Avoiding the risk of dissemination of brain particles into the blood and carcass during cattle stunning: alternative method of stunning
During stunning, the entrance of the bolt into the cranial cavity results in massive brain tissue damage. There is a risk of brain tissue particles being transferred via the blood flow in the minor blood circulation system. This can lead to a contamination of blood, lungs and heart with the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) agent. Tissues of CNS carry almost all of the infectivity in catde sub-clinically and clinically affected by the BSE. The approved rapid post mortem tests cannot identify BSE infected animals early in the incubation period. Thus, it is not inconceivable that an animal with a negative rapid test result could, if stunned by a method that produced emboli, still have BSE-infected emboli dispersed through the venous blood stream, the lungs and the heart. This danger of contamination has been proved in several scientific studies. The ranking order of stunning methods in terms of decreasing risk for causing contamination is: 1. Pneumatic stunner that injects air. 2. Pneumatic stunner that does not inject air. 3. Captive bolt stunner with pithing. 4. Captive bolt stunner without pithing. Negligible or absent risk can be expected from nonpenetrative stunner and cardiac arrest stunning. For the time being, very few slaughterhouses in the EU implement the electrocution. Since the summer 2001, the first cardiac arrest stunning equipment has been operational in the continental Europe. Two systems for electrical stunning of catde are presented, which are in accordance with the UK and German regulations on the animal protection at slaughter. The replacement of the penetrative stunning method with the cardiac arrest stunning, in regions where the BSE is present, would prevent the risk of dissemination of brain particles into the blood and carcass.
- How to Cite
RAMANTANIS (Σ. ΡΑΜΑΝΤΑΝΗΣ) S. (2017). Avoiding the risk of dissemination of brain particles into the blood and carcass during cattle stunning: alternative method of stunning. Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society, 54(3), 230–235. https://doi.org/10.12681/jhvms.15263
- Vol. 54 No. 3 (2003)
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