| More

On the Methodology of the Analytic Method: Historical Account, Epistemological Suggestions, Stages

Views: 477 Downloads: 256
Konstantinos Papageorgiou, Demetrios E. Lekkas
Konstantinos Papageorgiou, Demetrios E. Lekkas

Abstract


In this paper we attempt a good unearthing, sound tackling and effective pointing out of the critical key features permeating one of the two cornerstones supporting the total coordination and interplay underlying the complex epistemonic and scientific method: and that would be the constituent methodology concisely known under the cover name “analytic method”. In this attempt, however, it becomes evident very soon that the direct similarities, reciprocities and complementarities to the other cornerstone, concisely known as “abstractive method”, must also be laid out concurrently; the two share the same needs and behaviours, while they must also be mutually disambiguated and framed in inner consistencies and mutual contrast, to assert proper theoretical coverage, fruitful application and mutual impermeability overall.

Thus, both of them end up being discussed in parallel. To that end, simple and intuitively appealing proposals are sought, expressed and projected, regarding their key attributes, range and boundaries, both generally and especially in between them; their defining points and most essential requirements are sought out and expressed, their functional standards are suggested and the stages of its application are prescribed, according to a shadowy yet rigorous gradual breakup and assembling procedure derived from elementary combinatorics and set theory. All this gets illustrated in the schematic stages to be pursued in two relevant enlightening analytic examples, chosen so as to also partake of a crucial share of an abstractive aspect.

Two relevant issues are touched upon along the way in the vein of the present tone of quest, namely those concerning basic prerequisites of logic employed and the confusion and effective double-talk underlying the term “theory” (vs. “theories”) and the consequent term-induced ambiguity in the concepts. On the subject, analysis is the breakup of an “entity” into its “components” and synthesis is its retroactive operation, or “return”, from “components” to the “entity”. Similarly, “abstraction” is the course from an entity to a nesting of successive general categories, and “structure” is the other way around from more general categories towards smaller contained assemblages of entities, each uniformly exhibiting “partial manifestations” of the said categorical feature.

The semantic context and its set-theoretical implications are of paramount importance here. What is definitively taken as a “unity”, in each case, is a matter of choice, and of mutual and binding agreement among the parties conducting the study and its discussion. Beyond that, figuratively speaking, the analytic method concerns “anatomical autopsies” digging into such unities constituting elements or members of sets, whereas the abstractive method concerns attributes connecting sets of such “unities” and their nested supersets and subsets. We close by sketching the stage-by-stage application as illustrated in two case-studies: one from Cultural Studies, regarding a model, focusing on the primitive ternary ritual of the performing arts [ΚΛΜ], discussed complete with some key side issues, and accompanied by considerations on the triple of the material arts [ΧΨΩ], and then one from Bioethics regarding all possible partial and combinatorial constituents in consent models.


Keywords


Analytic method; Abstract method; Scientific & Epistemonic method; Set theory; Theory; Primitive ritual; ΚΛΜ; ΨΧΩ; Consent

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berg, J.W., Appelbaum, P.S., Lidz, C.W., & Parker, L.S. (2001). Informed Consent: Legal Theory and Clinical Practice (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press.

Cajori, F. (1893). A History of Mathematics (1909th ed.). New York: The Macmillan Company.

Carmi, A. (2003). Informed Consent. (A. Carmi, Ed.). Haifa: Israel National Commission for UNESCO.

Eyal, N. (2011). Informed Consent. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/informed-consent/#IdeCon

Heath, S.T.L. (1921). A History of Greek Mathematics. Clarendon Press.

Hodgkin, L. (2005). A History of Mathematics: From Mesopotamia to Modernity. OUP Oxford.

Hume, D. (1889). The Natural History of Religion. London: A. and H. Bradlaugh Bonner. Published by eBooks Adelaide.

Λέκκας, Δ. (2003a). Αναλυτική μέθοδος και αφηρημένη σκέψη. In (multiple authors): Επισκόπηση Ελληνικής Μουσικής και Χορού (vol. A pp. 83-114). Ελληνικό Ανοικτό Πανεπιστήμιο.

Λέκκας, Δ. (2003b). Το πρωτογενές δρώμενο: ιστορική βάση και λειτουργίες. In (multiple authors): Επισκόπηση Ελληνικής Μουσικής και Χορού (vol. A pp. 207-223). Ελληνικό Ανοικτό Πανεπιστήμιο.

Λέκκας, Δ. (2003c). Προς μιαν επιστημονική θεωρητική επισκόπηση του χορού. In (multiple authors): Επισκόπηση Ελληνικής Μουσικής και Χορού (vol. D pp. 175-214). Ελληνικό Ανοικτό Πανεπιστήμιο.

Λέκκας, Δ., Μερμίγκη, Δ., Παπαγεωργίου, Κ., Περιστέρης, Φ., & Χαντζής, Φ. (2018). Προς μια Δομική Θεωρία της Τέχνης. Athens: ΔΡΟΜΩΝ.

Miller, F.G., & Wertheimer, A. (2010). The ethics of consent: theory and practice. Oxford University Press.

Netz, R. (2003). The Shaping of Deduction in Greek Mathematics: A Study in Cognitive History.

Papageorgiou, K.G. (2017a). The Subtle Colourings of (Informed) Consent in Performance Enhancement: Implications for Expertise. Philosophy Study, 7(4), 197–203.

Papageorgiou, K.G. (2017b). The Subtle Colourings of (informed) Consent in Sports Doping. In 12th World Conference Bioethics, Medical Ethics and Health Law. Limassol, Cyprus.

Papageorgiou, K.G. (2017c). Therapy, Consent and Autonomy in Perspective. In 20 years after the Oviedo Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine. Thessaloniki, Greece: Thessaloniki Conference. Retrieved from https://www.thessaloniki-conference2017.es/

Papageorgiou, K.G. (2018). Magical Thinking. Athens: λεξίτυπον. Retrieved from www.distalmethod.com

Παπαγεωργίου, Κ.Γ., & Λέκκας, Δ.E. (2014). Επιστήμη και (vs) Scientia. In Φιλοσοφία, Φυσικές Επιστήμες, Βιοηθική. Αθήνα. Retrieved from http://deeaef.gr/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Papageorgiou-Lekkas-full-text.pdf

Westphal, R. (2017). Griechische Rhythmik und Harmonik. Nicosia Cyprus: Verone P.H. Ltd., facsimile of original of 1867, excerpt retrieved from: https://books.google.gr/books?id=EXbPDgAAQBAJ&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3&dq=lucius+tarrha+westphal&source=bl&ots=CyvzoDKoSY&sig=6D9O14rlLfqcGcCQUWGj_4El-CY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjljtiT9PbdAhUopYsKHQ0hDGkQ6AEwAnoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=lucius%20tarrha%20westphal&f=false


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Konstantinos Papageorgiou, Demetrios E. Lekkas

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.