| More

Antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolated from free range poultry or wild birds at the southern Caspian Sea coast of Iran

Views: 76 Downloads: 68
S. SEIFI, M. R. SHIRZAD
S. SEIFI, M. R. SHIRZAD

Abstract


Objective of this study was the investigation of antimicrobial resistance of 95 Escherichia coli strains from faecal samples of wild birds and free range poultry in Mazandaran province (southern Caspian Sea coast of Iran), which were isolated during the period May to December 2012. Isolation rate was 59% or 30% from samples of free range poultry or wild birds, respectively. All isolates from free range poultry were susceptible to amikacin, danofloxacin, enrofloxacin, gentamicin, neomycin, whereas all were resistant to carbenicillin and erythromycin. In strains from wild birds, most common resistance was detected to be to carbenicillin and tetracycline. Multi-drug resistance was evident in all isolates from free range poultry and in 26% of those from wild birds. It is postulated that that wild birds may be infected by antibiotic resistant strains of E. coli and may serve as reservoirs of such strains.


Keywords


antibiotic resistance; Escherichia coli; free range; southern Caspian Sea; wild bird

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cabassi CS, Taddei S, Predari G, Galvani G, Ghidini F, Schiano E, Cavirani S (2004) Bacteriologic findings in ostrich (Struthio camelus) eggs from farms with reproductive failures. Avian Dis 48:716-722.

Carneiro C, Araύjo C, GonÇalves A, Vinué L, Somalo S, R uiz E, Uliyakina I, R odrigues J, Igrejas G, Poeta P, Torres C (2010)

Detection of CTX-M-14 and TEM-52 extended-spectrum betalactamases in fecal Escherichia coli isolates of captive ostrich in Portugal. Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:991-994.

Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (2008) Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing, 8th informational supplement. CLSI, Wayne.

Cole D, Drum DJV, Stallknecht DE, White DG, Lee MD, Ayers S, Sobsey M, Maurer JJ (2005) Free-living Canada geese and antimicrobial resistance. Emerg Infect Dis 11:935-938.

Dolejska M, Cizek A, Literak I (2007) High prevalence of antimicrobial resistant genes and integrons in Escherichia coli isolates from Black-headed Gulls in the Czech R epublic. J Appl Microbiol 103:11-19.

Faldynova M, Pravcova M, Sisak F, Havlickova H, Kolackova I, Cizek A, Karpiskova R , R ychlik I (2003) Evolution of antibiotic resistance in Salmonella enteric serovar Typhimurium strains isolated in Czech R epublic between 1984 and 2002. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:2002-2005.

Grape M, Sundstrom L, Kronvall G (2003) Sulphonamide resistance gene sul3 found in Escherichia coli isolates from human sources. J Antimicrob Chemother 52:1022-1024.

Guenther S, Grobbel M, Lübke-Becker A, Goedecke A, Friedrich ND, Wieler LH, Ewers C (2010) Antimicrobial resistance profiles of Escherichia coli from common European wild bird species. Vet Microbiol 144:219-225.

Guerra B, Junker E, Schroeter A, Malorny B, Lehmann S, Helmuth R (2003) Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antimicrobial resistance in German Escherichia coli isolates from cattle, swine and poultry. J Antimicrob Chemother 52:489-492.

Hawkey PM (2008) Molecular epidemiology of clinically significant antibiotic resistance genes. Br J Pharmacol 153:406-413.

Holt JH, Krieg NR, Sneath PHA, Staley JT, Williams ST (1996) Determinative Bacteriology, 9th edn. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.

Khoshkhoo PH, Peighambari SM (2005) Drug resistance patterns and plasmid profiles of Escherichia coli isolated from cases of avian colibacillosis. J Fac Vet Med Univ Tehran 60:97-105.

Kurutepe S, Surucuoglu S, Sezgin C, Gazi H, Gulay M, Ozbakkaloglu B (2005) Increasing antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from community acquired urinary tract infection during 1998-2003 in Manisa, Turkey. Jpn J Infect Dis 58:159-161.

Kwak HJ, Lee WW, Kim JH, Chung KT, Woo BG, Lee GR, Lee DS (2005) Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Plasmid Profile of E. coli Isolated from Wild Bird. Annual R ep Busan Metropolitan City Inst Heal Environ 15:86-92.

Li L, Jiang Z G, Xia LN, Shen JZ, Dai L, Wang Y, Huang SY, Wu CM (2010) Characterization of antimicrobial resistance and molecular determinants of beta-lactamase in Escherichia coli isolated from chickens in China during 1970-2007. Vet Microbiol 144:505-510.

Martins R P, Hirschfeld E (1998) Comments on the limits of the Western Palearctic in Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Sandgrouse 20:108-134.

Obeng AS, R ickard H, Ndi O, Sexton M, Barton M (2012) Antibiotic resistance, phylogenetic grouping and virulence potential of Escherichia coli isolates from the faeces of intensively farmed and free-range poultry. Vet Microbiol 154:305-315.

Ojo OE, Ogunyinka OG, Agbaje M, Okuboye JO, Kehinde OO, Oyekunle MA (2012) Antibiogram of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from free-range chickens in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Vet Arhiv 82:577-589.

Ozawa M, Harada K, Kojima A, Asai T, Sameshima T (2008) Antimicrobial susceptibilities, serogroups, and molecular characterization of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates in Japan. Avian Dis 52:392-397.

Pennycott TW, Park A, Mather HA (2006) Isolation of different serovars of Salmonella enterica from wild birds in Great Britain between 1995 and 2003. Vet R ec 158:817-820.

Scott DA (1989) Birds in Iran. Encyclopedia Iranica 4:265-272. Simpson VR (2002) Wild animals as reservoirs of infectious diseases in the UK. Vet J 163:128-146

Soulsby L (2008) The 2008 Garrod lecture: antimicrobial resistance – animals and the environment. J Antimicrob Chemother 62:229-233.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 S. SEIFI, M. R. SHIRZAD