| More

Application for source parameters calculations as input for static stress changes studies

Views: 205 Downloads: 142
P. M. Paradisopoulou, E. E. Papadimitriou, V. G. Karakostas, A. Kilias
P. M. Paradisopoulou, E. E. Papadimitriou, V. G. Karakostas, A. Kilias


The study of static Coulomb Stress changes requires initially the collection of information on the major active faults in a study area concerning their geometry and kinematic properties and then a series of complex calculation for stress changes that are associated with both coseismic displacements of the stronger events and the tectonic loading on these major faults. The Coulomb Stress Application has been developed as a tool to provide a user-friendly way of entering the necessary data and an efficient way to perform the complex calculations procedure. More specifically the aim of the application is a) the collection of data (catalogues of earthquakes, fault parameters) in a relational database, b) the calculation of earthquake source parameters such as the length and the width of the causative fault, and the coseismic slip by using available scaling laws, and finally, c) the execution of all the necessary programs and scripts (e.g. dis3dop.exe, GMT package) to get a map of static stress changes for an area. Coulomb Stress application provides a way to store these data for a study area and it is a method to perform a series of calculations by plotting a series of maps and examine the results for a number of cases.


Database population; execution; fault geometry

Full Text:



Aki, K., 1966. Generation and propagation of G-waves from the Niigata earthquake of June 16, 1964. 2. Estimation of earthquake movement, released energy and stress-strain drop from G spectrum, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst., 44, 23-88.

Bozkurt, E., 2001. Neotectonics of Turkey - a synthesis, Geodinamica Acta, 14, 3-30.

Deng, J., and Sykes, L.R., 1997. Evolution of the stress field in Southern California and triggering of moderate-size earthquakes: A 200-year perspective, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 9859-9886.

Erickson, L., 1986. User's Manual For DIS3D: A Three-Dimensional Dislocation Program With Applications To Faulting In The Earth, M.S. Thesis, University of Stanford, Stanford, California, 167pp.

Haris, R.A., 1998. Introduction to special section: Stress triggers, stress shadows, and implications for seismic hazard, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 24, 347-24, 358.

Jaumé, S.C., and Sykes, L.R., 1996. Evolution of moderate seismicity in the San Francisco Bay region, 1850-1993: Seismicity changes related to the occurrence of large and great earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 765-789.

King, G.C.P., Stein, R.S., and Lin, J., 1994. Static Stress changes and the triggering of earthquakes, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84, 935-953.

Nalbant, S.S., Hubert, Α., and King, G.C.P., 1998. Stress coupling between earthquakes in Northwestern Turkey and the North Aegean Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 24,469-24,486.

Papadimitriou, E.E., and Sykes, L.R., 2001. Evolution of the stress field in the northern Aegean area (Greece), Geophys. J. Int., 46, 747-759.

Papadimitriou, E.E., Xueze Wen, Karakostas, V.G., and Xueshen Jin, 2004. Earthquake triggering along the Xianshuihe fault zone of western Sichuan, China, Pure Appi. Geophys., 161, 1683-1707.

Papazachos, B.C., 1989. Measures of earthquake size in Greece and surrounding areas, Proc. Ist Scient. Cong., Geophys. Soc. Greece, Athens, April 19-21, 438-447.

Papazachos, B.C., Mountrakis, D.M., Papazachos, C.B., Tranos, M.D., Karakaisis, G.F., and Savvaidis, A.S., 2001. The faults that caused the known strong earthquakes in Greece and surrounding areas during 5th century B. C. up to present, 2nd Conf. Earthq. Engin. Seism., 28-30 September, Thessaloniki, 1, 17-26.

Papazachos, B.C., Scordilis, E.M., Panagiotopoulos, D.G., Papazachos, C.B., and Karakaisis, G.F., 2004. Global Relations between seismic fault parameters and moment magnitude of Earthquakes, Bull. Geol. Soc. Greece, XXXVI, 1482-1489.

Reasenberg, P.A., and Simpson, R.W., 1992. Response of regional seismicity to the static stress change produced by the Lorna Prieta earthquake, Science, 255, 1687-1690.

Reilinger, R., McClusky, S., Vernant, P., Lawrence, S., Ergintav, S., Cakmak, R., Ozener, H., Kadirov, F., Guliev, I., Stepanyan, R., Nadariya, M., Hahubia, G., Mahmoud, S., Sakr, Κ., ArRajehi, Α., Paradissis, D., Al-Aydrus, Α., Prilepin, M., Guseva, T., Evren, E., Dmitrotsa, Α., Filikov, S.V., Gomez, F., Al-Ghazzi R., and Karam, G., 2006. GPS constraints on continental deformation in the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia continental collision zone and implications for the dynamics of plate interactions, J. Geophys. Res. Ill, doi: 10.1029/2005 JB004051.

Scholz, C, 1990. The mechanics of earthquakes and faulting, Cambridge University Press, 139pp.

Stein, R.S., Barka, A.A., and Dieterich, J.H., 1994. Progressive failure on the North Anatolian faul t since 1939 by earthquakes stress triggering, Geophys. J. Int., 128, 594-604.

Steketee, J.A., 1958. On Volterra's dislocations in a semi-infinite elastic medium, Can. J. Phys., 36, 192-205.

Toda, S, Stein, R.S.,Lin, J., and Selvigen, V., 2007. Coulomb 3.0, Graphic rich dislocation software for displacements and stress calculations, USGS, Earthquake Hazards Programs, URL.http://quake.wr.usgs.gov/research/deformation/modeling/coulomb/download/index.html

Wells, D.L., and Coppersmith, K.J., 1994. New empirical Relationships among Magnitude, Rupture Length, Rupture width, Rupture area, and Surface Displacement, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84,974-1002.

Wessel, P., and Smith, W.H.F., 1998. New, improved version of the Generic Mapping Tools Released, EOS Trans. AGO, 79, 579.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 P. M. Paradisopoulou, E. E. Papadimitriou, V. G. Karakostas, A. Kilias

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.