-400.

Howard JL and Smith RA (1999) Tables of normal values. In Howard JL Smith RA eds Current Veterinary Therapy 4, Food animal Practice. WB Saunders; Philadelphia PA.

Kalaitzakis E, Roubles N, Panousis N, Pourliotis K, Kaldrymidou E, Karatzias Η (2006) Evaluation of ornithine carbamoyl transferase and other serum and liver-derived analytes in diagnosis of fatty liver and postsurgical outcome of left-displaced abomasum in dairy cows. J Am Vet Med Assoc 229:1463-1471.

Mertens M (1992) Leberbiopsie beim Rind-Histologische und enzymhistochemische Auswertung von Bioptaten aus Kühen mit dislocatio abomasi sinistra. PhD Dissertation, Tierärzliche Hochschule, Hannover, Germany.

Morrow DA, Hillman D, Dade AW, Kitch H (1979) Clinical investigation of a dairy herd with the fat cow syndrome. J Am Vet Med Assoc 15:161-167.

Padilla-Arenalles S, Conctantino-Casas F, Nunez-Ochoa L, Doubek J, Vega-Murguia C, Bouda J (2007) Coagulation tests and selected biochemical analytes in dairy cows with hepatic lipidosis. Acta Vet Brno 76:541-546.

Panousis N, Polizopoulou Z, Fortomaris P, Papasteriadis A, Karatzias H (2001) Computer-aided complete blood counts in dairy cattle of the Thessaloniki region: A clinical study. Bui Hel Vet Med Soc 52(l):32-36.

Rehage J, Mertens M, Stuckhofe-Zurwieden N, Kaske M, Scholz H (1996) Post-surgical convalescence of dairy cows with left abomasal displacement in relation to fatty liver. Schweizer Arch Tierh 138,7:361-368.

Reid IM and Roberts CJ (1983) Subclinical fatty liver in dairy cows, current research and future prospects. Irish Vet J 37:104-110.

Reid IM, Dew AM, Williams LA (1984) Haematology of subclinical fatty liver in dairy cows. Res Vet Sci 37:63-65.

Rohn M, Tenhagen BA, Hofmann W (2004a) Survival of dairy cows after surgery to correct abomasal displacement: 1. Clinical and laboratory parameters and overall survival. J Vet Med A 51:294-299.

Rohn M, Tenhagen BA, Hofmann W (2004b) Survival of dairy cows after surgery to correct abomasal displacement: 2. Association of clinical and laboratory parameters with survival in cows with left abomasal displacement. J Vet Med A 51:300-305.

Stöber M and Gründer HD (1979) Special examination Circulation. In: Clinical examination of Cattle. Gustav Rosenberger, ed. (Translation of the 2nd ed. (1977) of "Die klinische Untersuchung des Rindes"). Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin and Hamburg:pp 128.

Taylor JA (2006) Leukocyte responses in ruminants. In: Feldman BF, Zinkl JG, Jain NC eds Schalm's Veterinary Hematology.5th ed. Wiley- Blackwell; Iowa, USA:pp391.

Wentick GH, Rutten VP, Van den Ingh MG, Hoek A, Müller KE, Wensing Τ (1997) Impaired specific immunoreactivity in cows with hepatic lipidosis. Vet Immunol Immunop 56:77-83.

Van Winden SCL, Jorritsma RR, Müller KE, Noordhuizen RTM (2003) Feed intake, milk yield and metabolic parameters prior to left displaced abomasum in dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 86:1465-1471.

Zerbe H, Schneider N, Leibold W, Wensing T, Kruip ΤΑΜ, Schuberth HJ (2000) Altered functional and immunophenotypical properties of neutrophilic granulocytes in post partum cows associated withfatty liver. Theriogenology 54:771-786.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 E KALAITZAKIS, N PANOUSIS, N GIADINIS, N ROUBIES, E KALDRYMIDOU, H KARATZIAS

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.