| More

Fatal venous air embolism in swine during surgical procedure

Views: 476 Downloads: 343
M KATSIMPOULAS, I KAKISIS, M PEROULIS, K DIMITRIOU, E BALAFAS, N KOSTOMITSOPOULOS
M KATSIMPOULAS, I KAKISIS, M PEROULIS, K DIMITRIOU, E BALAFAS, N KOSTOMITSOPOULOS

Abstract


Air embolism can occur after minor invasive procedures, as well as during major surgical operations. Reports of air embolism cases in veterinary literature are not very often, although it is considered that it happens more often than it is recognized. During a surgical procedure in swine, for the creation of a fistula of PTFE graft between the right common carotid artery and the right jugular vein under general anaesthesia, the animal died due to massive venous air embolism. Although it is supposed that the air was possibly inserted through the anaesthetic machine or through the anastomosis, the exact mechanism of the air insertion remains unknown.


Keywords


air embolism; arteriovenous fistula; swine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adornato DC, Gidenberg PL, Ferrarlo CM, Smart J, Frost EA (1978) Pathophysiology of intravenous air embolism in dogs. Anesthesiology, 49:120-127.

Albin MS, Caroli RG, Maroon JC (1978) Clinical considerations concerning detection of venous air embolism. Neurosurgery, 3:380-384.

Albin MS, Ritter M, Pruett CE, Kalff Κ (1991) Venous air embolismduring lumbar laminectomy in the prone position: report of three cases. Anesthesiology, 66:346-349

Boer WH and Hene RJ (1999) Lethal air embolism following removalof a double lumen jugular vein catheter. Nephrol Dial Transplant, 14:1850-1852.

Bradbury LA, Archer DC, Dugdale AH, Senior JM, Edwards GB (2005) Suspected venous air embolism in a horse. Vet Ree, 156(4): 109-111.

Buckland RW and Manners JM (1976) Venous air embolism during neurosurgery. A comparison of various methods of detection in man. Anaesthesia, 31: 633-643.

Butler BD, Hills ΒΑ (1985) Transpulmonary passage of venous air emboli. J Appi Physiol, 59:543-547.

Chang JL, Albin MS, Bunegin L, Hung TK (1980) Analysis and comparison of venous air embolism detection methods. Neurosurgery, 7; 135-141.

Cockett AT, Pauley SM, Zehl DN, Pilmanis AA, Cockett WS (1979) Pathophysiology of bends and compression sickness; An overview with emphasis on treatment. Arch Surg, 114: 296-301.

De la Torre E, Meredith J, Netsky MG, Winston-Salem (1962) Cerebral air embolism in the dog. Arch Neurol, 6:307-316.

Deal CW, Barton P, Fielden F, Monk I (1971) Hemodynamic effects of pulmonary air embolism. J Surg Res, 11: 533-538.

Derouin M, Couture P, Boudreault D, Girard D, Gravel D (1996) Detection of gas embolism by transesophageal echocardiography during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anesth Analg, 82:119-124.

Drummond JC, Prutow RJ, Serieller MS (1985) A comparison of the sensitivity of pulmonary artery pressure, end-tidal carbon dioxide and end-tidal nitrogen in the detection of venous air embolism in the dog. Anesth Anaig, 64:688-692.

Durant TM, Long J, Oppenheimer MJ (1947) Pulmonary (venous) air embolism. Am Heart J, 33: 269-281.

Fraker TD (1979) Detection and exclusion of interatrial shunts by twodimensional echocardiography and peripheral venous injection. Circulation, 59:379-384.

Fries CC, Levowitz B, Adler S, Cook AW, Karlson KE, Dennis C (1957) Experimental cerebral gas embolism. Ann Surg, 145:461-469.

Furuya H, Suzuki T, Okumura F, Kishi Y, Uefuji Τ (1983) Detection of air embolism by transesophageal echocardiography. Anesthesiology, 58:124-129.

Gorman D, Mitchell S (1999) A history of cerebral arterial gas embolism research: key publications. S Pacific Undersea Med Soc J, 29:145-156.

Halliday P, Anderson DN, Davidson AI (1994) Management of cerebral air embolism secondary to a disconnected central venous catheter. Br J Surg, 81:71.

Hasegawa T, Ravens JR, Toole JF (1967) Precapillary arteriovenous anastomoses: "thoroughfare channels" in the brain. Arch Neurol, 16:217-224.

Hlastala MP, Robertson HT, Ross BK (1979) Gas exchange abnormalities produced by venous gas emboli. Respiration, 36:1-17.

Hybels RL (1980) Venous air embolism in head and neck surgery. Laryngoscope, 90:946-954.

Isaacson KB (1999) Complications of hysteroscopy. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am, 26:39-51.

Lambert MJ (1982) Air embolism in central venous catheterization: diagnosis, treatment and prevention. South Med J, 75:1189-1191.

Lee JD and Roy TM( 1995) Venous air embolism and the central venous catheter. J Tennessee Med Assoc, 88:51-53.

Losasso TJ, Black S, Muzzi DA, Michenfelder JD, Cucchiara RF (1992) Detection and hemodynamic consequences of venous air embolism. Does nitrous oxide make a difference? Anesthesiology, 77:148-152.

Losasso TJ, Muzzi DA, Dietz NM, Cucchiara RF (1992) Fifty percent nitrous oxide does not increase the risk of venous air embolism in neurosurgical patients operated upon the sitting position. Anesthesiology, 77:21-30.

Marini J J, Culver BH (1989) Systemic gas embolism complicating mechanical ventilation in the adult respiratory distress syndrome. Ann Inter Med,110:699-703.

McGrath BJ, Zimmerman JE, Williams JF, Parmet J (1989) Carbon dioxide embolism treated with hyperbaric oxygen. Can J Anaesth, 36:586-589.

Michel R (1980) Air embolism in hip surgery. Anaesthesia, 35:858-862.

Mitchell SJ, Benson M, Vadlamudi L, Miller Ρ (2000) Cerebral arterial gas embolism by helium: an unusual case successfully treated with hyperbaric oxygen and lidocaine. Ann Emerg Med, 35:300-303.

Murphy BP, Harford FJ, Cramer FS (1985) Cerebral air embolism resulting from invasive medical procedures: treatment with hyperbaric oxygen. Ann Surg,201:242-245.

Murray IP (1981) Complications of invasive monitoring. Med Instrum, 15:85-89.

Muth CM, Shank ES (2000) Gas embolism. New Engl J Med, 342:476-482.

Ober CP, Spotswood TC, Hancock R (2006) Fatal venous air embolism in a cat with a retropharyngeal diverticulum. Vet Radiol Ultrasound, 47(2): 153-158.

Oyama Y, Spencer MP (1971) Cardiopulmonary effects of intravenous gas embolism; with special reference to fate of intravascular gas bubbles. Jpn Circ J, 35; 1541-1549.

Palmon SC, Moore LE, Lundberg J, Toung Τ (1997) Venous air embolism: a review. J Clin Anesthesia, 9: 251-257.

Papadopoulos G, Kuhly P, Brock M, Rudolph KH, Link J, Eyrich Κ (1994) Venous and paradoxical air embolism in the sitting position. A prospective study with transoesophageal echocardiography. Acta Neurochirurgica, 126:140-143.

Pate JW, Birdsong S (1964) Carotid air embolism: an experimental study in cats. Arch Surg, 89:685

Paw P, Sackier JM (1994) Complications of laparoscopy and thoracoscopy. J Intens Care Med, 9:290-304.

Pearl RG, Larson CP (1986) Hemodynamic effects of positive endexpiratory pressure during continuous venous air embolism in the dog. Anesthesiology, 64:724-729.

Porter JM, Pidgeon C, Cunningham AJ (1999) The sitting position in neurosurgery; a critical appraisal. Br J Anaesth, 82:117-128.

Russell GB, Richard RB, Snider MT (1990) Detection of venous air embolism in dogs by emission spectrometry. J Monit, 6:18-23.

Seidelin PH, Stolarek IH, Thompson AN (1987) Central venous catheterization and fatal air embolism. Br J Hosp Med, 38:438-439.

Souders JE (2000) Pulmonary air embolism. J Clin Monit, 16:375-383.

Thayer GW, Carrig CB, Evans AT (1980) Fatal venous air embolism associated with pneumocystography in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 176(7): 643-645.

Thielen JB, Nyquist J (1991) Subclavian catheter removal: nursing implications to prevent air emboli. J Intravenous Nurs, 14:114-118.

Tien IY and Drescher MJ (1999) Pulmonary venous air embolism following accidental patient laceration of hemodialysis catheter. J Emerg Med, 17: 847-850.

Toung T, Ngeow YK, Long DL, Rogers MC (1984) Comparison of the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure and jugular venous compression on canine cerebral venous pressure. Anesthesiology, 61:169-172.

Verstappen FT, Bernards JA, Kreuzer AF (1977) Effects of pulmonary gas embolism on circulation and respiration in the dog. II. Effects on respiration. Pflugers Arch, 368:599-604.

Verstappen FT, Bernards JA, Kreuzer AF (1977) Effects of pulmonary gas embolism on circulation and respiration in the dog. I. Effects on respiration. Pflugers Arch, 368:89-96.

Vik A, Brubakk AO, Hennessy TR, Jenssen BM, Ekker M, Slordahl SA (1990) Venous air embolism in swine: transport of gas bubbles through the pulmonary circulation. J Appi Physiol,69:237-244.

Walsh VP, Machon RG, Munday JS, Broome CJ (2005) Suspected fatal venous air embolism during anaesthesia in a Pomeranian dog with pulmonary calcification. Ν Ζ Vet J, 53(5): 359-362.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 M KATSIMPOULAS, I KAKISIS, M PEROULIS, K DIMITRIOU, E BALAFAS, N KOSTOMITSOPOULOS

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.