| More


Views: 210 Downloads: 223
C. Fassoulas, N. Zouros
C. Fassoulas, N. Zouros


The European geoparks are new and effective instruments for the interpretation, protection and promotion of geological heritage aiming to a sustainable local development. Since 2000 the two Greek geoparks, the Lesvos Petrified Forest and the Psiloritis Natural Park have developed a great number of activities. Because of their differences, these two geoparks can be used as good examples to evaluate contribution of geoparks to local economy. In Psiloritis geopark operation is supported by the AKOMM –Psiloritis SA Development Company and significant funds have been raised for geo-protection and geo-tourism through European projects, a certain operational budget from local funds has been established and a new action plan has been developed under the forthcoming Leader+ project. In Lesvos Petrified Forest geopark operation is supported by the Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest which is responsible for research activities, protection and promotion of this protected natural monument. Main activities were funded by the North Aegean Regional Operational Framework as well as by INTERREG and LEADER initiatives to promote geoconservation, geotourism and local development. Furthermore, in both areas exchange of know how and best practices assisted local stakeholders and staff of local authorities to develop skills on the nature protection and promotion of geoheritage. Additionally, a great number of publications, environmental education programs and promotional activities contributed to the information and education of local communities, as well as of visitors on their geological and natural heritage. All the above mentioned activities have significant impact in local economy through the development of geotourism.


geoparks; Psiloritis Natural Park; Lesvos Petrified forest; geoconservation;

Full Text:



Fassoulas, C., 2004. Psiloritis Geopark: Protection of geological heritage through development. In Parkes

M.A. (ed): Natural and Cultural Landscape - The geological foundation. Royal Irish Academy,

Dublin, 291-294.

Fassoulas, C. and Skoula, Z,. 2006. Assessing the economic value of the Psiloritis area through the European

Geoparks Network initiative. In: VIII Inter. Conf for the Protection and Restoration of Environment.

Chania, Crete, Proc. Vol., Τ.11, p. 259.

Fassoulas, C., Voreadou, K,. and Illiopoulos, G., 2006. Bringing together Bio- and Geo-diversity: An example

from the Psiloritis Natural Park, Crete, Greece. In: 2nd UNESCO International Conference on

Geoparks. Belfast 2006, Abst. Vol., 78p.

Fassoulas, C., Paragamian, K., and Iliopoulos, G., 2007. Identification and assesement of Cretan geotopes.

Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. XXXVII, 1780 – 1795 pp.

Fassoulas, C., Patzak, M., Zouros, N. and McKeever, P., 2007. European and Global-UNESCO networks

of Geoparks: management of geological heritage and local development. 6th International Symposium

on Eastern Mediterranean Geology. Amman 2-5 April 2007. Abstract volume., p. 4.

Georgiakakis, P., 2009. Geographical and altitudinal distribution, audio identification and ecology of Chiropteran

in Crete (PhD thesis). Univesity of Crete, Heraklion, 225 pp.

Iliopoulos, G., Svana, K. and Fassoulas, C., 2009. Sirenian findings from the Psiloritis geopark, Crete,

Greece. 8th European Geoparks Congress, Idanha, Portugal, Abst. Vol., 143p.

Mouriki, D. and Fassoulas, C., 2009. Quantitative Assessment of Psiloritis’ Geotopes With Emphasis on

Protection and Geotourism (Crete, Greece). 8th European Geoparks Congress, Idanha, Portugal,

Abst. Vol., 199-200p.

Murray, G., 2004. Geodiversity: valuing and conserving abiotic nature. J. Wiley &Sons, Ltd, New York, 434pp

XLIII, No 2 – 905

Skoula, Z., and Fasoulas, C., 2006. Building participative processes and increasing the economic value

of goods in Psiloritis Natural Park. In: 2nd UNESCO International Conference on Geoparks, Belfast

, Abst. Vol., 111p.

Staridas, S., 2006. Project and Risk Management if a Geopark: Application of Risk Management techniques

in the Geopark of Psiloritis, (Master Thesis).Univ. Leeds, Leeds 125pp.

Sturm, B,. 1994. The geotope concept: geological nature conservation by town and country planning. In:

O’Halloran D., Green C., Harley M., Sanley M. & Knill J. (eds) Geological and Landscape Conservation.

Geological Society, London, 27-31.

Svana, K., 2007. Study of the Upper Miocene Sirenian of Crete (Master Thesis). University of Crete,

Heraklion, 71 pp.

Theodosiou-Drandaki, I., Nakov R.,… et al., 2004. IUGS Geosites Project Progress: A first attempt at

common framework list for south-eastern European countries. In: Parkes M.A. (ed): Natural and Cultural

Landscape - The geological foundation. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 81-89.

UNESCO, 2006. Guidelines and Criteria for National Geoparks seeking UNESCO’s assistance to join the

Global Geoparks Network, Paris, January 2006. Internal document, 10 p.

Velitzelos, E., Mountrakis, D., Zouros, N., and Soulakellis, N., 2003. Atlas of the geological monuments

of the Aegean. Ministry of the Aegean, Adam editions, Athens p.352.

Zouros, N., 2005. Assessment, protection and promotion of geomorphological and geological sites in the

Aegean area, Greece. Géomorphologie: relief, processus, environnement, no 3, 227-234.

Zouros, N., 2007. Geomorphosite assessment and management in protected areas of Greece. Case study

of the Lesvos island coastal geomorphosites. Geographica Helvetica, Jg.62, Heft 3/2007, 169-180.

Zouros, N., and Martini G., 2003. Introduction to the European Geoparks Network. In: Zouros N., Martini

G. & Frey M.L. (eds) Proc 2nd European Geoparks Network Meeting. Mytilene, Greece, 17-21.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 C. Fassoulas, N. Zouros

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.