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Evaluation of Toyocerin®, a probiotic containing Bacillus toyoi spores, on the health status and performance of sows and their litters

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I. E. GEORGOULAKIS (I.E. ΓΕΩΡΓΟΥΛΑΚΗΣ), C. ALEXOPOULOS (Κ. ΑΛΕΞΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ), Ch. MILIOTIS (Χ. ΜΗΛΙΩΤΗΣ), E. E. MALANDRAKIS (Ε.Ε. ΜΑΛΑΝΔΡΑΚΗΣ), S. C. KYRIAKIS (Σ.Κ. ΚΥΡΙΑΚΗΣ)
I. E. GEORGOULAKIS (I.E. ΓΕΩΡΓΟΥΛΑΚΗΣ), C. ALEXOPOULOS (Κ. ΑΛΕΞΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ), Ch. MILIOTIS (Χ. ΜΗΛΙΩΤΗΣ), E. E. MALANDRAKIS (Ε.Ε. ΜΑΛΑΝΔΡΑΚΗΣ), S. C. KYRIAKIS (Σ.Κ. ΚΥΡΙΑΚΗΣ)

Abstract


The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of Toyocerin®, a probiotic containing l x l09Bacillus toyoi spores per gram, on the health status and productivity of sows and their litters. Eighty gilts and sows were allocated into four experimental groups as follows: TOYO - 0 = control, TOYO - 0.5 = 0.5xl0Bacillus toyoi spores/kg of feed, TOYO - 1 = l.0xl09Bacillus toyoi spores/kg of feed, TOYO - 2 = 2.0x109Bacillus toyoi spores/kg of feed. The treatments started at the day of service and covered two complete breeding cycles. Toyocerin® supplementation of the feed improved gilt/sow performance by: increasing (P<0.05) the mean body weight from service to farrowing, decreasing (P<0.05) the mean weight loss from farrowing to weaning and decreasing (P<0.05) the mean weaning-to-conception interval. Toyocerin® also showed a positive effect on litter characteristics in terms of: higher (P<0.05) mean number of piglets born alive at each birth, higher (P<0.05) mean number of piglets weaned, a higher (P<0.05) mean piglet body weight at each weaning and lower (P<0.05) mean diarrhoea score. Finally, Toyocerin® tended to improve the health status and fertility of sows demonstrating: a tendency for lower percentages of sows with abnormal clinical signs and a similar effect on the percentages of sows returning to oestrus. These beneficial effects of Toyocerin® were more pronounced in the TOYO - 1 and the TOYO – 2 groups.


Keywords


Toyocerin®; Bacillus toyoi; sows; piglets

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References


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